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00:00:00 - Father's suffering as a miner--Part I

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Partial Transcript: Sudie, tell me about your father now.

Segment Synopsis: Sudie Crusenberry talks about her father's work as a miner and his suffering from black lung. She talks about growing up in the Brookside mining camp. She talks about taking care of her father through his health issues while also participating in the Brookside strike.

Keywords: 1964 strike; 1973 strike; Black Lung; Bonnie Blue Mine; Breathing; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Coal dust; Community; Daniel Hall; Fathers; Heart conditions; Jobs; Lungs; Medication; Picket lines; Shacks; Sleep schedules; Stepmothers; Suffering; Work

Subjects: Childhood; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

00:07:52 - Being kicked out of the Brookside mining camp

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Partial Transcript: Where'd you go when you left Brookside?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about being kicked out of the Brookside mining camp when the company sold out to Eastover. She talks about where they moved and discusses the hardships her family faced. She talks about leaving the only home she had ever known.

Keywords: Ages (Ky.); Birthplace; Black lung compensation; Black lung pay; Borrowing; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Coal camps; Company towns; Crowded; Daniel Hall; Eastover Mine; Fairness; Family; Fathers; Hardships; Harlan (Ky.); Home; Houses; Jail; Kicked out; Leaving; Loans; Mining camps; Money; Moving; Ownership; Protests; Rent; School fees; Social Security

Subjects: Childhood; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Families.; Mining camps

00:13:10 - Joining the Brookside strike and the Brookside Women's Club--Part I

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Partial Transcript: Well how--tell me about how come you got involved over at the Brookside strike then.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about being asked by a group of women to join the Brookside mine strike. She talks about the creation of the Brookside Women's Club. She talks about disagreements among the picketers. She talks about the Club's meetings, planning, and fundraising for the striking miners.

Keywords: Arguments; Attitudes; Benefits; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Brookside Women's Club; Children; Contracts; Daniel Hall; Decisions; Demonstrations; Disagreements; Donations; Education; Fathers; Frankfort (Ky.); Freda Armes; Fundraising; Funds; Harlan Daily Enterprise (newspaper); Helping; Income; Involvement; Joining; Lieutenant Governor Thelma Stovall; Lois Scott; Marches; Meetings; Milwaukee (Wis.); Miners' families; Money; Newspapers; Peaceful; Personality; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Pikeville (Ky.); Planning; Plans; Rallies; Reasons; Schedules; Strikers; Thelma Stovall; Travel

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Harlan (Ky.); Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Women in the labor movement

00:21:51 - Dangers during the strike--Part I

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Partial Transcript: And--although that they did shoot at us.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about protesting at the picket line by laying down in the road to block cars from getting to the mines. She talks about being shot at by the opposition. She talks about the importance of the film being shot at this time which later became "Harlan County U.S.A." She talks about people in the picketing group being served subpoenas and being arrested.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); Arrests; Barbara Kopple; Blacklisted; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Cameras; Courts; Dangerous; Daniel Hall; Daughters; Demonstrations; Disguises; Dorothy Johnson; Fathers; Films; Gravel; Guns; Harlan (Ky.); Highsplint (Ky.); Highsplint Mine; Jails; Jobs; Laughing; Laying down; Lois Scott; Marches; Movies; Nora Crusenberry; Photographs; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Pictures; Rallies; Reactions; Roads; Running; Scabs; Screaming; Shootings; Son-in-law; Southern Label Union (SLU); State police; Strikers; Subpoenas; Support; Truth; United Mine Workers of America (UMWA); Yelling

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Violence; Women in the labor movement

00:33:26 - Strike at Pikeville--Part I

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Partial Transcript: Well listen Sudie, before the strike started, had you been hearing much talk about a strike?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about the sentiments she heard in the community regarding the union prior to the strike. She briefly mentions the hospital strike in Pikeville. She talks about being warned that they might be killed for striking.

