Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Marshall Webb, January 16, 1986

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:20 - Interview introduction

Play segment

Partial Transcript: It's January the 16th, 1986. I'm in Taylor County in the home of Mr. Marshall Webb...

Segment Synopsis: Colonel Kelly provides a partial_transcript of Marshall Webb's World War II experiences.

Keywords: Africa; Austria; Czechoslovakia; Italy; concentration camps

Subjects: Dachau (Concentration camp); World War, 1939-1945--Veterans; World War, 1939-1945.

00:01:05 - Coming across a concentration camp following liberation

Play segment

Partial Transcript: ...Let's just start right at that point and tell us what you saw at the camp and...

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes a concentration camp outside of Munich (likely Dachau). He includes a physical description of the camp's layout and its buildings. He discusses the function of the buildings. While he did not take part in the liberation of the camp, his unit arrived in the days after liberation. He describes a ditch around the camp that was filled with corpses.

Keywords: Dachau (Germany); Holocaust; barracks; buildings; casualties; civilians; concentration camps; death; ditches; garbage; soldiers; train tracks; trains; trash

Subjects: Battle casualties; Concentration camp buildings; Concentration camps--Germany; Dachau (Concentration camp).; Holocaust victims.; Merano (Italy).

GPS: Dachau Concentration Camp (Dachau, Germany)
Map Coordinates: 48.27199,11.46481
00:06:02 - A building used for gassing or cremation / corpses in a ditch

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But on the inside, that's where they...

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes a building in the concentration camp he visited (likely Dachau) that he suspected was used for gassing or cremation. He continues to describe the bodies in the ditch around the compound and their nationalities, as evidenced by their uniforms.

Keywords: American soldiers; British soldiers; French soldiers; German soldiers; Russians; civilians; clothing; corpses; cremation; fingernails; furnaces; gassing; genocide; hair; killing; photographs; rings; soldiers; uniforms; valuables; watches

Subjects: Concentration camp buildings.; Concentration camps--Germany.

GPS: Dachau Concentration Camp (Dachau, Germany)
Map Coordinates: 48.27199,11.46481
00:12:05 - Finding corpses in box cars

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Uh, but now, in this... there was a big, huge gate in this fence where a train could come right into this compound...

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells how he and other soldiers found corpses piled up in box cars and gondola cars in a part of the concentration camp (likely Dachau). He says that he suspected some of the people were still alive when they were put in the box cars.

Keywords: boxcars; captains; coffee pots; corpses; food; gondola cars; trains

Subjects: Concentration camps--Germany.; Dachau (Concentration camp).; Holocaust victims.

GPS: Dachau Concentration Camp (Dachau, Germany)
Map Coordinates: 48.27199,11.46481
00:15:48 - Mission in Germany after VE-Day / trying to identify the camp Webb went to

Play segment

Partial Transcript: When you get to the camp... first of all, how did you get to the camp? Why were you there?

Segment Synopsis: Webb discusses his mission to pick up "straggling" German soldiers who had not yet surrendered. Colonel Kelly tries to ascertain whether or not Dachau was the camp Webb mentioned earlier, but Webb does not recall the name.

Keywords: 2nd Battalion; 339th Infantry Regiment; 85th Infantry Division; Austria; Bavaria; Company E; Germany; Moso (Italy); Munich; companies; rivers; soldiers; squad leaders; staff sergeant; trucks

Subjects: Concentration camps--Germany.; Dachau (Concentration camp).; Danube River.; Merano (Italy).; Munich (Germany).; World War, 1939-1945--Austria.

00:21:39 - Approaching the concentration camp

Play segment

Partial Transcript: After you went to that camp, where did you go to?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about coming upon the concentration camp (likely Dachau).

Keywords: Company E; concentration camps; liberation; platoons; rumors; squad leaders; staff sergeants; walking

Subjects: Austria.; Concentration camps--Germany.; Dachau (Concentration camp).; Germany.; Merano (Italy).

