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00:00:05 - Family history part I

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Partial Transcript: Good afternoon, could you give me your name?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about her family's history, focusing mainly on her father's side of the family. She mentions the connection her family has to the white Offutt family in Western Kentucky. She also talks about some of her parents back ground.

Keywords: Ancestors; Decedents; Family history; Grandparents; Offutt brothers; Offutt family lineage; Parental backgrounds; Race relations; Slave owners; Slavery; Slaves; Western Kentucky

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Race identity.; Genealogy

00:05:45 - Family history part II

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Partial Transcript: Do you remember anything, um, about--did you get any history at all about your grandfather's slave days?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about her father's education at Simmons Bible College. She also talks about how ministry runs in her family. She talks about her father building Pleasant Green Baptist Church.

Keywords: "Negro" schools; Family history; Father's education; Louisville; Pleasant Green Baptist Church (Lexington, Ky.); Siblings; Simmons Bible College; Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Louisville, Ky.); Uncles; West Chestnut Baptist Church (Louisville)

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Religion

00:11:45 - Family history part III

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Partial Transcript: Now do you recall whether your dad, or you heard mention that, his mom and dad or that generation, did anybody read or write in that generation?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about her sister's success despite being handicapped. She goes on to mention her father taking the family on joy rides. She also mentions that her father never watched a movie. She goes on to talk about her father becoming a minister and mentions some of his education before seminary.

Keywords: Family history; Financial situation; Handicapped sister; Joy rides; Ministers; Movies; Parents; Recreation

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Religion

00:19:26 - Education / teaching music

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Partial Transcript: Now, we were going to talk about your community that you grew up in. Tell me about your community.

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about going to school at Booker T. Washington Elementary School. She also mentions other educational institutions she attended. She goes on to discuss the early part of her teaching career, mentioning that she traveled to the four black schools to teach music.

Keywords: All black schools; Ambitions; Chorus; Dunbar High School (Lexington, Ky.); Dunbar Junior (Lexington, Ky.); Hattie Baker; Instrumental; Music teachers; Old Booker T. Washington Elementary School (Lexington, Ky.); Teaching styles

Subjects: African Americans--Education

00:25:40 - Impact of Integration

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Partial Transcript: You said you had to change your vocabulary and your attitude...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses how her situation as a teacher changed when schools in Lexington integrated. She talks about having to travel to fewer schools and teaching white students.

Keywords: Black teachers; Music teachers; Music theory; Predominately white schools; Race relations; Teacher integration; Teaching conditions; Travelling teacher

Subjects: African Americans--Education; School integration--Kentucky--Fayette County

00:29:46 - Teachers salaries / unequal resources

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Partial Transcript: Did you, what kind of salary did you earn when you were teaching in the black situation...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses her salary situation during the 1940s and 1950s. She mentions how she was supposed to be paid a supervisors salary. She also mentions that when teacher integration began she saw for the first time the resources and facilities of white schools. She talks about the unequal facilities and resources that black and white teachers had to work with.

Keywords: Black schools; Discrepancies in salary; School conditions; School facilities; School resources; Segregation; Separate but equal; Teaching conditions; White schools

Subjects: African Americans--Education; School integration--Kentucky--Fayette County; Teachers--Salaries, etc.

00:35:15 - Parental involvement / teacher-student relationships

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Partial Transcript: What happened to the students that were left behind, uh well not that--that you left behind...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses how integration changed the educational situation for parents, black students and teachers. She mentions how the student-teacher relationship for black students and black teachers changed after integration.

Keywords: All "negro"schools; All black schools; Parental involvement; School resources; Teacher-student relationship

Subjects: African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington

00:40:18 - Comparison of school curriculum / teacher salaries / supervisor's salary

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Partial Transcript: So, in all black situation you didn't have a Johnny can't read in the seventh grade?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about the difference in curriculum at predominately white or black schools. She also talks about the salary situation after integration. She mentions that white schools were secret and did not share their teacher salaries or their other finances. She mentions that instead of being paid a supervisor's salary she was given a gas stipend.

Keywords: Gas stipend; Predominately black schools; Predominately white schools; School curriculum; Secrecy of white schools; Supervisor salary; Teacher salaries; Traveling

Subjects: African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; School integration--Kentucky--Fayette County

00:45:57 - Teaching situation / disclosing teacher salaries

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Partial Transcript: Now when I, when I left, I changed, I told you, I changed from this combined school, uh, we got into so many large schools...

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about how her teaching situation finally changed. She talks about spending the last five year her career. teaching only at Lexington Junior High School, instead of four different schools. She also mentions when the school system started to disclose teacher salaries in the newspaper.

Keywords: Music program; Teacher salaries; Teaching conditions

Subjects: African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington

00:49:57 - Getting more resources / obstacles black students faced

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Partial Transcript: Are they pretty quick to, the board of education, pretty quick to honor your request if you ask for...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses how teachers were able to get more resources from the Board of Education. She goes on to talk about the different problems black students face in regard to certain school related activities.