Keywords: Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Dangers; Deaths; Eula Hall; Hospitals; Lois Scott; Miners' cards; Nora Crusenberry; Older people; Retired; Talking

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

00:36:25 - Father's suffering as a miner--Part II / Her husband's mining accident

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Partial Transcript: Sudie, when you think back about that strike now, what do you think stands--what do you remember the most?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her father's hard work as a miner, his low wages, and the poor conditions they lived in. She talks about her interest in fighting for the union due to her father's suffering from black lung. She talks about her husband's work at Brookside until he was in an accident in which he was buried in coal and broke his spine and pelvis. She talks about taking care of him after the accident. She talks about fighting to get compensation for her husband while he couldn't work; this was before Brookside was unionized. She talks about her father's support for the union.

Keywords: Appliances; Black Lung; Broken bones; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Caretakers; Carrying; Child labor; Compensation; Daniel Hall; Deaths; Ed Crusenberry; Expenses; Fathers; Finances; Hard times; Hardships; Healthcare; Husbands; Income; Injuries; Jobs; Labor conditions; Meetings; Mothers; Older people; Outhouses; Paralyzation; Paralyzed; Pay; Payments; Rib roll; Salary; Spines; Support; Thomas Edward Crusenberry; Tom Crusenberry; Unconscious; Wages; Walking; Work; Worries

Subjects: Childhood; Coal mine accidents; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Mining camps; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America

00:51:05 - Dangers during the strike--Part II

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Partial Transcript: Well, speaking of the strike again, what are some of the things you remember the most about being on the picket line?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her experiences on the picket lines. She talks about Lawrence Jones' funeral and the shooting which resulted in his death. She talks about women bringing their children to the picket lines. She talks about the people who were opposed to the union. She talks about naming her son, who died shortly after birth, after union men Houston Elmore and Arnold Miller.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); 1974; Arnold Houston Crusenberry; Arnold Miller; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Changes; Children; Contracts; Dangerous; Deaths; Demonstrations; Dorothy Johnson; Eastover Mine; Funerals; Giving up; Guns; Houston Elmore; Jobs; Lawrence Jones; Leaving; Marches; Opposition; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Rallies; Scabs; Shocking; Shootings; Sons; Strikers

Subjects: Childhood; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Violence; Women in the labor movement

00:55:13 - Father's suffering as a miner--Part III

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Partial Transcript: Well what was it like while you were standing out on the picket line?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her father's difficult work in the mines and his support of the union. She talks about the poor conditions in the mines and the use of rats as a warning system for mine collapses. She talks about gathering coal from around the train tracks and clearing out a mine.

Keywords: Blacklisted; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Coal cars; Conditions; Daniel Hall; Demonstrations; Fathers; Hardships; Hiring; Home; Income; Marches; Meetings; Money; Mothers; Night shifts; Old days; Pay; Payments; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Rallies; Rats; Royalties; Safety; Salary; Selling; Slate; Strikers; Talking; Train tracks; Wages; Warnings; Water; Work

Subjects: Childhood; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America

01:03:36 - Experiences on the Brookside picket line

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Partial Transcript: Well Sudie, when the strike was going on were there times that, um, you thought you might not go out to the picket line?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry describes her daily schedule during the protest. She talks about making a dummy and naming it after a scab. She talks about her reaction when they finally signed the union contract and about marching through Harlan.

Keywords: Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Buses; Buttons; Christmas trees; Contracts; Daily life; Demonstrations; Dummy; Harlan (Ky.); Houses; Marches; Meetings; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Pins; Proud; Rallies; Scarecrows; Schedules; Shootings; Snow; Strikers; Support; Tin can alley; Walking

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

01:09:11 - Brookside Women's Club--Part II

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Partial Transcript: And, uh, the influence and impact that, uh, women would have with their husbands, you know, would knock our picket line and cut it down...

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about how wives influenced their husbands regarding the union. She talks about the quarreling within the Brookside Women's Club. She talks about being elected president of the club. She talks about her reasons for fighting for the union, the citizen's public inquiry, and her views on the film "Harlan County U.S.A."

