Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Jarvis Taylor, July 22, 1979

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:23 - Introduction of Jarvis Taylor

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview with Jarvis Taylor for the Frontier Nursing Service Oral History Project by Sadie W. Stidham...

Segment Synopsis: Jarvis Taylor is introduced. He shares history on when and where he was born, as well as his prior life before coming to Leslie County. He describes his life growing up as a very hard time.

Keywords: Ancestors; Birth; December; Molasses; Parents

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Bell County (Ky.); Frontier Nursing Service, Inc.; Struggle

00:02:58 - Education

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Partial Transcript: Uh, when you were growing up, what kind of school did you attend?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about when he moved to Leslie County. He also discusses the education he received, as well as where it took place. He briefly goes into detail on the genders of his teachers and his school experiences.

Keywords: Books; Coal; John Dee Wall; Red Bird (Ky.); Schools; Teachers; Wood

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Education; Leslie County (Ky.)

00:06:43 - Labor in the community

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Partial Transcript: What was the name of the post office there at Phillips Fork?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about the businesses that existed in his town, who owned them, their jobs, etc. He also briefly talks about the meals he had every day. Taylor shares that some of the work he had over the years were jobs that continued into his adulthood.

Keywords: Blacksmith; Community; Cornbread; Crosscut saws; Farms; Jobs; Logs; Meals; Mules; Phillips Fork; Post offices; Stores

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Employment--Kentucky; Labor; Work

00:10:28 - Aspects of daily life

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Partial Transcript: Yeah, but you weren't sick--(Taylor coughs)--you weren't sick too much were you, back then?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about the health status of his family, along with the people in his community. He moves back into the work aspects with his father and describes a little more in depth how his work conditions were. Taylor then begins talking about the role women played in this timeperiod.

Keywords: Canning and preserving; Daily roles; Girls; Healthy; Housewives; Supper boxes

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Daily life; Health; Log cabins; Men

00:13:50 - Hometown traditions

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Partial Transcript: Uh, what about, um, uh, the music? Uh, did, did you play any kind of musical instrument?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about hometown traditions. He talks about the musical, religious, and holiday aspects, along with how each of them is celebrated among his town and in his personal life.

Keywords: Christmas; Churches; Molasses; Music; Weddings

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Religion; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Baptism; Holidays; Religion

00:18:37 - Community deaths

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Partial Transcript: Alright, can you remember, back when people--(Taylor coughs)--uh, died, how they, how--did they have to make their, their coffins?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor describes how coffins were made in the 19th century. He also says that many coffins, graves, etc. were not durable for long because it was during a war, and many bombings occurred.

Keywords: Bombing; Die; Harvey Almond; Joe Smith; Lumber

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Caskets; Coffins; Death

00:24:09 - Urbanization comes to Leslie County (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: Uh, what about, uh, telephones in there? Were there a lot of telephones?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about the new inventions that made their way into Leslie County (Ky.). He shares stories of times when he first experienced bigger roads, telephones, radios, and the first car.

Keywords: Airplanes; Gillus Ozman; Needs; New; Work Projects Administration (WPA); Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Cars; Leslie County (Ky.); Radio; Technological innovations; Technology

00:26:06 - Farm lifestyle

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Partial Transcript: What about, uh--can you remember your parents or grandparents shearing sheep?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor tells about the other ways he made a living. Together, he and his wife raised many animals that supplied them with most of what they needed in order to live, along with canning goods that would last until the next harvesting period.

Keywords: Cows; Hogs; Sheep; Storage; Trapping; Wool

Subjects: Animals; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Canning and preserving; Farm life--Appalachian Region; Food; Hunting; Rural conditions; Subsistence farming; Traditional farming--Kentucky

00:33:03 - Hometown politics

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Partial Transcript: Uh, what about the politics in, in your community?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about the political aspects of his community. The biggest election was school elections for the board of trustees. He describes the process of voting during the 19th century in Kentucky, as well as officials involved, and their process for counting the votes.

Keywords: Board of trustees; George Wooten; Schools; Voting; Wiley Keene

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Community; Elections; Kentucky--Politics and government; Politics

00:36:54 - Murders in Leslie County (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: What about killings in Leslie County?

Segment Synopsis: Taylor tells the story of the young girl known for accidentally shooting a boy, which resulted in his death. The young girl was tried in court, sentenced ten years, and placed in a correction home.

Keywords: Accidents; Courts; John Asher; Murders; Prosecutors; Trial by jury

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Death; Killing; Leslie County (Ky.); United States--Trials, litigation, etc.

00:38:38 - Floods, wars, and flu

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Partial Transcript: What about floods? Were there floods up in there where you--

Segment Synopsis: Taylor talks about the terrible flu outbreak, which occurred during World War One. He tells stories of the times when he had to take care of his family, along with all of their responsibilities. He also goes into the Great Depression and how times were very hard for his family. He concludes the interview by talking about the medical care available in Leslie County.

Keywords: Bell County (Ky.); Flu; Great Depression; Outbreaks; War; World War I; World War II

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Influenza Epidemic, 1918-1919; Leslie County (Ky.); Medical care; World War, 1914-1918; World War, 1939-1945