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00:00:04 - Hitting against Bob Feller

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Partial Transcript: Mr. McCosky, um, you broke into baseball in 1936, uh, at age 18.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky shares how Bob Feller only struck him out twice in his career, and tells why.

Keywords: Baseball games; Charleston (W.Va.); Curve balls; Fastballs; Foul balls; Hitters; Home runs; Mid-Atlantic League

Subjects: Baseball players; Cleveland (Ohio); Detroit (Mich.); Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team); Feller, Bob, 1918-2010; Major League Baseball (Organization); Pitchers (Baseball)

00:02:30 - Military service and returning home

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Partial Transcript: Now, you spent three years in the service.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky discusses his military service during World War II, and the different places where he played baseball during that time. He tells how he missed playing in the World Series that year because he did not make it back to the mainland United States in time.

Keywords: Barracks; Baseball teams; Boot camp; Jean Tuddie; LST; Mickey Cochrane; Physical fitness; Recreation; Saipan; South Pacific; World Series

Subjects: Baseball players.; Basic training (Military education).; Great Lakes Naval Training Center (Great Lakes, Ill.).; Honolulu (Hawaii).; Military service, Voluntary.; Pitchers (Baseball); United States. Navy.; World War, 1939-1945

00:06:02 - Being traded to the Philadelphia Athletics

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Partial Transcript: Well, what kind of aspirations did you have for yourself?

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about how he found out that he had been traded to the Philadelphia Athletics in 1946. He shares the impact that this had on his personal life.

Keywords: Aspirations; Baseball player trades; Hitting; Jane McCosky; Marriage; Money; Outfielders; Player trades; Running; Third basemen; Trades; Weddings; Wives

Subjects: Baseball players; Detroit (Mich.).; Kell, George.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Major League Baseball (Organization).; Outfielders (Baseball).; Philadelphia (Pa.).; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Wounds and injuries.

00:10:16 - The Detroit Tigers in 1946 / the Mexican League

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Partial Transcript: Well, let, let's drop back for a second. Um, where was Detroit training in 1946?

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about the Detroit Tigers in 1946, their players and their spring training. He also talks about the Mexican League. He states that he received a letter from the Pasquel brothers, inviting him to play for the League, but that he chose not to.

Keywords: Dick Wakefield; Hoot Evers; Letters; Mexican League; Money; Pasquel brothers; Pitching staff; Salaries; Spring training

Subjects: Baseball players.; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; Greenberg, Hank.; Liga Mexicana de Beisbol Profesional.; Trout, Dizzy, 1916-1972.; Trucks, Virgil O.

00:13:09 - The player pension plan / salary with the Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's

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Partial Transcript: Another thing that happened during this period of time, is an attorney named Robert Murphy, I'll take that back, I don't think he was an attorney...

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about the formation of the player pension plan, and how it was influenced by Robert Murphy's attempts to unionize baseball. He also compares his salary with both the Tigers and the A's, and talks about Connie Mack's inability or unwillingness to give players much of a raise.

Keywords: American Baseball Guild; Baseball unions; Crying; Eddie Joost; Gene Desautels; Jimmy Fox; Money; Pension plans; Player pension plan; Player representatives; Raises; Robert Murphy; Salaries; Tears

Subjects: Baseball players; Catchers (Baseball).; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; Labor unions.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Pensions.; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Pittsburgh Pirates (Baseball team).; Strikes and lockouts.

00:18:14 - Players for the Philadelphia A's

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Partial Transcript: You, you, you started in, in 1947, um, '48 and '49, the A's had a pretty respectable team.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about some of his fellow players for the A's, describing their personalities and talent.

Keywords: Baseball player trades; Baseball teams; Bobby Shantz; Buddy Rosar; Eddie Joost; Elmer Valo; Ferris Fain; Hank Majeski; Hitters; Joe Coleman; Lou Brissie; Nellie Fox; Personality; Pete Suder; Player trades; Sam Chapman; Talent

Subjects: Baseball players.; Catchers (Baseball).; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Pitchers; Wounds and injuries.

