Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Martha Webster, March 4, 1979

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:04 - Introduction / becoming involved with the Frontier Nursing Service

Play segment

Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Mrs. Graham Webster, courier Martha Boyle (??) for the Frontier Nursing Service oral history project by Dale Deaton at approximately 3:30 p.m. on March 4, 1979 at Appletree Farm, near Chagrin Falls, Ohio.

Segment Synopsis: Martha Webster is introduced. She discusses how she became involved in the Frontier Nursing Service courier program. She talks about how she traveled to Wendover and some of the duties she performed while there.

Keywords: Agnes Lewis; Betty Lester; Clinics; Couriers; F.N.S.; FNS; Fundraising; Helen Browne; Horseback riding; Hospitals; Impressions; Jean Hollins; Kate Ireland; Meetings; Outposts; Responsibilities; Wendover

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Horses--Care; Hyden (Ky.); Lexington (Ky.).

00:05:02 - Wendover / Frontier Nursing Service nurses and doctors

Play segment

Partial Transcript: About roughly--uh--sort of as--as a guess, about how many people were living at Wendover while you were there?

Segment Synopsis: Webster discusses the people living at Wendover during her time there. She talks about her experiences as a courier, including a story about encountering a family on their way to a cemetery. She discusses the current and former leaders of the Frontier Nursing Service.

Keywords: Babies; Betty Lester; British; Caskets; Cemeteries; Children; Couriers; Death; Directors; Doctors; Dr. Beasley; Electricity; F.N.S.; FNS; Frontier Graduate School of Midwifery; Helen Browne; Hospitals; Infant mortality; Red Bird Center; Wendover

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Families.; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing; Midwives; Nurses

00:10:14 - Local people / nurses

Play segment

Partial Transcript: While you were there--th--well, before you went--went there, did you have an opinion or--or an idea of what the area was like and what the people were like?

Segment Synopsis: Webster discusses her impressions of the local people in the Wendover area during her time as a courier. She talks more about the nurses living at Wendover and their interactions with the couriers. She talks specifically about the local women and whether they were dissatisfied with their lives.

Keywords: Children; Communities; Conditions; Controversy; Couriers; Dissatisfaction; Dorothy Buck; Electricity; F.N.S.; FNS; Fun; Hard-working; Helping; Impressions; Interactions; Kate Ireland; Local people; Locals; Mary B. Willeford; Preconceptions; Presentations; Relationships; Spoiled; Tea; Work

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Families.; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Nurses; Women--Appalachian Region

00:15:56 - Experiences as a courier / local people

Play segment

Partial Transcript: As a courier you ha--(coughs)--your c--you had to care for the horses--uh--at Wendover. And as far as going
to the outpost clinics y--did you take mostly medical--did you--were the couriers--was it their
responsibility to take the medical supplies to the outpost nurses?

Segment Synopsis: Webster talks more about the tasks she performed as a courier including a story about transporting a cow. She discusses the local people she met while working there, including a story about a woman with false teeth.

Keywords: Ailments; Clinics; Communities; Cows; Duties; Electricity; F.N.S.; FNS; Illnesses; Jean Hollins; Jobs; Kermit Morgan; Local people; Locals; Medical supplies; Mountain people; Outposts; Post offices; Responsibilities; Sickness; Teeth; Tonsils; Wendover; Work

Subjects: Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Horses--Care; Rural electrification

00:20:02 - Correspondence with the FNS and the Cleveland Committee / atmosphere and relationships at Wendover

Play segment

Partial Transcript: With--at--at Wendover, were there anything as parties or square dances, anything at all
like that on Saturday nights at Wendover or the Garden House?

Segment Synopsis: Webster talks about whether there were social events at Wendover during her time there. She discusses her continued contact with people from the Frontier Nursing Service and whether she receives the quarterly bulletin. She talks about the relationships between people in the FNS.

Keywords: Agnes Lewis; Arguments; Bulletins; Changes; Cleveland Committee; Close-knit; Committee members; Contact; Correspondence; Differences; Dr. Beasley; F.N.S.; FNS; Fights; Fundraising; Helen Browne; Kate Ireland; Meetings; Money; Parties; Relationships; Social activities; Social life and customs; Socializing; Square dances; Support; Thanksgiving; Wendover; Work

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Families.; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Nurses

00:27:06 - Assisting nurses as a courier

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Before you went there, did you--did you have any understanding of m--of midwives? Nurse-midwives who were trained in nursing?

Segment Synopsis: Webster talks about her experiences assisting the nurses in the Frontier Nursing Service, specifically with childbirths. She discusses whether local people were given donations from the government or the FNS around 1938.

Keywords: Assisting; CCC; Clothes; Couriers; Deliver babies; Donations; Duties; F.N.S.; FNS; Food; Giving; Government assistance; Government relief programs; Handouts; Helping; Home deliveries; Home visits; Horses; Houses; Jobs; Local people; Locals; Respect; Responsibilities; Roads; Useful; WPA; Work

Subjects: Childbirth; Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.); Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Midwifery; Midwives; Nurses; Nursing; United States. Works Progress Administration.

00:34:00 - Outpost clinics / roads / courier duties

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Was m--was any or very much of your time spent at the hospital?

Segment Synopsis: Webster talks about the FNS outpost clinics. She talks about the roads that existed at the time. She talks more about her duties as a courier and who cared for the horses at Wendover.

Keywords: Blacksmithing; Blacksmiths; Clinics; Couriers; Duties; F.N.S.; FNS; Food; Gardening; Gardens; Horseback riding; Hospitals; Jobs; Kermit Morgan; Outposts; Responsibilities; Rural roads; Shoeing; Transportation; Vehicles; Work

Subjects: Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Horses--Care; Nurses

00:37:28 - Lack of socializing with local people

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Do you recall the relationship between the FNS nurses and staff personnel and the local people while you were there? Was there very much socializing that went on, or was it mostly--uh-- professional relationship? Did the nurses go out and--uh--spend any time with families, like in the evenings or when they weren't on duty?

Segment Synopsis: Webster discusses the lack of interaction between people who worked for the Frontier Nursing Service and the local people. She talks about keeping in touch with the FNS. She mentions the changes that have occurred there over the years. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: "Wide Neighborhoods"; Bulletins; CCC; Camaraderie; Changes; Communication; Contributions; Couriers; Dating; Donations; F.N.S.; FNS; Local people; Locals; Modernizing; Parties; Professional; Reading; Relationships; Restrictions; Romanticism; Rules; Social life and customs; Socializing; Staff; Unique

Subjects: Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.); Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Nurses