Keywords: Advice; Barbara Kopple; Benefits; Brookside Women's Club; Citizens' public inquiry; Coal operators; Courthouses; Effects; Fighting; Films; Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Husbands; Impact; Influences; Leadership; Meetings; Men; Miners' cards; Movies; New York; Officers; Panels; Peaceful; Pensions; Permission; Presidents; Purpose; Quarrelling; Reasons; Rights; Support; Truth

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

01:16:11 - Dangers during the strike--Part III

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Partial Transcript: Like I told--said, that Chu Kluck Pan--Klan, you just didn't do no sleeping here now in that last part...

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about the threats made by the KKK toward the people fighting for the union. She talks about confrontations with the state police. She talks about climbing on cars and laying down in the roads.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); Arrests; Blocking; Cars; Children; Contracts; Crystal Ferguson; Daniel Hall; Ed Crusenberry; Fathers; Fires; Jobs; Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Scabs; State police; Thomas Edward Crusenberry; Threats; Tom Crusenberry

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

01:21:27 - Photographs and stories of fellow picketers during the Brookside strike

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Partial Transcript: Well, did you know many of the women who were involved before the strike or did you meet them during the strike?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks at length about her friendships with the other women involved in the strike. She talks about their living conditions on the mountain, including how women did the washing without plumbing, the lack of electricity, and stoves for heat. She shows the interviewer many photographs of the strike and describes the people and events pictured. She talks more about the dangers and violence on the picket line and their interactions with the state police.

Keywords: Acquaintance; Arguments; Arnold Miller; Arrests; Awareness; Badger mines; Bank caps; Barbara Callahan; Basil Collins; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Betty Eldridge; Brookside Women's Club; Bud Jones; Charles Gilbert; Children; Citizens' public inquiry; Dangerous; Daughters; Defense; Disagreements; Dorothy Johnson; Electricity; Fighting; Fights; Fireplaces; Florence Reece; Freda Armes; Friendships; Fundraising; Geneva Perry; Glenbrook Mine; Guns; Heat; Hitting; Houses; Jennifer Callahan; Jerry Johnson; Killing; Lawrence Jones; Laying down; Lois Scott; Men; Mickey Messer; Minnie Lunsford; Money; Mothers; Motorbikes; Mountains; Nannie Rainey; Nick Williams; Norma Crusenberry; Oil lamps; Outsiders; Plumbing; Punching; Relationships; Road blocks; Roads; Ruby Stacy; Sheriff Billy G. Williams; Signs; Snow; Soap; Songs; State police; Stoves; Streams; Trespassing signs; Union safety committees; Warrants; Washing; Water; West Virginia

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Country life; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Rural conditions; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Violence; Women in the labor movement

01:47:41 - House flood

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Partial Transcript: Here's a picture of your house that was flooded, Sudie.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about fighting to get relief funds for herself and the other people affected by a flood.

Keywords: Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Flood relief; Flooding; Harlan (Ky.); Helping; Houses; Joe Beasley; Julian Carroll; Lois Scott; Loss; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Scrapbooks; Strikers; Strip mining

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Country life; Families.; Flood damage; Floods--Kentucky; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Rural conditions; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Women in the labor movement

01:51:55 - Law enforcement during the strike

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Partial Transcript: Okay, now we're looking at pictures--

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry continues to show the interviewer photographs from the strike. She tells stories about talking with Lieutenant Governor Thelma Stovall, the shooting and other dangers on the picket lines, and their interactions with law enforcement.

Keywords: 1974; Arrests; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Biases; Children; Daniel Hall; Daughters; Estill Burkford Howard; Fathers; Hospitals; Investigations; Katherine Crusenberry; Kerosene; Lieutenant Governor Thelma Stovall; Lois Scott; Milk; Nora Crusenberry; Peace; Pike County (Ky.); Protection; Rallies; Shooting; Son-in-law; State police; Tent cities

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Law enforcement; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

01:56:20 - Citizens' public inquiry

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Partial Transcript: So you testified at the citizens' public inquiry?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about what she said during her testimony for the citizens' public inquiry. She talks more about making a dummy to symbolize the scabs. She talks about mining camps and the lack of justice for the poor.