00:22:52 - Philadelphia A's pitchers

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Partial Transcript: We, talking about the pitching staff, you had some pretty good pitchers too?

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about some of the pitchers he knew when he played for the Philadelphia A's, their talent, and some of the injuries that they sustained.

Keywords: Bill McKeon (??); Bursitis; Carl Scheib; Curve balls; Fastballs; Fowler; Heart conditions; Joe Coleman; Lou Brissie; Minimum salaries; Phil Marchildon; Pitches; Pitching; Russ Christopher; Salaries; Shrapnel

Subjects: Baseball players.; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Pitchers (Baseball).; Williams, Ted, 1918-2002.; World War, 1939-1945.; Wounds and injuries.

00:27:29 - Work during the off-season / Connie Mack

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Partial Transcript: Well, now what did these... what all did the players do in the off-season? What did you do in the off-season?

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks briefly about what he and other players did during the off-season. He also discusses the A's owner and manager, Connie Mack.

Keywords: Age; Bobby Shantz; Car sales; Cars; Chevrolets; Criticism; Factory representatives; Fishing; Hitters; Hunting; Meetings; Off-season; Party stores; Phil Marchildon; Scorecards

Subjects: Baseball managers.; Baseball players.; Baseball team owners.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Pitchers (Baseball).

00:32:11 - Connie Mack's decline in his later years / Earl Mack

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Partial Transcript: I think, um, Phil Marchildon back in '46 the first year you joined the club, you know, was in the papers as criticizing him.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky tells several stories about how Connie Mack started to lose his edge as he got older, describing some of the odd things that he did. He also talks about his son, Earl Mack, who was expected to take over from his father when the latter retired.

Keywords: Double plays; Earl Mack; Eddie Joost; Naps; Phil Marchildon; Water; Weddings

Subjects: Baseball coaches.; Baseball players.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.

00:37:17 - Being injured during games

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Partial Transcript: --(clears throat)--Well, let's see, in, in '47, the team was 78 and 76. In '48 you were 84 and 70.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about some of the injuries that he sustained while playing, his surgery and his recovery process afterwards.

Keywords: Exhibition games; Night games; Pain; Running; Swinging; Wakefield

Subjects: Detroit (Mich.).; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Wounds and injuries.

00:41:30 - A suggestion from Al Lopez / studying pitchers

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Partial Transcript: Got to sit on the bench. And I know an incidence, uh, you'd probably like to hear this one.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky tells a story about manager Al Lopez telling him to go up and hit, and how his doing so helped his team. He also tells how he studied different pitchers and the tactics they used.

Keywords: Baseballs; Curve balls; Fastballs; Fowl balls; Hitters; Pitches; Practice

Subjects: Baseball managers.; Baseball players.; Lopez, Al, 1908-.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Pitchers (Baseball).; Trout, Dizzy, 1916-1972.

00:46:01 - Competitive pitchers

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Partial Transcript: Well, getting, actually, you know, talking about Trout, he was a mean pitcher, wasn't he?

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about some of the more competitive pitchers he knew when he played baseball.

Keywords: Baseball fans; Batting practice; Competition; Early Wynn; Fans; Hal Newhouser; Hitters; Pennants; Tomatoes

Subjects: Baseball players.; Cleveland Indians (Baseball Team).; Feller, Bob, 1918-2010.; Pitchers (Baseball).; Trout, Dizzy, 1916-1972.

00:48:35 - African American baseball players in the Major Leagues

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Partial Transcript: 1947 was the year that black ball players first started to play, um, and Larry Doby played with Cleveland.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about the integration of the Major Leagues and some of the black players he played against.

Keywords: Baseball fans; Batting practice; Fans; Hotels; Trains; Travel; Waiters

Subjects: African American baseball players.; Baseball players.; Brooklyn Dodgers (Baseball Team).; Campanella, Roy, 1921-1993.; Doby, Larry.; Newcombe, Donald.; Paige, Satchel, 1906-1982.; Philadelphia Athletics (Baseball team).; Pitchers (Baseball).; Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972.