GPS: Dachau Concentration Camp (Dachau, Germany)
Map Coordinates: 48.27199,11.46481
00:25:53 - Initial arrival at the concentration camp / rumors of liberation

Play segment

Partial Transcript: As you're approaching this thing now... I'm just trying to let the world see it through your eyes...

Segment Synopsis: Webb gives his impressions of coming upon the concentration camp (likely Dachau). He states that he didn't know what to expect going in, but had heard about the concentration camps earlier in the war. He states that he and others expected to liberate it, as they had other places.

Keywords: Canadians; German soldiers; Holocaust; Jews; buildings; combat formation; concentration camps; gassing; liberation; marching; skirmishers; soldiers; terrain

Subjects: Concentration camps--Germany.; Dachau (Concentration camp).; Holocaust victims.; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Germany.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 48.27199, 11.46481
00:31:10 - Impression of the camp from afar / finding corpses

Play segment

Partial Transcript: What did you and your squad do at this point now?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about the buildings that were a part of the camp, and emphasizes the stark difference between the shacks and the main building. He describes finding a large number of corpses and states that he was on the scene before there was time to bury any of them.

Keywords: German soldiers; Smith; bodies; bones; buildings; burial; cameras; corpses; curiosity; ditches; guards; officers; orders; photographs; smells; squads; tags; tar paper shacks

Subjects: Concentration camp buildings.; Dachau (Concentration camp); Holocaust victims.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 48.27199, 11.46481
00:35:07 - Emotional reaction to the Holocaust

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, what are you learning from this experience?

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes his feelings about the war, German soldiers and the Holocaust. He talks about how he and others reacted to the atrocities that they came across, and remembers a friend of his who broke down crying at the sight.

Keywords: German soldiers; Holocaust; SS; Thomas McInerney (??); alcohol; anger; crying; cursing; drunkenness; emotional reactions; friends; propaganda

Subjects: Dachau (Concentration camp).; Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945.; Holocaust victims.; World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities--Germany; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 48.27199, 11.46481
00:40:19 - Traveling back to Merano / photographs taken at the concentration camp / homesickness

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I don't know why, but we was there a very, very short time.

Segment Synopsis: Webb discusses his returning to Merano after discovering the concentration camp. He talks about some of the photographs that he took at the camp and how he got them developed. He also talks about the fact that many of the GIs were ready to be done with the war at that point.

Keywords: captains; corpses; death; developing photographs; homesickness; objectives; photographs; pictures; reactions; roads; smell; soldiers; squad leaders; stench; stories; traveling; trucks

Subjects: Austria.; Italy.; Merano (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.67129, 11.15252
00:48:06 - Webb's brother / coming back from the camp

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And we got back to Merano, Austria, we was...

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about his brother, who was also in Italy for a while. He continues to describe coming back to Austria from the camp.

Keywords: "repple depple town"; 106th Ack-Ack; 45th Division; Rome; brothers; developing photographs; headquarters; photographs; supplies

Subjects: Austria.; Italy.; Merano (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.67129, 11.15252
00:52:09 - Attacking the Gustav line from Tremensuoli / a poem

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Getting to your most unusual battle...

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about pushing off from Tremensuoli to attack the Gustav line. He shares a poem that he wrote the day before the attack.

Keywords: "Castle 40"; English Eighth Army; Fifth Army; Gustav line; Tremensuoli (Italy); castles; poems; poetry; scouts

Subjects: Gothic Line (Italy).; Italy.; Salerno (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.26300, 13.72470
00:57:16 - Tremensuoli and the surrounding area / the death of a comrade

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Okay. What's the biggest town in that general area?

Segment Synopsis: Webb and Colonel Kelly discuss the geography of Tremensuoli and the area surrounding it. Webb also tells how a comrade died in his arms during the attack on the Gustav line.

Keywords: "Castle 40"; Florence; German soldiers; Germans; Gustav Line; Highway 6; Highway 7; Tremensuoli (Italy); abbey; attacking; gunfire; rivers

Subjects: Cassino (Italy).; Garigliano River (Italy).; United States. Army.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.49086, 13.83333
01:01:45 - A German counterattack / promotion to sergeant

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Because of a counterattack, a German counterattack?