Keywords: Citizens' public inquiry; Coal camps; Company towns; Dummy; Eudell Whitaker; Gussie Mills; Justice; Minnie Lunsford; Poor; Scarecrows; Stearns (Ky.); Testifying

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Poverty; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Women in the labor movement

02:01:06 - Picketers being arrested for blocking the road

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Partial Transcript: This is, um, picketing in Charlotte, North Carolina?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry continues to show the interviewer photographs from the strike. She talks about visiting the protestors who had been arrested. She tells stories about the shooting and other dangers on the picket lines, and more about the protestors being arrested for blocking the road. She talks about the risks of photographs being taken during the strike which would identify the protestors.

Keywords: Afraid; Arrests; Barbara Callahan; Barbara Kopple; Betty Eldridge; Betty Rae Eldridge; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Charlotte (N.C.); Children; Courthouses; Dangerous; Dangers; Daniel Hall; Demonstrations; Donations; Dorothy Johnson; Dragging; Fairness; Fathers; Films; Freda Armes; Government; Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Jails; Justice; Laws; Lois Scott; Marches; Minnie Lunsford; Nannie Rainey; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Pictures; Rallies; Road blocks; Roads; Shootings; State police; Strikers; Subpoenas; Testifying; Visiting

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

02:13:01 - Death of her baby during the strike

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Partial Transcript: Now this was the big rally when the miners came in from everywhere.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about some of the union men. She talks about how some of the union miners served as pallbearers for the funeral of her son who died shortly after birth during the time of the protest.

Keywords: Arnold Miller; Babies; Brookside Mine; Cemetery; Chip Yablonski; Deaths; Freda Armes; Friendships; Funerals; Houston Elmore; Lawrence Jones; Minnie Lunsford; Pallbearers; Rallies; Relationships; Ruby Stacy; Signs; Sons; Votes

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

02:18:24 - Media coverage of the strike

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Partial Transcript: And right here's my Christmas card that was mailed to me.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about the film "Harlan County U.S.A." and the bias in other forms of media coverage during the strike.

Keywords: Articles; Biases; Demonstrations; Glenbrook Mine; Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Jericho Mine; Marches; Media; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Press; Rallies; Reporters; Strikers

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

02:23:07 - Dangers during the strike--Part IV

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Partial Transcript: Now right here is one of these Ku Klux Klan...

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about being threatened by the KKK for her participation in the strike. She talks about the membership of the Brookside Women's Club, the unsafe conditions in non-union mines, and the media coverage regarding the strike. She talks more about threats by the KKK, the dangers and violence on the picket line, and their interactions with the state police.

Keywords: Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Brookside Women's Club; Children; Closed; Crosses; Dangerous; Ed Crusenberry; Fairness; Johnny Paycheck (Artist); Justice; Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Membership; Milwaukee (Wis.); Minnie Lunsford; Newspapers; Pittsburgh (Pa.); Police; Safety; Screaming; Shootings; Slush dams; Sons; Southeastern Kentucky Black Lung Association; Television cameras; Thomas Edward Crusenberry; Threats; Tom Crusenberry; Unsafe conditions; Virginia

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Ku Klux Klan (1915- ); Lungs--Dust diseases; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

02:34:36 - Father's suffering as a miner--Part IV / Her reasons for supporting the union--Part I

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Partial Transcript: This is, um, Daniel Hall. He died December 29th, 1981.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her father running for constable. She talks about a rally for black lung benefits. She talks about her interest in fighting for the union due to her husband's work in the mines and her father's suffering from black lung. She talks about the scab workers being brought in on school buses. She talks about the leadership of the Brookside Women's Club.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); Beliefs; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Black Lung; Brookside Women's Club; Brothers; Coal dust; Conditions; Constables; Daniel Hall; Demonstrations; Elections; Fathers; Fundraising; Grandmothers; Husbands; Irene Vanover; Johnny Paycheck (Artist); Laborers; Leadership; Marches; Nationwide strikes; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Presidents; Rallies; Scabs; School buses; Stearns (Ky.); Stearns strike; Stepmothers; Strikers; Strip mining; Support; Union dues; Virginia; Washington, D.C.; Working class

