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00:00:04 - Early career

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Partial Transcript: Well, now, tell me the one you just told me.

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner discusses his early career, and what it was like to work in non-union mines during the early twentieth century.

Keywords: Bad air; Beaver Creek (Ky.); Boarding; Coal cars; Dunleary Mines; Family; Hours; Illness; Kennedy's Branch (Ky.); Laid off; Pay; Photographs; Rocks; Tons; Water holes

Subjects: Brothers; Coal; Coal miners; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Punishment; Twentieth century

00:04:22 - Early life / Coal mining

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Partial Transcript: So you would--that means then you were born in what, 1907?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner describes his childhood and explains what prompted him to work in the mines. Stiltner also discusses his work as a coal miner, including the various mines that he worked in throughout his career.

Keywords: Allegheny Mining Company; Coal camps; Dunleary Mine; Edgewater Mining Company; Elkhorn Coal Company; Farm work; Henry Clay Mine; Lonesome Branch (Va.); Moving; Schools; Sisters; Superintendents; Washing

Subjects: Brothers; Childhood; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Cows; Death; Early life; Fathers; Horses; Livestock; Mothers; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Ponies; Virginia

00:11:14 - Work in the mines

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Partial Transcript: So, when you went--you first went to work, you worked at Bartlick, Virginia.

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner details what it is like to work in the coal mines, including the nature of the work and his salary.

Keywords: Boarding houses; Coal cars; Federal mines; Loading coal; Pay; Schedules

Subjects: Brothers; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Marriage; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Work

00:15:03 - Company scrip

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Partial Transcript: Well is that when you come home and you'd--had--you'd made a--cleared a dime or something? What's that story?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner explains why many coal mining companies paid their workers in company scrip instead of U.S. dollars. Stiltner also talks of the consequences of this practice, primarily that workers were indebted to the company, as the prices at the company store were inflated.

Keywords: Co-workers; Company scrip; Dunleary Mine; Federal mines; Fired; Mining company; Overdrafted; Payday; Roland's store

Subjects: Coal; Coal miners; Coal miners and mining; Competition; Debts; Dime; Groceries; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Work

00:20:01 - Kentucky mines

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Partial Transcript: So, did you ever work up on Marrowbone?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner briefly talks of the mines that he worked on along Marrowbone Creek in Pike County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Allegheny Mining Company; Bosses; Edgewater Mining Company; Federal mines; Hellier (Ky.); Henry Clay Mine; Hours; Marrowbone Creek (Ky.); Mines; Scrip; Shutdown

Subjects: Coal miners; Coal miners and mining; Money; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.)

00:22:55 - Beginning of unions

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Partial Transcript: Well now, what about--when did the unions come in?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner recalls the conflicts that occurred in Pike County amidst the arrival of the unions, including the death of coal miners Perry Adkins and Avery Hill.

Keywords: Avery Hill; Brother-in-law; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Dunleary Mine; Edgewater Mining Company; Federal Hill; Guards; Hard work; Henry Clay Strike; Jobs; Marrowbone Creek (Ky.); Moving; Pay; Perry Adkins; Pushing coal; Unions

Subjects: Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Death; Money; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Pistols; United Mine Workers of America; West Virginia

00:26:51 - Best and worst mines

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Partial Transcript: Were some of the mines around here better than others?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner lists the best and worse mines that he worked in Pike County, Kentucky during his career. Stiltner also details the experience of his former co-workers in a mine in Splashdam, Virginia.

Keywords: Allegheny Mining Company; Coppers Coal Company; Edgewater Mining Company; Federal mines; Henry Clay Mine; Kneepads; Marrowbone Creek (Ky.); Pay; Photographs; Scrip; Splashdam (Va.)

Subjects: Brothers; Cigarettes; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Elkhorn City (Ky.); Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Solvay Process Company; Train; Tunnels; Virginia

00:32:47 - Unions / Co-workers

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Partial Transcript: Well now, once the unions came in, did most of the mines around here organize, or was it just a few?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner discusses the prevalence of unionized mines in Pike County during the initial periods of unionization in the 1930s.