00:53:46 - Playing as an outfielder

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Partial Transcript: Now, you played left field.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about playing as an outfielder for various teams, and in various stadiums. He also touches again on how he received his injury playing in the outfield.

Keywords: Baseball parks; Center field; Hitters; Left field; Pete Reiser; Power hitters; Shibe Park (Philadelphia, Penn.)

Subjects: Baseball fields.; Baseball players.; McCosky, William B. (William Barney).; Outfielders (Baseball).; Wounds and injuries.

00:56:22 - Changes in baseball equipment / artificial turf

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Partial Transcript: I'd like to talk a little bit about some of the differences of the game when, when you were playing and the game now.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky talks about some of the ways that the equipment used in baseball has changed since he was a player. He also discusses the difference between artificial and natural turf in how they affect the game.

Keywords: "Snow cones"; Baseball equipment; Baseball gloves; Baseballs; Bull pen; Catching; Doc Cramer; Fly balls; Line drive hits; Photographers; Shibe Park (Philadelphia, Penn.); Sunglasses

Subjects: Baseball fields.; Baseball players.; Greenberg, Hank.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Outfielders (Baseball).; Synthetic sporting surfaces.

01:01:57 - Standardization of baseball parks / players, salaries and endorsements

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Partial Transcript: Another thing too is that, uh, when you played, most of the parks had different configurations.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky discusses how ballparks have been standardized since his day. He talks about modern (1988) players, their salaries and endorsements, and public appearances that he made as a player. He stresses how modern players have a much greater interest in their salaries.

Keywords: Baseball parks; Baseballs; Batters' ring; Bubble gum; Dirt; Dugouts; Endorsements; Golf clubs; Grass; Louisville Slugger; Money; Personal appearances; Salaries; Stadiums; Wheaties

Subjects: Baseball fields.; Baseball players.; Baseball team owners.; DiMaggio, Joe, 1914-1999.; Greenberg, Hank.; League Park (Cleveland, Ohio).; Television.; Williams, Ted, 1918-2002.; Wrigley Field (Chicago, Ill.).

01:06:47 - Travel during McCosky's baseball career / team owners

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Partial Transcript: Well, the travel too was uh, was a little bit harder.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky recounts the difficulties of travel when he was a baseball player. In addition, he talks about several different team owners, especially Bill Veeck.

Keywords: Airplanes; Autographs; Baseball seasons; Books; Card games; Hearts (Card game); Humor; Letters; Money; Nurseries; Poker (Card game); Reading; Soot; Trains; Travel; Walter O. Briggs; Zane Grey

Subjects: Baseball players.; Baseball team owners.; Mack, Connie, 1862-1956.; Veeck, Bill.; Yawkey, Thomas A., 1903-1976.

01:11:13 - Designated hitters / the reserve clause

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Partial Transcript: I guess another thing that's really different too, is that, you know, American League now has a designated hitter.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky gives his opinion on the use of designated hitters, who were not used when he was a player. He also talks about the reserve clause.

Keywords: Averages; Contracts; Designated hitters; Free agency; Hitters; Investments; Money; Player salaries; Reserve clause; Salaries

Subjects: American League (Major League Baseball).; Baseball players.; Baseball team owners.; Chandler, Happy, 1898-1991.; DiMaggio, Joe, 1914-1999.; Greenberg, Hank.; Landis, Kenesaw Mountain, 1866-1944.; Major League Baseball (Organization).; National League (Major League Baseball).; Pitchers

01:15:39 - Importance of the player pension plan

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Partial Transcript: What, uh, we, we talked a little bit earlier, um, about the pension plan.

Segment Synopsis: McCosky tells how important the player pension plan is for him personally, as well as for other retired baseball players. He also talks briefly about some of the other changes in baseball, such as the prevalence of night games. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Artificial turf; Astroturf; Electric lights; Lights; Night games; Pension plans; Player pension plans; Retirement; Social Security; Television; World Series

Subjects: Baseball players.; Pensions.; Synthetic sporting surfaces.