Subjects: Coal mine accidents; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Washington (D.C.); Women in the labor movement

02:46:30 - Expectations of the strike before it began

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Partial Transcript: Well Sudie, um, when the strike started at Brookside, did you know many of the people who were working down there at the time?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her relationships with the miners and their families before the strike. She talks about the reasons people supported the strike and the outcome they desired from the strike. She talks about the shooting and other dangers on the picket lines, and their interactions with law enforcement.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); 1930s; Angry; Black Lung; Bosses; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Carl Noe; Conditions; Criticism; Daniel Hall; Deaths; Differences; Expectations; Fathers; Freda Armes; Guns; Income; Innocent; Jails; Killing; Laws; Mary Wagner; Meetings; Pay; Payments; Pensions; Photographs; Reasons; Retirement; Salary; Scabs; Shootings; State police; Support; Treatment; Tub Rainey; Wages; Work

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Coal mines and mining--Safety measures.; Coal mines and mining--Safety regulations; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

02:54:50 - Dangers during the strike--Part V

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Partial Transcript: Sudie, did you ever have anybody tell you you shouldn't go on the picket line 'cause you were a woman?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about the attitudes toward herself and the other protestors due to the fact that they were women. She talks about receiving threatening phone calls, letters and cross burning by the KKK, and a phone call from someone pretending to be her daughter. She talks about how law enforcement did not protect them from these threats.

Keywords: Afraid; Children; Crosses; Dangerous; Fairness; Government; Jails; Justice; Killing; Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Laws; Letters; Nora Crusenberry; Perseverance; Poor; Scared; Shootings; Telephone calls; Threatened; Threats

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; Violence; Women in the labor movement

03:00:04 - Strike at Pikeville--Part II / Planning the Brookside picket

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Partial Transcript: Sudie, when you were all planning out strategies and things to do, you know like rallies or picking up money...

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about the Brookside Women's Club planning their strategies for the strike. She talks about the arrests at the strike at Pikeville. She talks about her mother fighting the mining company when her father was fired and replaced. She talks about the filming of "Harlan County U.S.A." and her fervent support for the union.

Keywords: Arrests; Brookside Women's Club; Cars; Coal dust; Company; Contracts; Daniel Hall; Fathers; Fighting; Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Jails; Jobs; Kicked out; Meetings; Mothers; Planning; Plans; Selling; Strategies; Support; Taking jobs; Union halls; Union organizers

Subjects: Childhood; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Mining camps; Picketing.; Pikeville (Ky.); Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

03:07:16 - Her worries about the strike / Opposition to the Brookside Women's Club

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Partial Transcript: Sudie if you had the strike to live over, would you do anything different?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks more about her fervent support for the strike and the union. She talks about her biggest worries during the strike: the likely possibility of someone being shot and losing her father to black lung while she was away. She talks about opposition in the community to the Brookside Women's Club. She talks about hearing about a reward for destroying the film that was used to make "Harlan County U.S.A." She talks about the bias of the police against the protestors, and trying to raise money to convince the sheriff to serve a warrant to Basil Collins.

Keywords: Arrests; Basil Collins; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Black Lung; Bosses; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Brookside Women's Club; Criticism; Daniel Hall; Destroying; Different; Fathers; Films; Friends; Fundraising; Guns; Gussie Mills; Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Income; Joining; Killing; Opposed; Opposition; Pay; Payments; Regrets; Salary; Scared; Sheriff Billy G. Williams; Sheriffs; Shootings; State police; Wages; Warrants; Wives; Work; Worries

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Law enforcement; Lungs--Dust diseases; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Violence; Women in the labor movement

03:13:27 - Family and household conditions during the strike

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you all a question now.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about how she juggled taking care of her ill father, her housework, and protesting. She talks about her father's suffering from black lung and the lack of medical care he received. She describes her household and the family members living with her at the time of the strike, naming each of her children and which ones went to the picket line with her. She talks more about getting kicked out of Brookside Mining Camp. She talks about the hardships her family faced during the strike and how protestors helped one another.