Keywords: Ashcamp (Ky.); Bosses; Broken legs; Co-workers; Dunleary Mine; Edgewater Mining Company; Federal mines; Henry Clay Mine; Houses; Jackson's Branch (Ky.); Neighbors; Organize; Rough; Unionized; Unions

Subjects: Coal miners--Labor unions.; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Elkhorn City (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Rent; Treatment; United Mine Workers of America; Virginia

00:38:47 - Mine safety

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Partial Transcript: Well, what--Autie, what were the safety conditions at the mine?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner talks of the safety of the mines in Pike County, Kentucky prior to unionization.

Keywords: Bug dust; Co-workers; Coal cars; Injury; Machines; Paul Roberts; Rocks; Safety; Self-care

Subjects: Coal; Coal dust; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Coal mines and mining--Safety measures.; Coal mines and mining--Safety regulations; Elkhorn City (Ky.); Indiana; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Timber

00:43:31 - Length of career / Unions in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Well Autie, so now, how long did you work in the mines?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner illustrates his career and the mines that he worked in. Stiltner also talks of the dynamics of the unions in Pike County, including notable union man G. Tom Hawkins (a lawyer who strongly supported the unionization of mines).

Keywords: Bull Creek (Ky.); Coal mining; Deep mines; Dunleary Mine; Edgewater Mining Company; Elections; Federal mines; G. Tom Hawkins; Guns; Harmon (Va.); Henry Clay Mine; Jails; Laid off; Lawyers; Non-union mines; Splashdam (Va.); Union man; Union mines

Subjects: Coal miners; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal mines and mining; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Death; Farm; Harlan County (Ky.); Law--Cases; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Police; Speeches; Talking; United Mine Workers of America; Virginia

00:50:30 - Retirement / Mine conditions

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Partial Transcript: So, then, what year was it you stopped working? 1960?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner gives the year in which he retired. Stiltner then provides an overview of the conditions in the mines he worked in.

Keywords: Allegheny Mine; Coal camps; Coke ovens; Dangerous; Dust mines; Edgewater Mining Company; Federal mines; Hellier (Ky.); Henry Clay Mine; Laid off; Loading coal; Owners; Ratliff Mine; Rockhouse Mine; Unions; Wolfpit Mine; Yukon (W. Va.)

Subjects: Coal; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Coal mines and mining--Safety measures.; Coal mines and mining--Safety regulations; Death; Kentucky; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Retirement; West Virginia

00:56:40 - Bad top mines / Why he became a coal miner

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Partial Transcript: So, the bad top, what is--tell me exactly what that means when you have a bad top.

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner explains why bad top mining is dangerous. Stiltner also discusses why he decided to become a coal miner.

Keywords: Bad top mining; Bluegrass farms; Company stores; Compensation; Contracts; Inexperienced; Marrowbone Creek (Ky.); Mountain farms; Pay; Prices; Wolfpit Mine

Subjects: Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Death; Farms; Food; Money; Mothers; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Work

01:03:10 - Brother / Co-worker

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Partial Transcript: Well, when you were growing up, was it pretty hard times?

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner recalls his brother's experience with working in the mines. Stiltner talks of a co-worker he had and his personality.

Keywords: Boarding; Fired; Non-union mines; Polley Mining Company; Raises; Salary; Scrip

Subjects: Brothers; Childhood; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining; Debts; Home; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); Sassy; Wages; Work

01:08:21 - Union practices

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Partial Transcript: Now here's how the union works, I'll show you how it works.

Segment Synopsis: Stiltner reveals some of the most common practices of union mines. Stiltner emphasizes the amount of control that unions place upon workers. Stiltner also talks of a co-worker and his life.

Keywords: Co-workers; Drinking; Harmon (Va.); Lay-offs; Lights; Neighbors; Red-checked; Schedules; Stutters; Union mines; World War II

Subjects: Brothers; Coal miners; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal mines and mining; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Death; Pike County (Ky.); Pikeville (Ky.); United Mine Workers of America; World War, 1939-1945