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00:00:06 - Martin's early life as a black person living in twentieth-century Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: What is your complete name?

Segment Synopsis: Martin shares a few memories of her early life in early twentieth century Kentucky. Topics include her education in a segregated school, her first job, and having her first child.

Keywords: Black labor; Children; Education; Marriage; Parents; Rural schools; School for Negroes; Segregated schools; Shelby Graded School; Teachers; Tobacco factories; Tobacco houses; White employers

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Marriage.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions--To 1964.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Childhood; Discrimination in education.; Discrimination.; Education; Race relations--Kentucky; Segregation; Segregation in education--Kentucky; Segregation in education.; Shelbyville (Ky.); Teachers--Kentucky

00:04:22 - Martin's first job at a tobacco factory

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Partial Transcript: And then, you say, when you--you got your first job when you were like sixteen years old at a tobacco factory?

Segment Synopsis: Martin discusses a job she worked for several of her teenage years in a tobacco factory. The talks about the race relations in this workplace.

Keywords: American segregation; Domestic labor; Kentucky segregation; Labor hours; Marriage; Seasonal labor; Segregated labor; Segregated work spaces; Segregation; Tobacco machines; Tobacco processing; Working conditions; Youth labor

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Health and hygiene.; African Americans--Marriage.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions--To 1964.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Discrimination in employment.; Discrimination.; Race relations--Kentucky; Racism; Segregation

00:08:08 - Working as a house servant for the Ruben family / Mr. Ruben's possible involvement in a lynching incident

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Partial Transcript: And then you--and that's when you started doing other kinds of jobs.

Segment Synopsis: Martin discusses some aspects of the many years she spent as a domestic laborer for a private white family, the Rubens. She then says what she's heard about a lynching incident that happened when she was young in Shelbyville and the possibility that Mr. Ruben had been involved with it.

Keywords: Alcoholics; Arresting people; Assaulting women; Breaking into jail; Cleaning houses; Cooking; Economic depressions; Great Depression; Hanging black people; Hanging people; House servants; Labor hours; Lynching; Lynching black men; Private families; Raising children; Sicknesses

Subjects: African American families; African American women; African Americans--Crimes against.; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions--To 1964.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Children; Children, Black; Children, White; Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Depressions--1929--Kentucky.; Depressions--1929.; Discrimination.; Families; Poor African Americans; Race discrimination.; Racism; Violence

00:14:05 - More details about the Ruben family and Smith's relationship to them

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Partial Transcript: So you worked for them how long?

Segment Synopsis: Martin talks about her close relationship with Mrs. Ruben up until her death. She mentions that Mrs. Ruben had promised that she would leave money for Martin in her will, but that this never happened for some undisclosed reason.

Keywords: Companionships; Death of employers; Death of family members; Deaths; Employers and employees; Families; Friendships; Inheritance; Interracial friendships; Private families; Servant jobs; Wills; Working relationships

Subjects: African American women; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Families; Neighborliness; Poor African Americans; Race

00:17:28 - Life as a black person in Shelbyville during Martin's lifetime

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Partial Transcript: Wha--do you remember--wha--if you had to remember what it was like being a black person or a negro or colored growing up here in Shelbyville or all those years when you were an adult here...

Segment Synopsis: Martin talks about how race relations have developed from her early life to her later life, which covers segregation and racism. She also returns to give some more details about her childhood.

Keywords: Blacks; Cabins; Divisions of labor; Family friendships; Illegitimate children; Parents; Progress; Racial boundaries; Raising children; Relationships; Segregated churches; Segregation; Single parents; Social barriers; Whites

Subjects: African American children; African American churches; African American churches--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Housing.; African Americans--Marriage.; African Americans--Race identity.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; African Americans--Societies, etc.; Brothers and sisters; Childhood; Children of single parents; Children, Black; Family--history; Neighbors; Parents; Segregation; Single parents