Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Lula Baker, April 29, 1979

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:21 - Childhood

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Lula Baker for the Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project by Sadie W. Stidham...

Segment Synopsis: Lula Baker is introduced. She talks about her family coming to live on Poll's Creek in Kentucky. She talks about her childhood, including her chores, the store in the area, and her experiences in school.

Keywords: Ancestors; Bear Branch (Ky.); Chores; Community; Farming; General stores; Local people; Lunch; Parents; Post offices; Schoolhouses; Teachers

Subjects: Childhood; Country life; Families.; Family histories.; Family--history; Farm life--Appalachian Region; Rural children; Rural schools--Kentucky

GPS: Poll's Creek (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1348154, -83.2815664
00:04:55 - Babies raised by the Frontier Nursing Service

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Partial Transcript: What did you do after, after you quit going to school?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about her twin siblings, and says her mother died shortly after they were born. The babies were raised for several months at the Frontier Nursing Service.

Keywords: Children; Costs; Cow's milk; Fees; Hyden (Ky.); Infants; Married; Mothers; Siblings; Wendover (Ky.)

Subjects: Families.; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Nurses; Rural children

GPS: Wendover (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.126389, -83.362778
00:08:20 - Churches

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Partial Transcript: How many churches were there on, on Poll's Creek?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about the local churches that existed during her childhood. She talks about getting electricity and the condition of the roads in the area.

Keywords: Church of Christ; Electricity; Floods; Preachers; Schoolhouses

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Church history; Rural churches; Rural conditions; Rural electrification; Rural roads

GPS: Poll's Creek (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1348154, -83.2815664
00:10:23 - Great Depression

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Partial Transcript: What do you, what do you remember about the Depression years, Lula?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about life during the Great Depression and the types of work her father did. She talks briefly about local politics.

Keywords: "Speakings"; County court clerks; Fathers; Food; Isaac Wells; Jobs; Money; Peddling; Selling; Supplies

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Leslie County (Ky.)--Politics and government; Occupations.; Subsistence farming

00:12:44 - Traditional medicine

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Partial Transcript: Do you remember how old you were when you went to Hyden for the first time?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about the "country doctors" and "granny women" who treated medical problems during her childhood. She talks about some of the traditional remedies they used.

Keywords: "Granny women"; Blood poisoning; Catnip tea; Childhood; Country doctors; Dental work; Distance; Dr. Hamilton; Em Shephard; Herb doctors; Hives; Horseback; Hyden (Ky.); Medicine; Painkillers; Polly Wells; Teas

Subjects: Childbirth; Country life; Maternal health services.; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Midwifery--Appalachian Region; Midwives--Appalachian Region; Physicians--Kentucky; Rural health services; Traditional medicine

00:17:24 - Frontier Nursing Service

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Partial Transcript: Did you know, uh, Mrs. Breckinridge? Did you know her personally?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about her relationship with Mary Breckinridge and Breckinridge's father. She talks about the nurses and other FNS staff and their daily work.

Keywords: Babies; Clifton Rodes Breckinridge; Clinics; Cooks; Couriers; Cows; Horses; Jake Morgan; Lula Morgan; Maids; Major Breckinridge; Mary Breckinridge; Post offices; Pregnancy; Typical day; Wendover (Ky.)

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Childbirth; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Maternal health services.; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Midwifery--Appalachian Region; Midwives--Appalachian Region; Nurses; Rural health services

GPS: Wendover (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.126389, -83.362778
00:21:41 - Boarders and local hospitality

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Partial Transcript: Do you remember any stories that--or tales that's been handed down through your family about, uh, them coming to, uh, to, to Leslie County?

Segment Synopsis: Baker talks about local men who hid in the woods to avoid the draft during World War I, and says they were assisted by other local people. She talks about men transporting goods on wagons who would board at her mother's house. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Boarders; Boardinghouses; Civil War; Draft dodgers; Hospitality; Meals; Neighbors; Payment; Staves; Stories; Stoves; Survival; Wagoners; Wagons; World War I

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Country life; Neighborliness.; Transportation--Kentucky; World War, 1914-1918