Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Hosea Feltner, April 23, 1979

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:02 - Early childhood memories

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Hosea Feltner for the Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project by Sadie W. Stidham, at ten o’clock, on April the twenty-third, at Keavy.

Segment Synopsis: Feltner discusses her early childhood years and explains her experiences associated with attending a one-room school. She goes on to discusses her ancestry and heritage as well as her family’s journey to Kentucky.

Keywords: Ancestors; Books; Chores; Elementary schools; Family; Flackey (Ky.); Games; John D. Bowling; Jump-rope; Locals; Lunches; McGuffey Readers

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Childhood; Elementary school environment.; Elementary school teachers; Families.; Family histories.; Games; Genealogy--Appalachian Region; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Rural children; Rural schools--Kentucky; Songs

00:08:28 - Young adult social life

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Partial Transcript: And then you went to Hyden till you--

Segment Synopsis: Feltner describes living in Hyden, Kentucky as a teenager and provides further details about her high school experience. She discusses her hobbies and pastimes, which included an annual trip to the famous “Devil’s Track” in Hyden, Kentucky.

Keywords: Devils Track; Eastern Kentucky University; High schools; Hyden (Ky.); Joe Hartin; Marriage; Rock formations; Whirl hole

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Country life; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Recreation; Rural churches; Rural conditions

00:11:10 - Church life in Hyden (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: What about the churches in Hyden? What--

Segment Synopsis: Feltner talks about the churches in Hyden, Kentucky while she was growing up, and the various events they held. She discusses her involvement and experiences with the Baptist Young People’s Union. She iterates how her participation in graveyard meetings, church services and Sunday school helped fill her free time as a developing teenager.

Keywords: B.Y.P.U.; Baptist Church; Baptist Young People's Union (Southern Baptist Convention); Baptists; Billy Bowers; Church services; Graveyard meetings; Ministers; Preacher Porter; Preachers; Presbyterian Church; Presbyterians; Sunday school

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Baptist Young People's Union (Southern Baptist Convention); Country life; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Recreation; Religion; Rural churches; Rural conditions

00:14:35 - National events and local politics

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Partial Transcript: Tell me about the roads in, in, in, in Hyden and around Hyden when you were growing up.

Segment Synopsis: Feltner expresses the range of emotions she and her family underwent when coping with the challenges brought on by the Great Depression, the Flu Epidemic, and their aftermath. She also discusses the shooting that occurred in Hyden, Kentucky, as well as the reactions of the townspeople.

Keywords: Blue Wing Hotel; Deaths; Floods; Flu; Flu epidemics; Great Depression, 1929; Lena Roberts; Liquor; Murders; Roads; Speeches; The Depression

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Elections; Hyden (Ky.); Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919; Kentucky; Kentucky--Politics and government; Love-letters; Medicine; Rural conditions

00:21:51 - County officials and employees in Hyden (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: Who, who were some of the first county officers that you can remember?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner recalls some of the county officials and employees that were elected or worked for the city of Hyden, Kentucky while she was young.

Keywords: Adam Feltner; Dave Steels; Elected officials; Isaac Hoskins; Isaac Turner; Jack Duff; Joe Morgan; Joe Murel; John Asher; John B. Begley; John Sizemore; Lena Roberts; Mary Hoskins; Rufus Roberts; Sylvania Duff

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Circuit courts; County attorneys; County officials and employees; Elections; Hyden (Ky.); Judges; Kentucky; Kentucky--Politics and government; Leslie County (Ky.); Sheriffs

00:26:10 - Doctors in Hyden (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: Now, a what--what about the medical, uh, service on Flackey and around Hyden when you, you were young?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner discusses the treatments used during her adolescence in Hyden, Kentucky by local doctors. She also mentions how "granny women" doled out herbal and home remedy treatments when doctors were too far away.