Keywords: "Negro" schools; All State Chorus; Black athletics; Black students; Board of Education; Race relations

Subjects: African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington

00:55:10 - Changes in the black community

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Partial Transcript: Now, you've lived in this community all your life...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the changes she has seen in Lexington's black community. She talks about how the Great Depression effected the community and how black soldiers returning for World War II really sparked the movement in Lexington. She talks about how some blacks were able to move up the social ladder once blacks are given more employment opportunities.

Keywords: Black soldiers; Black unity; Civil rights movement; Great Depression; IBM; Living conditions; Race relations; Upper class blacks; WWII; World War II

Subjects: African American veterans; African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Economic conditions; African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Social conditions; Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945; World War, 1939-1945.

01:02:54 - Class divide / "ordinary labor"

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Partial Transcript: Now what, uh,--how has the economic status of this community changed since...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the economic divide within the black community.She goes on to talk about the difficulties that well educated black people may have when trying to get an "ordinary labor" job. She shares a story about the trouble she had trying to find a summer job.

Keywords: "ordinary labor"; Black class divide; Black flight; Black neighborhoods; Employment; Ghettos; Racial loyalty; Racial unity; Summer jobs; The black community

Subjects: African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Economic conditions

01:10:55 - Community closeness / role of the church

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Partial Transcript: Did you lose, um, a closeness of your community as people moved out?

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the loss of community when people began to leave her neighborhood, mentioning that now people keep to themselves. She goes on to talk about how the role of the church has changed since she was a child. She goes on to discuss the financial burden black churches face when trying to provide social programs and events. She also mentions her own church, Pleasant Green Baptist Church.

Keywords: Black churches; Church activities; Church clubs; Community closeness; Community relations; Pleasant Green Baptist Church; Social activities; The black community; Volunteers; White churches

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Economic conditions; African Americans--Religion

01:21:44 - Race relations in church / interracial marriages

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Partial Transcript: Now do--is your church all black? Is the congregation...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the racial makeup of her church. She goes on to talk about the black community's reaction to interracial marriages. She talks about some of the differences between white and black women.

Keywords: Black churches; Community support; Interracial marriages; Pleasant Green Baptist Church (Lexington, Ky.); Race relations; The black community

Subjects: African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Social conditions; African Americans--Religion

01:27:07 - Civil rights movement

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Partial Transcript: Did you take part in the revolution?

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses her involvement in the civil rights movement, mentioning that she did not think black teachers were free to really participate. She also mentions the lack of participation among black ministers in Lexington.

Keywords: Black church leaders; Civil rights movement; Freedom; Individuality; Ministers; Segregated businesses; Social activism; Teacher involvement

Subjects: African Americans--Civil rights--Kentucky; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; Segregation--Kentucky--Fayette County

01:31:28 - Downtown businesses

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Partial Transcript: Do you--what happened downtown Lexington after the sixties?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about how businesses were impacted by the civil rights movement. She mentions how some businesses embraced integration partially because of the increased business.

Keywords: Civil rights movement; Downtown businesses; Integration; Race relations; Segregation

Subjects: African Americans--Civil rights--Kentucky

01:36:02 - Black businesses / husband's background

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Partial Transcript: What happened to the black businesses?

Segment Synopsis: Childress talks about the impact integration had on black businesses, mentioning that they could not match the low prices of the more commercial businesses. She goes on to discuss the need for black business owners to be more inclusive. She also briefly mentions her political involvement. She discusses her husband's background, including where he's from and some of his education and occupational background.

Keywords: "Negro" store; Black businesses; Increased competition; Integration

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African Americans--Kentucky--Lexington--Economic conditions

01:40:15 - Sister's background / black sororities

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Partial Transcript: You were saying you have a sister who taught at A&M?

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses her sister, who was a teacher in Louisville. She goes on to talk about her involvement in the black sorority Delta Sigma Theta. She mentions why she thinks sororities are important and help young black girls.

Keywords: "Negro women"; Black sororities; Community projects; Delta Sigma Theta; Etiquette training; Service organizations

01:45:49 - Graduate education

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Partial Transcript: You said that, uh, you've done graduate work at various universities. Ever UK?

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the various colleges she attended while completing graduate course work. She specifically mentions her experience at Fisk University and the University of Kentucky, including why she left the University of Kentucky.

Keywords: Columbia University; Fisk University; Graduate work; John Work; Masters degree; Music department; UK

Subjects: African Americans--Education (Higher); University of Kentucky.

01:50:33 - Class surroundings / blacks today

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Partial Transcript: Now, um, you seem to have been surrounded from generation, a cou--, one generation back at least...

Segment Synopsis: Childress discusses the types of people she grew up around. She also compares the situation that blacks are currently in with their past situation, using the educational success of her nephew as an example.

Keywords: Good ol days; Opportunities; Social class; Success

Subjects: African Americans--Education (Higher); Kentucky State University