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells how a German counterattack pushed the American forces back to Tremensuoli. He also shares the story of how he was promoted from private first class to sergeant.

Keywords: DeBall (??); German army; German counterattacks; PFC; Tremensuoli (Italy); battles; casualties; counterattacks; inexperience; private first class; squad leaders; squads

Subjects: Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.26300, 13.72470
01:05:36 - Tremensuoli by daylight / view of the Gustav line

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Before you jump off, describe what that line looked like during the daylight hours.

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes what Tremensuoli and the surrounding area looked like during the daytime. He also describes what the Gustav Line looked like in detail and talks about the German fortifications there.

Keywords: "pill boxes"; German military; Germans; Gustav Line; Tremensuoli (Italy); black sheets; bunkers; defensive lines; foxholes; geography; hills; machine guns; objectives; railroad tracks; terrain; topography; trenches

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; World War, 1939-1945--Italy.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.26300, 13.72470
01:10:03 - "No man's land" and the Gustav line

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. Was it... was between the two lines, was it...

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes the "no man's land" between where he was posted and where the Germans were. He also talks about his company and the casualties that they sustained.

Keywords: "no man's land"; E Company; F Company; barbed wire; casualties; companies; grass; hills; oceans; towns; traveling; trees

Subjects: Fondi (Italy).; Italy.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 13.42806, 41.34859
01:13:01 - Initial artillery fire on the Germans

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Where, where... when you started out, just... at eleven o'clock...

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about initial artillery fire and the advance on the Germans as a part of taking the Gustav line on May 11th, 1944.

Keywords: Gustav Line; artillery; artillery shells; darkness; explosions; fear; first scouts; guns; light; machine guns; mines; mortars; scouts; skirmish lines; young men

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; Italy.; United States. Army.

01:17:45 - A German minefield / Bangalore torpedoes

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. When you get down in the valley and you start coming...

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes going through a minefield as part of the attack on the Gustav line. He also talks about Bangalore torpedoes, which were used to clear mines and obstacles.

Keywords: Bangalore teams; Bangalore torpedoes; German mines; barbed wire; casualties; hills; minefields; mines; mortars; orders; shells; wounds

Subjects: World War, 1939-1945--Italy.

01:21:17 - Removing uniform stripes to avoid being shot / weapons used against the Germans and the push up the hill

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Let me, let me bring this in right at this point.

Segment Synopsis: Webb states that all of the sergeants and corporals took off their stripes to avoid being shot at because they were leaders. He talks about the push up the hill to the Germans and some of the weapons that were employed against them (the Germans).

Keywords: "pill boxes"; German soldiers; barbed wire; bazookas; company commanders; corporals; flamethrowers; injuries; leaders; lieutenants; minefields; orders; respect; sergeants; shoe mines; shooting; wounds

Subjects: Military weapons.

01:25:02 - Attacking a larger bunker

Play segment

Partial Transcript: To where... the point that I was going to, there was a larger pillbox.

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells how he and others attacked a larger bunker or "pill box" as a part of the attack on the Gustav line.

Keywords: "pill boxes"; German soldiers; Germans; Gustav Line; battlefield noise; bunkers; camouflage; casualties; death; flamethrowers; machine guns; platoon sergeants; screaming; shooting; terrain

Subjects: Bunkers (Fortification).; Germany. Heer.

01:29:15 - Witnessing the death of a fellow soldier / taking a bunker

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But when we got up here to this certain spot...

Segment Synopsis: Webb further discusses the other soldier who was fatally wounded by a mortar and died in his (Webb's) arms. He states that they took the bunker and that they stopped there for the rest of the night.

Keywords: "pill boxes"; Gustav Line; bazookas; buildings; casualties; concrete buildings; death; hills; machine guns; mortar shells; poems; poetry; rifles; small arms fire; trenches

Subjects: Battle casualties.; Bunkers (Fortification).; Military weapons.