Keywords: "Granny women"; Catnip tea; Doctors; Dr. Baker; Dr. Bob Ray; Dr. Eversole; Dr. Maggard; Dr. Minor; Herbs; Home remedies; Joe Cecil; Superstitions; Worms

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Country life; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medicine; Medicine, Rural; Physicians--Kentucky; Rural conditions; Rural health services; Rural health--Kentucky; Traditional medicine; Traditional music

00:32:38 - Feltner’s experiences with The Frontier Nursing Service

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Partial Transcript: What do you remember about the, uh, establishment of the Frontier Nursing Service?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner recalls her experiences with the Frontier Nursing Service, as well as the doctors who helped her and her family during her childbirth and her brother’s battle with cancer.

Keywords: 1923; Betty Lester; Cancer; Doctors; Dr. Guther; Dr. Minor; Dr. Redwine; Home births; Mrs. Breckinridge; Nurses; Teachers

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Country life; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Leslie County (Ky.); Maternal health services.; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medicine; Medicine, Rural; Physicians--Kentucky; Rural conditions; Rural health services; Rural health--Kentucky

00:37:33 - Teaching and the roads in Hyden (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: Uh, Hosea, after, after you, uh, finished high school and you started teaching, uh, tell me something about your teaching experience in Leslie County.

Segment Synopsis: Feltner relays her experience as a teacher. She then recalls the development of infrastructure over time in Hyden, Kentucky.

Keywords: Earl King; Government projects; Herald Hoskins; Horses; Mail; Marriage; Martha Sizemore; Paths; Pearl Estridge; Pot belly stoves; Rock-house; Sewing Project; Trails; Wagons; Work Projects Administration (WPA); Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Leslie County (Ky.); Perry County (Ky.); Roads--Kentucky; Rural conditions; Rural roads; Teachers--Kentucky; Teaching

00:44:57 - Feltner as a teacher 

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Partial Transcript: Well, what about the, the board that you pay? How much did it cost you to stay?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner discusses her living arrangements while teaching in Hyden, Kentucky. She compares the differences between popular teaching styles while she was young and the teaching styles that she herself implemented.

Keywords: "Skip to My Lou"; Activity games; Children; Colleges; Games; Grades; Jump rope; Kindergarten; Music; Orphans; Primers; Quiet games; Readers; Singing games; Songs

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Recreation; Rural children; Rural conditions; Teachers--Kentucky; Teaching

00:48:41 - How Feltner's family came to Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Can you remember any stories that’s been handed down, uh, from your ancestors about how they came into Kentucky?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner traces her family’s origin and path to Kentucky, where they eventually planted roots. She goes on to list prominent local families in the community where she grew up.

Keywords: Ancestors; Ashley family; Brewers family; Engineers; McKinney family; Nancy family; Rob Pace; Stores; Stories and tales

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Families.; Family histories.; Genealogy--Appalachian Region; Kentucky

00:51:23 - Feltner’s memories of Leslie County (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: Hosea, what events or people stand out in your memory of Leslie County?

Segment Synopsis: Feltner speaks about her memories of Leslie County. She recalls the hard times the Great Depression and World War One brought upon her family and everyone within the community. She remembers opening up her own secondhand shoe and clothing store to help bring in extra money to support her family. She also recalls the construction of Hyden Elementary School, as well as the first doctor to reside in the county.

Keywords: Appalachia; Basketball; Business; Congressional Medal of Honor; Doctors; Dr. Eversole; Fair; Fourth of July; Great Depression, 1929; Hazard, Kentucky; Health department; Healthcare; Horses; Hospitals; House calls; Hyden Elementary School; Immunizations; Machine guns; Medal of Honor; Mining coal; Money; Moonlight schools; Nurses; Reading; School children; Secondhand clothing; Secondhand shoes; Sewing Project; Shoe displays; Shoe stores; The Depression; The Great Depression; Toilets; Transportation; WW1; William Feltner; Work Projects Administration (WPA); Works Progress Administration (WPA); World War I; World War One; Writing

Subjects: Adult education--Kentucky; Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--History; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Education--History; Families.; Hazard (Ky.); Hyden (Ky.); Kentucky; Mount Sterling (Ky.); Physicians--Kentucky; Rural conditions; World War, 1914-1918