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00:00:05 - Early settlers on Big Bullskin Creek

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Mr. Shiloh Gay for the Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project by his son, Mr. Alden Gay at approximately 2:00 p.m. on September 8th, 1978.

Segment Synopsis: Shiloh Gay is introduced. He discusses the first families that settled on Big Bullskin Creek in Kentucky during the 1830s and '40s. He talks about the lack of roads, and the means of transportation available at the time. He talks about the developments that occurred in the 1840s and '50s. He discusses how the people "lived off the land."

Keywords: Bread; Corn; Horses; Living off the land; Roads; Salt wells; Settlers; Stores; Trails; Transportation

Subjects: Big Bullskin Creek (Ky.); Families.; Oneida (Ky.); Traditional farming--Kentucky

00:04:46 - First stores on Big Bullskin Creek / logging

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Partial Transcript: Okay. Coming up a little farther in time, when they started getting, uh, stores in the country, where would they, uh, where would they bring items for sale in from?

Segment Synopsis: Gay talks about the first stores built around Big Bullskin Creek. He talks about how the goods were transported through the area. He discusses the outside income brought in by the logging industry.

Keywords: Country stores; Creeks; East Bernstadt Wholesale Company; Ice; Income; Jewel Hicknight; Mules; Rivers; Roads; Selling; Timber; Wagons

Subjects: Big Bullskin Creek (Ky.); General stores; Logging; Transportation--Kentucky

00:09:11 - Settlers on Leatherwood Creek

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Partial Transcript: All right, let me ask you about some more sections of, uh, this place in here. Do you remember the settlement of, uh, Leatherwood Creek?

Segment Synopsis: Gay discusses the first settlers on Leatherwood Creek in Kentucky in the late 1800s. He talks more about stores in the area, and about transportation on the Kentucky River.

Keywords: Country stores; Freight boats; Leatherwood Creek (Ky.); Settlers; William Barger

Subjects: General stores; Kentucky River (Ky.); Rivers--Kentucky; Transportation--Kentucky

00:11:53 - Logging in the early 1900s

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Partial Transcript: All right. Let's, uh, let's talk just a little about the, uh, the, uh, timber being sold.

Segment Synopsis: Gay talks about the beginnings of the timber industry in the area, and how the logs were transported down the river.

Keywords: Floating logs; Income; Logs; Middlefork River (Ky.)

Subjects: Kentucky River (Ky.); Logging; Timber--Rafting

00:13:28 - First roads

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Partial Transcript: Okay. Uh, let me ask you, uh, to bring us, uh, up to date on the, uh, establishment of the roads in this section.

Segment Synopsis: Gay discusses the county building roads in the area and the mandatory work required of each local man to build them.

Keywords: County roads; Mandatory work; Settlers; Taxes

Subjects: Big Bullskin Creek (Ky.); Roads--Design and construction; Rural roads

00:15:13 - Medical care in the early 1900s

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Partial Transcript: Well let's, let's, uh, let's bring this--let's discuss this, uh, from the early 1900's.

Segment Synopsis: Gay discusses the availability of medical care in the area in the early 1900s. He talks about the doctors that would prescribe medication and the midwives that would deliver babies.

Keywords: Buffalo Creek (Ky.); Doctors; Home visits; Horseback; Medicine; Squabble Creek (Ky.)

Subjects: Big Bullskin Creek (Ky.); Childbirth; Medical care--Kentucky; Midwives--Appalachian Region

00:17:51 - Improvements to roads

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Partial Transcript: Okay. In the, uh, the, uh--population obviously increasing in the, uh, 1900's in our community. People, uh--more settlements. Did the roads start improving?

Segment Synopsis: Gay talks about the improvements that were made to the local roads that allowed for transportation by car. He talks about the kinds of jobs that were available for the men in the area.

Keywords: Automobiles; Cars; Coalfields; Farming; Income; Jobs; Logging industry; Stores; Working

Subjects: Hazard (Ky.); Perry County (Ky.); Roads--Design and construction; Rural roads

00:20:51 - Building the Frontier Nursing Service clinic at Brutus, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Okay, that brings us up to the starting of the Frontier Nursing Service. Do you remember the starting of the Frontier Nursing Service in nineteen and thirty?

Segment Synopsis: Gay talks about the beginnings of the Frontier Nursing Service in 1930, and the decision to build a center at Brutus, Kentucky. He talks about Mary Breckinridge's role in the planning. He talks about how the local men donated wagons and labor to help build the center.

Keywords: Brutus (Ky.); Brutus Center; Community meetings; Donated labor; Donations; FNS; Men; Nurses; Wagons

Subjects: Big Bullskin Creek (Ky.); Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical centers--Design and construction; Medical centers--Planning

00:23:25 - The need for home visits from nurses

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Partial Transcript: Okay now, do you remember, uh, how the, uh, how the, uh, nurses, uh, first started by actually taking--or going visiting the homes and caring for the people in their homes?

Segment Synopsis: Gay talks about why the people served by the Frontier Nursing Service needed the nurses to make home visits. He talks about how the people would have to fetch the nurses on horseback when they were needed. He talks about the importance of the preventive care the nurses provided. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Children; Community support; Doctors; Eating habits; Great Depression; Home visits; Horseback; Inoculations; Laundry; Lifesaving; Manchester (Ky.); Nurse Harris; Oneida (Ky.); Poor conditions; Vaccinations; Weather

Subjects: Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical care, Cost of; Nurses; Preventive health services

00:29:27 - Unrelated segment on oral history projects

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Partial Transcript: I found very little difficulty in, in adapting to, uh, that different situation.

Segment Synopsis: An unidentified speaker gives advice concerning oral history projects. [The tape abruptly stops.]

Keywords: Advice; Interviewing; Needs; Oral history projects; Personal relationships; Topics

Subjects: Oral history.