01:32:45 - F Company / heavy casualties

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. How long are you going to sit there before you get a counterattack?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about F Company, who were with his company and were completely killed or captured while attacking the Gustav line. He also talks about the heavy casualties taken by E Company, his own company.

Keywords: Captain Smith; E Company; F Company; German soldiers; Germans; PFC; casualties; counterattacks; private first class; reorganization; scouts

Subjects: Battle casualties.; Germany. Heer.

01:35:19 - Coming under intense mortar fire / taking cover during the night

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. What were you all doing then? Were you digging holes?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about coming under intense mortar fire and how he and the other soldiers protected themselves from it. He states that he took cover inside of a small concrete building and shares what he did while he waited there.

Keywords: Gustav Line; ammunition; attacks; automatic weapons; buildings; digging holes; field telephones; hills; mortars; orders; taking cover; telephone linemen; telephone wires

Subjects: Battle casualties.

01:38:54 - Waiting for the counterattack

Play segment

Partial Transcript: ...Deep down we knew that before daylight come that we was going to get a counterattack.

Segment Synopsis: Webb shares what he was doing while waiting for the Germans to counterattack. He tells why he almost never ran out of ammunition as a soldier.

Keywords: Christianity; German military; Germans; Gustav Line; M1 carbine; ammunition; bandoliers; bravery; canteens; cigarettes; counterattacks; fear; leather pouches; praying; religious beliefs; shaking

Subjects: Ammunition.; Germany. Heer.; Military weapons.

01:44:14 - The German counterattack / withdrawing from the attack

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Okay. Do the counterattack right fast. Let's go through that.

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes the German counterattack after the Allied attack on the Gustav line. He tells how he dragged his captain back with him to the American lines. The captain had stepped on a shoe mine previously.

[a woman is talking in the background]

Keywords: 88th Infantry Division (United States); E Company; German military; Germans; Gustav Line; Tremensuoli (Italy); artillery; captains; casualties; companies; counterattacks; lieutenants; mines; mortars; reinforcements; replacements; shoe mines; shooting; terrain; withdrawal

Subjects: Battle casualties.; Germany. Heer.; Grenades.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.26300, 13.72470
01:50:17 - Rescuing a captain / the German counterattack and German casualties

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But, now, here again... but when we got back, the Germans quit.

Segment Synopsis: Webb continues to tell the story of how he and another soldier rescued their captain, despite him saying that they ought to go on without him. He also talks about concerns that the German counterattack would push them out of Italy entirely. He shares why this did not happen.

Keywords: German soldiers; Germans; Supermarine Spitfire; Tremensuoli (Italy); aircraft; airplanes; bombings; captains; casualties; counterattacks; injuries; promotions; rescues; sergeants; strafing; wounds

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; Italy.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.26300, 13.72470
01:55:09 - Exhaustion / feelings and the aftermath of the battle / promotion to sergeant

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You mean they brought in a lot of reinforcements?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about his exhaustion after the battle, his feelings about surviving it, and what happened afterwards. He also tells the story of his being promoted to sergeant.

Keywords: E Company; Harold Gertis (??); K-rations; anti-tank guns; captains; exhaustion; fear; mortars; night battles; promotions; recruits; reenforcement; sergeants; sleep; squad leaders; tanks

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; Military weapons.

02:00:19 - Squad members / the destruction of Fondi

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So when do you all move out the next day?

Segment Synopsis: Webb discusses the other people who were in the squad that he led after his promotion. He also talks about casualties resulting from the bombing of Fondi, Italy.

Keywords: German soldiers; Harold Gertis (??); Thomas McInerney (??); Thomas Webling (??); Tremensuoli (Italy); airplanes; artillery; bodies; casualties; corpses; death; destruction; evening; soldiers; squads; train tracks; trains

Subjects: Battle casualties.; Fondi (Italy).; Germany. Heer.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.34859, 13.42806
02:04:38 - Being stopped by the Germans at Itri

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Okay. All right, now, what happens on the thirteenth, then?