Keywords: 1974; Age; Ages (Ky.); Betty Eldridge; Betty Rae Eldridge; Black Lung; Brookside Mine; Children; Chores; Closeness; Clothes; Coal camps; Company houses; Company towns; Conditions; Contracts; Daniel Hall; David Crusenberry; Dolls; Donations; Ed Crusenberry; Edna Crusenberry; Family; Fathers; Floods; Freda Armes; Friends; Friendships; Funerals; Gardens; Health issues; Heart attacks; Help; Helping; Home; Households; Housework; Husbands; Illnesses; James Crusenberry; Katherine Crusenberry; Kicked out; Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Lawrence Jones; Minnie Lunsford; Nora Crusenberry; Pensions; Rocks; Shootings; Sleeping; Social Security; Stepmothers; Suffering; Thomas Edward Crusenberry; Tom Crusenberry; Work

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Medical care--Appalachian Region; Medical care--Kentucky; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

03:28:53 - Her reasons for supporting the union--Part II

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Partial Transcript: What about you all right here inside the family?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about her family's attitudes regarding the union and how she would not tolerate anyone who did not support the union. She talks about her interest in fighting for the union due to her father's suffering from black lung.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); Attitudes; Black Lung; Daniel Hall; Family; Fathers; Jobs; Scabs; Sons; Suffering; Support; Training; Work

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Coal mines and mining--Safety measures.; Coal mines and mining--Safety regulations; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Lungs--Dust diseases; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

03:34:07 - Family history, husband, children, and grandchildren

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Partial Transcript: Did you, uh, did you work outside of the home ever, Sudie?

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about side work she has done to support her family, including gathering coal and berries. She talks about her family's genealogy. Her husband Ed talks about his personal history, their marriage, and his connection to the union. Sudie describes her children and grandchildren.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); 1949; 1950; Angry; Bell County (Ky.); Berries; Blacklisted; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Children; Contracts; Dorothy Johnson; Ed Crusenberry; Education; Family history; German; Grandchildren; Hard times; Harlan County (Ky.); Highsplint (Ky.); Highsplint Mine; Jails; Jobs; Kentucky; Local unions; Married; Meetings; Mothers; Native Americans; Nora Crusenberry; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Scabs; Selling; Shootings; Son-in-law; Strikers; Thomas Edward Crusenberry; Tom Crusenberry; Work

Subjects: Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Genealogy; Mining camps; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

03:44:23 - Politics and the hardships of the poor

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Partial Transcript: Now she went that big, uh, convention or march, whatever it was in Morgansfield, you know.

Segment Synopsis: Crusenberry talks about politicians' representation (or lack thereof) of their poorer constituents. She talks about media coverage of protests, both political protests and the union protests. She talks about the hardships the families in the Brookside area face. She talks about how the union benefits the area. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Assistance; Barbara Kopple; Better; Coal operators; Conditions; Conventions; Costs; Elections; Electricity; Films; Garbage; Governors; Hard times; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County U.S.A. (Motion picture); Harlan County USA (Motion picture); Harlan County, USA (Motion picture); Helping; Improvements; Income; Lieutenant Governor Thelma Stovall; Media; Medicare; Morganfield (Ky.); Needs; Newspapers; Pay; Payments; Photographs; Proud; Salary; Singing; Songs; Support; Transportation; Wages; Wendell Ford; Wendell H. Ford; Work; Working class

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal miners.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Families.; Kentucky--Politics and government; Mining camps; Picketing.; Political campaigns--Kentucky; Politicians--Kentucky; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement