Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Evelyn Williams, June 26, 1983

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Local families / race relations in Redfox, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Um, "Amazing Grace."

Segment Synopsis: Williams discusses some of the history of the town of Redfox, Kentucky. She also speaks on the coal mining industry and the effect it had on Blacks living in town.

Keywords: "Amazing Grace"; Adams family; Baptist church; Breeding family; Coal mines; Coal mining; Combs family; Families; Family history; Hymns; Labor; Racism; Redfox (Ky.); Slavery; Williams family

Subjects: African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Relations with Jews; African Americans--Religion; African Americans--Social conditions; Coal--Kentucky; Discrimination in employment; Family history; Race relations--Kentucky; Racially mixed people; Racism

00:10:59 - Churches in town

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Partial Transcript: Well now, um, what, what, what, what church do you belong to?

Segment Synopsis: Williams discusses the many churches and religious denominations in town. She also describes her marriage to her husband and his work in the coal mines.

Keywords: Baptist churches; Church membership; Church services; Churches; Coal fields; Coal industry; Coal mines; Husband; Marriage; Moving; Presbyterian churches; Relocation; Reverend Hagam

Subjects: African Americans--Conduct of life; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Religion; Religious denominations

00:22:32 - Segregation in Redfox / economic conditions

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Partial Transcript: How is it that they were able to have church services together but they couldn't go to school together?

Segment Synopsis: Williams discusses race relations in Redfox. She also discusses the history of segregation in town and the current economic conditions of the Black community.

Keywords: Affirmative Action; Black Lung; Church; Coal industry; Coal miners; Disability benefits; Miner's pensions; Public schools; School integration; Segregation; Social Security

Subjects: African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Health and hygiene; African Americans--Religion; African Americans--Social conditions; Race relations--Kentucky; Segregation; Social security beneficiaries--United States

00:34:20 - Meter singing / founding churches / slavery and family history

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Partial Transcript: Um, do you know of, uh, anything about, um--you--do you sing...

Segment Synopsis: Williams discusses her memory of line hymns, and some of her family history.

Keywords: African Methodist Episcopal churches; Family history; Freedmen; Freemen; Knoxville (Tenn.); Methodist churches; Preachers; Religious music; Singing; Slavery

Subjects: African American churches; African American families; African Americans--Social conditions; Christianity; Family histories.; Religion; Slavery, abolition, and emancipation

00:41:10 - Blacks in Redfox / more on churches in town

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Partial Transcript: What is the, uh, say here in Redfox, what do say would be the average income for, say, the Black family?

Segment Synopsis: Williams discusses the economic conditions of Black families in town. She also speaks on the different churches and ethnic groups in the town of Redfox.

Keywords: Baptist churches; Catholics; Church services; Coal industry; Coal mines; Congregations; Jehovah's Witnesses; Neighborhoods; Presbyterian churches; Religious denominations; Strip mining

Subjects: African Americans--Conduct of life; African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Relations with Italians; African Americans--Religion; African Americans--Social conditions; Coal--Kentucky; Race relations--Kentucky; Religion