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells how the Americans were stopped by the German army at the small town of Itri, Italy.

Keywords: German soldiers; Highway Six; K-rations; Tremensuoli (Italy); artillery; bayonets; casualties; food; hills; lunch; singing; tank destroyers; tanks; war; whistling

Subjects: Cassino (Italy).; Fondi (Italy).; Germany. Heer.; Italy.; Itri (Italy).; United States. Navy.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.29044, 13.53216
02:10:18 - Watching a tank fight in Itri

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You're not getting that tank fire on your own position there, are you?

Segment Synopsis: Webb recounts an incident in which he and his friend watched a tank fight between the Germans and Americans. He also talks about a haystack that was behind them and his shock and fear when a German tank proved to be hiding in it.

Keywords: Highway Six; Thomas McInerney (??); Tiger I; bayonets; camouflage; cigarettes; explosions; fires; haystacks; hills; prisoners; rocks; sergeants; shooting; soldiers; tank fights; tank fire; tanks; tracer bullets

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; Itri (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.29044, 13.53216
02:19:50 - An intentionally ruptured dam

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But from Itri, now, we are heading toward Rome.

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes a dam that the Germans blew up in order to delay and potentially drown some of the Allied forces. He also tells how only two German soldiers were able to hold back a large number of Americans for a day, due to their being situated in a pivotal area.

Keywords: Germans; dams; explosives; lakes; machine guns; orders; tanks

Subjects: Itri (Italy).; Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.29044, 13.53216
02:23:29 - Capturing the two German machine gunners / getting trench foot

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Kind of, kind of describe that terrain again.

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about the capture of two German machine gunners after they held off the Allies for a day or so. He also talks about getting trench foot and being treated at a field hospital.

Keywords: German soldiers; Highway Six; Tremensuoli (Italy); bluffs; feet; field hospitals; machine gunners; machine guns; mortars; shoes; socks; surrenders; tents; terrain; trench foot; valleys

Subjects: Foot--Diseases.; Germany. Heer.

02:28:09 - Traveling to Rome / General Mark Clark

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Was there very much fighting or was it mostly just...

Segment Synopsis: Webb recounts traveling to Rome and the lack of resistance that they met while doing so. He also talks about seeing General Clark walking with the enlisted soldiers.

Keywords: aides; breaks; fighting; generals; guards; small arms fire; snipers; walking

Subjects: Clark, Mark W. (Mark Wayne), 1896-1984.; Gothic Line (Italy).; Rome (Italy).; Tiber River (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
02:31:55 - Entering Rome

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. Just, just tell me some of the buildings you were seeing as you went along.

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes his march through Rome, some of the monuments that he saw there and how the civilian population reacted to the American forces.

Keywords: Italians; Stars and Stripes (newspaper); buildings; civilians; companies; company colors; food; history; marching; prostitutes; pyramids; women

Subjects: Colosseum (Rome, Italy).; Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945.; Pyramid of Cestius (Rome, Italy).Clark, Mark W. (Mark Wayne), 1896-1984.; Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
02:37:08 - Bridges of Rome / Italians taking meat from dead horses

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Okay. I want to ask you something. Have you seen some of those bridges that cross the river?

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes the bridges found in Rome and the sculptures found on them. He also tells a story of finding many dead horses that were used by the Germans, and how the local Italians would take meat off of them (the horses).

Keywords: German soldiers; Italians; Percheron (horse breed); airplanes; bridges; guns; hills; horses; knives; meat; nudity in art; poems; rivers; statues; steaks

Subjects: Battle casualties.; Germany. Heer.; Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
02:41:31 - An Italian with a grenade / German prisoners of war

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Did you see them beat anybody up? Shoot anybody for no reason?

Segment Synopsis: Webb mentions an Italian man who was shot for pulling a grenade. He tells the story of several German prisoners of war who carried an American lieutenant back to the field hospital after he had stepped on a shoe mine.

