Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Mary Brewer, Clyde Brewer, August 10, 1978

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:14 - Introduction / writing books

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Mrs. Mary Brewer for the oral history project, Frontier Nursing Service, by Dale Deaton at approximately 2:30PM on August 10th, 1978 at Wooten, Kentucky.

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer is introduced. She talks about the books she has written and why she decided to write them.

Keywords: "Of Bolder Men"; "Rugged Trails of Appalachia"; Aid; Ancestry; Books; Centennial celebrations; Communities; Correspondence; F.N.S.; FNS; Families; Family histories; Goals; Help; Helping; Image; Information; Intelligence; Lineage; Opinions; Poor; Publishing; Research; Stereotypes; Stories; Wooten (Ky.); Writing

Subjects: Authors, American--Kentucky; Berea College; Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Family--history; Ford Foundation; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Genealogy--Appalachian Region; Leslie County (Ky.); Mary Breckinridge; Mary Breckinridge Hospital; Publishers and publishing.

00:05:11 - Frontier Nursing Service / home remedies

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Partial Transcript: I've had several people comment, too, and that they feel as though the Frontier Nursing Service has portrayed the people--

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer gives her opinion on the Frontier Nursing Service. She describes an experience she had going to the doctor for a case of shingles and a home remedy that was recommended to her.

Keywords: Ailments; Bumps; Care; Changes; Commercialization; County health nurses; Cures; Diseases; F.N.S.; FNS; Fees; Fund raising; Healing; Health conditions; Help; Helping; Home remedies; Hospitals; Illnesses; Income; Money; Needs; Projects; Public welfare; Services; Shingles; Toilets; Trachoma epidemic; Treatment; Viruses; Welfare

Subjects: Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Harlan (Ky.); Health care issues, costs, and access; Kentucky--Rural conditions.; Leslie County (Ky.); Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Nurses; Nursing; Public health; Rural health services; Rural health--Kentucky

00:09:57 - More on writing her book

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Partial Transcript: Well to go back for--to your book for a minute, with the genealogies on some of the families in--in Leslie County, is there any particular way that you wanted those genealogies portrayed in the book?

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer talks more about writing her book on Leslie County. She discusses her work history and how she came to live in Leslie County.

Keywords: "Trail to Cutshin"; Advertising; Communities; Families; Family histories; Homes; Houses; Illegitimacy; Information; Jobs; Locals; Manuscripts; Meade Memorial High School; Needy; Portrayals; Representations; School; Selling; Social workers; Stereotypes; Teaching; W.P.A. (Works Progress Administration); Work; Working

Subjects: Authors, American--Kentucky; Families.; Genealogy--Appalachian Region; Hyden (Ky.); Leslie County (Ky.); Owsley County (Ky.); Perry County (Ky.); Rowan County (Ky.); United States. Works Progress Administration.

00:14:42 - Great Depression / school

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Partial Transcript: Well, by 1939, the time that you were in here, the Depression was over to some extent.

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer talks about the Great Depression in Leslie County. She discusses the education opportunities in the area.

Keywords: ; Automobiles; C.C.C.; CCC; Cars; Changes; Coal oil lamps; Conveniences; Cows; Crimes; Criminals; Education; Electricity; Families; Farming; Food; Ford Coupe; Gardens; Great Depression; Growing; Horses; Jobs; Learning; Model T Ford; Planting; Plowing; Poor; Public welfare; Radios; Salaries; Schools; Starvation; Suffering; Trains; Transportation; Travel; Wages; Work; Work crews

Subjects: Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.); Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Education--Appalachian Region; Education--Kentucky; Leslie County (Ky.); Rural schools--Appalachian Region; United States. Works Progress Administration.

00:19:36 - Students' intelligence/ social activities / religion

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Partial Transcript: Without mentioning any student particularly, how do you--what do you feel about the capabilities of the students that you taught in Leslie County?

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer gives her opinion on the intelligence of the people of Leslie County. She also discusses the various social events in the area. She talks about where people could get books to read. She talks about religion.

Keywords: Binet-Simon Test; Bookmobiles; Books; Bookstores; Cane mills; Changes; Children; Church programs; Churches; Communities; Community centers; Dances; Doctors; Economic groups; Fiddling; Games; Get-togethers; IQ (Intelligence Quotient); IQ Test; Learning; Libraries; Music; Parties; Picnics; Reading; Religion; Social activities; Socials; Stereotypes; Students; Work; Working

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Families.; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; High school teaching -- Kentucky; Hyden (Ky.); Laurel County (Ky.); Leslie County (Ky.); Schools; Teachers; Teaching

00:27:32 - Mary Breckinridge

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Partial Transcript: Well, talk about the Frontier Nursing Service for a few minutes. Did you meet and know Mary Breckinridge?

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer talks about Mary Breckinridge and the Frontier Nursing Service clinics.

Keywords: Books; Check-ups; Choices; Clinics; Episcopalian; F.N.S.; FNS; Faith; French language; Friends; Friendship; Help; Helping; Home visits; Insurance; Intelligence; Need; Physicals; Quarterly bulletins; Religion; Services; Transportation; Visiting

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Harlan (Ky.); Hazard (Ky.); Mary Breckinridge; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Public health; Public welfare--Kentucky; Rural health clinics--Kentucky; Rural health services; United Mine Workers of America

00:31:28 - Folklore

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Partial Transcript: They, to a large extent, produced their own food and everything else that they needed during their lives. Did you ever make any homemade soap?

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer talks about some of the traditional beliefs in the area including planting, harvesting, and slaughtering animals by certain phases of the moon.

Keywords: "Ember days"; Almanacs; Apples; Bacon; Beans; Beliefs; Calendar; Customs; Folk ways; Gardens; Harvest; Hogs; Homemade; Legends; Lye; Moon; Moon phases; Phases of the moon; Planting; Potatoes; Practices; Slaughter; Soap; Superstitions; Traditions; Trees; Washing clothes; Women

Subjects: Agriculture--Appalachian Region; Agriculture--Kentucky; Folklore; Traditional farming--Kentucky

00:41:05 - European traditions in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Well, during your work, have you run across any traditions or anything that are evident in certain parts of Europe or maybe England or Scotland that are also evident here?

Segment Synopsis: Mary Brewer discusses European traditions that have been carried to Kentucky. She also discusses the European origins of the people in Leslie County. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: "Beer corn"; Ancestry; Customs; Drinks; Families; Ginning; Lineage; Molasses; Origins; Sugar cane; Traditions; Vinegar

Subjects: England; Europe; Genealogy--Appalachian Region; Germany; Ireland; Leslie County (Ky.); Scotland