Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Zaydee DeJonge Harris, June 14, 1979

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:02 - Introduction to the American Committee for Devastated France (C.A.R.D.)

Play segment

Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Mrs. Zaydee DeJonge Harris for the Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project...

Segment Synopsis: Zaydee DeJonge Harris is introduced. She talks about visiting the Metropolitan Museum in New York with an art class as a young woman, and talks about how that trip introduced her to the American Committee for Devastated France. She talks about how she joined the organization.

Keywords: American Committee for Devastated France (C.A.R.D.); Anne Morgan; Art classes; Mothers; New York Metropolitan Museum of Art; Permission

Subjects: Morgan, Anne Tracy, 1873-1952; New York (N.Y.); Volunteers

GPS: New York (N.Y.)
Map Coordinates: 40.7127, -74.0059
00:06:31 - Working with C.A.R.D. in France

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So I went in June.

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks about her experiences in France with the American Committee for Devastated France. She talks about the nurses and mechanics she worked with as a chauffeur. She tells a story about Mary Breckinridge taking her to dinner with a countess.

Keywords: American Committee for Devastated France (C.A.R.D.); Cars; Chauffeurs; Countesses; District nursing; Gladys Peacock; Louise Dolan (??); Louise barney; Mary Breckinridge; Mechanics; Nurses; Vic-sur-Aisne (France); WWI; World War I

Subjects: American Committee for Devastated France; Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Volunteers; World War, 1914-1918

GPS: Vic-sur-Aisne (France)
Map Coordinates: 49.4064, 3.1156
00:17:06 - Mary Breckinridge's divorce

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Could you recount the story that you told me, uh, before dinner?

Segment Synopsis: Harris tells the story of Mary Breckinridge announcing to the local people of France that she was divorcing her second husband, Richard Thompson.

Keywords: France; Leave of absence; Local people; Mary Breckinridge; Name changes; Richard Ryan Thompson; Sales; Supplies

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Divorce; Marriage; World War, 1914-1918

GPS: Vic-sur-Aisne (France)
Map Coordinates: 49.4064, 3.1156
00:21:31 - Working with Mary Breckinridge

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I can't think of the woman's name.

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks about her trip to the Frontier Nursing Service headquarters at Wendover to work for Mrs. Breckinridge. She talks about Breckinridge's meetings, and her fundraising speeches.

Keywords: Annual meetings; Committees; Cousins; Cruises; Diplomatic; Driving; Droughts; Fundraising; Lexington Country Club; Mary Breckinridge; Red Cross; Speeches; Wendover (Ky.)

Subjects: Benefactors; Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Charity; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical centers--Administration; Philanthropists

GPS: Wendover (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.126389, -83.362778
00:27:30 - Connections between C.A.R.D. and the Frontier Nursing Service

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, go back to, to the time that you were in France for a few minutes.

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks about the nursing centers run by the American Committee for Devastated France, and how they were the forerunners of the Frontier Nursing Service centers. She talks about the services offered by both the FNS and C.A.R.D., Mary Breckinridge's role in both organizations, and more about the staff.

Keywords: American Committee for Devastated France (C.A.R.D.); Anne Morgan; Chauffeurs; Cigarettes; Films; Franco-American Museum, Château de Blérancourt; Gladys Peacock; Homes; Houses; Lectures; Librarians; Libraries; Living conditions; Marvin Breckinridge Patterson; Mary Breckinridge; Musée Blérancourt (France); Nursing centers; Publicity; Smoking; Staff; Uniforms

Subjects: American Committee for Devastated France; Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; France; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical care; Morgan, Anne Tracy, 1873-1952; Nurses; Nursing; Rural conditions

GPS: Vic-sur-Aisne (France)
Map Coordinates: 49.4064, 3.1156
00:41:16 - Mary Breckinridge's personal life

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You said earlier that Mrs. Breckinridge's first husband died of appendicitis?

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks about various aspects of Mrs. Breckinridge's personal life, including both of her husbands and her relationships with them, how she was affected by the death of her children, and her disinterest in dating other men after her divorce.

Keywords: "Thompy"; Appendicitis; Clifford Breckinridge Thompson ("Breckie"); Clothes; Dating; Daughters; Fashion; Guilt; Hair color; Hairstyles; Henry Ruffner Morrison; Husbands; Inspiration; Men; Nicknames; Photographs; Richard Ryan Thompson; Sons

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Clothing and dress.; Divorce; Families.; Interpersonal relations.; Marriage

00:47:39 - The people of Leslie County, Kentucky

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Oh I remember one story she used to tell. This is really a good one.

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks about her visit to Kentucky and how her experiences compared with her expectations. She talks about the living conditions in Leslie County, and compares the people to those she met while working with C.A.R.D. in France.

Keywords: Changes; Expectations; Hospitals; Hotels; Illiteracy; Illiterate; Kentucky; Lectures; Lexington (Ky.); Living conditions; Local people; Progress; Running water

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Education--Kentucky; Leslie County (Ky.); Rural children; Rural conditions

GPS: Leslie County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.09, -83.38
00:52:42 - Death of nurse Nancy O'Driscoll

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now, you were with Nancy O'Driscoll?

Segment Synopsis: Harris tells the story of going on rounds with one of the FNS nurses, Nancy O'Driscoll, the day she became ill due to an appendicitis. She says O'Driscoll died three days later.

Keywords: Advertising; Appendicitis; Death; Horseback riding; Illnesses; Mary Breckinridge; Nancy O'Driscoll; Penicillin

Subjects: Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Nurses; Nursing; Rural health services

GPS: Leslie County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.09, -83.38
00:56:45 - Mary Breckinridge's leadership

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But, uh, uh, I, I wish I could think of more things that wonderful woman did that--

Segment Synopsis: Harris talks more about her relationship with Mary Breckinridge, and Breckinridge's personality. She talks more about Breckinridge's role in C.A.R.D. and the FNS. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: American Committee for Devastated France (C.A.R.D.); Anne Morgan; Compassion; France; Great Depression; Mary Breckinridge; Personality; Promoters; Providence; Wendover (Ky.)

Subjects: American Committee for Devastated France; Breckinridge, Mary, 1881-1965; Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Morgan, Anne Tracy, 1873-1952