Keywords: German soldiers; Gustav Line; Italians; field hospitals; lieutenants; mistreatment; prisoners; shoe mines; tanks

Subjects: Grenades.; Prisoners of war, German.; Prisoners of war.; Rome (Italy).

02:44:40 - A prostitute / marching through Rome

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You were talking about that lady being a prostitute from Chicago.

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks a little more about the prostitute whom he met in Rome. He continues to describe the march through Rome and the reaction that the civilians had to the American forces.

Keywords: American soldiers; Italians; K-rations; armies; attention; bands; breaks; cheering; cheese; cognac; eggs; food; liberation; morale; patriotism; pride; prostitutes; units; wine

Subjects: Clark, Mark W. (Mark Wayne), 1896-1984.; Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
02:49:44 - A rest period after marching through Rome

Play segment

Partial Transcript: What time did you get out of Rome?

Segment Synopsis: Webb discusses the several days of rest that he and his unit had after leaving Rome. He alludes to meeting his brother around this time.

Keywords: 88th Infantry Division; Tremensuoli (Italy); air strikes; airplanes; bivouac; bombing; brothers; cooks; food; marching; rest periods; staff sergeants

Subjects: Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
02:52:48 - Webb's reunion with his brother

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Okay. We were, uh, we were drawed back... I don't know, I believe they said it was ten miles south of Rome.

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes the circumstances of meeting up with his brother again after being separated for four years.

Keywords: "Golden"; "Mussolini Park"; 106th anti-aircraft; Richard Golden Webb; brothers; captains; company runners; guns; letters; rest time; siblings

Subjects: Anzio (Italy).; Italy.; Itri (Italy).; Rome (Italy).

02:56:48 - Getting a pass / going on leave with Webb's brother for several days

Play segment

Partial Transcript: He said "Well," he said, "can you get a pass?"

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells how he got a pass to spend time with his brother for several days. He describes what they did during that time.

Keywords: James Givens; Richard Golden Webb; alcohol; company commanders; drinking; entertainment; hotels; passes; restaurants; wheat; wheat shucks

Subjects: Rome (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 41.90151, 12.46077
03:03:15 - Invasion of Sicily / Webb's brother and friend / Oran, Algeria

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You said that you were in the Sicily invasion, did you?

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about the invasion of Sicily, which he did not fight in. He mentions his brother and friend James Givens and tells where they currently are living. He also talks about landing in Casablanca and moving on to Oran, Algeria.

Keywords: 82nd Airborne Division (United States); Africa; Allied invasion of Sicily; Chenoa (Ill.); James Givens; Richard Golden Webb; brothers; friendly fire; friends; prison camps; reserves; ships; storms; supply depot

Subjects: Oran (Algeria).; Salerno (Italy).; Sicily (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 35.69694, -0.63306
03:07:28 - Being strafed at Arzew, Algeria / finding a cousin's initials in St. Denis du Sig

Play segment

Partial Transcript: North of Naples?

Segment Synopsis: Webb briefly mentions "Yellow Beach", which he describes as being north of Naples. He talks about being strafed by a German airplane while he was in Arzew and tells the story of coming across his cousin's initials when he stopped in St. Denis du Sig, Algeria.

Keywords: "Yellow Beach"; Africa; Battle of the Kasserine Pass; German planes; Richard Golden Webb; Russell Pike; St. Denis du Sig; Tunisia; Virgil Albert Pike; aircraft; brothers; buildings; cousins; graffiti; prisoners; steam engines; strafing; tents; trains

Subjects: Arzew (Algeria).; Casablanca (Morocco).; Sig (Algeria).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 35.85000, -0.31667
03:13:21 - The Gothic Line / close call with a mortar shell / a photograph of Hitler

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right. Uh, up to the, uh, Gustav Line.

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about the time that he spent in a town south of the Gothic Line. He tells the story of a mortar shell that failed to go off when it hit the building he was in. He also discusses a picture that he took from the building that he says is of Hitler.

Keywords: cats; corporals; letters; mortar shells; movie stars; occupied towns; photographs; rivers; squads; towns

Subjects: Germany. Heer.; Gothic Line (Italy).; Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945.; Merano (Italy).

03:18:30 - Fighting at the Gothic Line / Andy LeMuir (??)

Play segment

Partial Transcript: But anyway, we was on one side of this river and the Germans was the other side...

Segment Synopsis: Webb recounts fighting in an Italian city south of the Gothic line (possibly Pisa?). He relates a story about securing a building with several other people in his squad.

Keywords: Andy LeMuir (??); Howard Gertis (??); bazookas; buildings; casualties; fighting; horses; machine gun nests; mausoleums; mules; patrols; shooting; supplies; the Fifth Army; wagons; walls

Subjects: Arno River (Italy).; Germany. Heer.; Grenades.

03:25:09 - Being saved by a friend

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I also had a guy to save my life.

Segment Synopsis: Webb recounts an incident in which a friend of his saved him from a German soldier who intended to throw a grenade at him.

Keywords: Andy LeMuir (??); Moso (Italy); Thomas McInerney (??); machine guns; rescues; rifle grenades; roads; saving lives; wheat; wild wheat

Subjects: Austria.; Grenades.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.83025, 11.16911
03:29:45 - Surrendering German soldiers

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Right. But the other... the people started coming in.

Segment Synopsis: Webb discusses the German soldiers who surrendered in Austria near the end of the war. He recounts a conversation that he had with a German captain.

Keywords: Austrians; German language; German soldiers; Moso (Italy); Stalag 17; buildings; captains; resort towns; surrendering; towns; wars

Subjects: Austria.; Germany. Heer.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.83025, 11.16911
03:33:09 - The capture and execution of Mussolini

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, let's go back and do this, uh, Mussolini scene.

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about how Mussolini tried to escape from Italy, his capture and his execution.

Keywords: Switzerland; bridges; captures; capturing towns; corpses; escapes; executions; orders; partisans; rumors; soldiers

Subjects: Dongo (Italy).; Italy.; Milan (Italy).; Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945.; Po River Delta (Italy); Verona (Italy).

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.12277, 9.27955
03:37:44 - Mussolini's corpse

Play segment

Partial Transcript: They brought them back into this, this place...

Segment Synopsis: Webb describes how the Italians strung up the corpses of Mussolini, his mistress and a general who was with him at the time of his capture. He tells how civilians mutilated the bodies and spat on them. He also states that he himself patted Mussolini's corpse on the rear and tells why he did so.

Keywords: Italians; The Stars and Stripes (newspaper); generals; history; military uniforms; mutilation; mutilation of corpses; officers; towns; vengeance

Subjects: Mussolini, Benito, 1883-1945.

03:45:24 - Saving a friend / a false alarm injury

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, uh, is there anything else that you want to get on here that's...

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells the story of bringing his friend back to an aid station after he had been shot several times. He also describes an incident shortly afterwards in which a flattened bullet fell down his shirt and made him think that he had been shot.

Keywords: Thomas McInerney (??); aid stations; buildings; bullets; casualties; fatigues; first scouts; friends; hills; machine guns; medics; mementos; memorabilia; plowing; poems; roads; rock walls; shooting

Subjects: Battle casualties.

03:53:49 - The end of the war / personal and family information

Play segment

Partial Transcript: All right, when the war ends...

Segment Synopsis: Webb tells where he was when the war ended and how he and others celebrated it. He also gives some information about his family and health. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: 85th Infantry Division; Adair County (Ky.); Commonwealth Edison; Eva; Grant Park (Ill.); Italian wine; Marsha; Mary Willis; Opal Keen; Roger Webb; Taylor County (Ky.); Tom Webb; VA hospital; alcohol; cancer; celebration; children; disability; drinking; drunkenness; prisoners; retirement; school buildings; supply depots; wars

Subjects: Merano (Italy).; World War, 1939-1945.

GPS:

Map Coordinates: 46.67129, 11.15252