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00:00:17 - His start in professional baseball

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Partial Transcript: Mr. Trucks, um, you broke into the minor leagues in the Alabama-Florida League in 1938, didn't you?

Segment Synopsis: Virgil Trucks talks about his start in minor league baseball and his first year in pro baseball, 1938. He talks about how that year was his best season in baseball.

Keywords: Alabama-Florida League; Baseball players; Seasons; Striking out

Subjects: Minor league baseball.; Pitchers (Baseball).

00:02:53 - Playing with the Detroit Tigers

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Partial Transcript: Well you came up, I guess and by '41 you were with wh--Buffalo?

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about playing with the Detroit Tigers starting in 1941 and his first game as a relief pitcher against the White Sox.

Keywords: Pennants; Relief pitching; Rookie players; Seasons

Subjects: Chicago White Sox (Baseball Team).; Detroit (Mich.).; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; Pitchers (Baseball).

00:05:09 - Serving in the Navy during World War II

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Partial Transcript: What did the coming of the war mean to you?

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about being drafted into service during World War II and how he got himself assigned to Great Lakes Naval Training Station. He talks about his job as a Specialist A and playing in the Army-Navy World Series set up to boost the morale of the enlisted men. He talks about some of the other baseball players in the armed forces.

Keywords: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz; Al Glossop; Army-Navy World Series; Athletes; Baeball fields; Billy Herman; Bob Klinger; Children; Clyde McCullough; Connie Ryan; Del Ennis; Draft; Entertainment; Gene Woodling; Guam; Honolulu, Hawaii; Johnny Vander Meer; Major Leaguers; Married; Morale; Pearl Harbor; Playing baseball; Recreation; Schoolboy Rowe; Specialist A; Sports; Traveling

Subjects: Naval Station Great Lakes (Ill.).; United States. Navy.; World Series (Baseball).; World War, 1939-1945.

00:17:20 - Playing in the 1945 World Series immediately after returning from the war

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Partial Transcript: Baseball in the, in the '40s really was the game, wasn't it?

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about pitching in the World Series only days after being discharged from the Navy. He talks about baseball as America's pastime and about the psychological aspects of the game.

Keywords: American pastime; American sport; Grand slam; Home field advantage; Pitching; Psychological aspects; Trains; Traveling

Subjects: Pitchers (Baseball).; World Series (Baseball).

00:21:34 - Chicago Cubs players from the 1945 World Series

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Partial Transcript: The, uh--let me just very quickly--(coughs)-- go over some of the Cub players that, that you were facing.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about several players on the opposing team during the 1945 World Series, the Chicago Cubs. He talks about the talents of each player and how he decided how to pitch to them.

Keywords: Bill Nicholson; Claude Passeau; Don Johnson; Hank Borowy; Paul Derringer; Peanuts Lowrey; Phil Cavarretta; Pitching staff; Scouting reports; Stan Hack

Subjects: Chicago Cubs (Baseball Team).; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; World Series (Baseball).

00:25:28 - Detroit Tigers players--I

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Partial Transcript: Well let me go over some of the Tiger players with you that played on that '45 team, even though you only played with them at the end of the, end of the season.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about several of his teammates from the Tigers, including their playing styles and their personalities.

Keywords: Al Benton; Art Houtteman; Dizzy Trout; Hal Newhouser; Stubby Overmire; Teasing

Subjects: Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; Pitchers (Baseball).; World Series (Baseball).

00:31:42 - Detroit Tigers players--II

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Partial Transcript: Uh, in those days all of us players enjoyed one another.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks more about his teammates from the Tigers, including their playing styles and their personalities. He talks about how the players got along and talks about how some would destroy property during games or start fires at hotels.

Keywords: Business; Charlie Gehringer; Closeness; Family; Fighting; Freddy Hutchinson; George Kell; Hank Greenberg; Hotel fires; Lightbulbs; Respect; Rudy York; Ted Gray; Together; Trades

Subjects: Baseball managers.; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).

00:42:53 - Detroit Tigers players III--roommates

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Partial Transcript: Now you had a, a roommate, Vic Wertz.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about several of his teammates from the Tigers, including their playing styles and their personalities. He talks about who he roomed with during the baseball season and how putting pitchers and catchers together helped them strategize. He talks about managers and salary negotiations.

Keywords: Ability; Birdie Tebbetts; Bob Swift; Dick Wakefield; Hoot Evers; Johnny Groth; Money; Paul Richards; Roommates; Vic Wertz

Subjects: Baseball managers.; Baseball players--Salaries, etc.--United States.; Catchers (Baseball).; Chicago White Sox (Baseball Team).; Pitchers (Baseball).

00:51:04 - The 1946 season

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Partial Transcript: Let me take you back to 1946.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about several events that occurred in 1946 including the creation of the Pittsburgh Pirates team, the Pasquels recruiting players for the Mexican League, and the resulting blacklisting of those players by Commissioner Chandler.

Keywords: Agents; Al Lopez; Alfonso Pasquel; Bans; Commissioner; Dixie Walker; Hank Greenberg; Player representatives; Suitcase of money

Subjects: Baseball players--Salaries, etc.--United States.; Chandler, Happy, 1898-1991.; Liga Mexicana de Beisbol Profesional.; Maglie, Sal, 1917-.; Pittsburgh Pirates (Baseball team).; Strikes and lockouts.

00:55:13 - Players' pensions and salaries

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Partial Transcript: That year also the owners got pretty antsy and player pensions started, um--

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about the conflict between owners and players over their salaries and pensions. He discusses why baseball unions were unsuccessful. He talks about other jobs he held during his baseball career.

Keywords: "Murphy Money"; Alabama Great Southern Railway; Barnstorming; Coal ashes; Major Leagues; Off-season; Player pensions; Playoffs

Subjects: Baseball players--Salaries, etc.--United States.; Baseball team owners.; Birmingham (Ala.).; Labor unions.

01:01:57 - Pitching against Ted Williams and Joe DiMaggio

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Partial Transcript: In '47 you finished second again.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about pitching against Ted Williams and Joe DiMaggio and the various pitches and strategies he used against them.

Keywords: Challenges; Change-up; Fastball; Pitching; Power pitchers; Slip pitch; Strategy

Subjects: DiMaggio, Joe, 1914-1999.; New York Yankees (Baseball Team).; Pitchers (Baseball).; Williams, Ted, 1918-2002.

01:06:50 - Playing with African American ballplayers

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Partial Transcript: In '47, Jackie Robinson broke into the Major Leagues.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about playing against Larry Doby, Jackie Robinson, and Satchel Paige. He talks about how he and other players felt about the desegregation of baseball.

Subjects: African American baseball players.; African Americans--Segregation.; Doby, Larry.; Paige, Satchel, 1906-1982.; Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972.

01:11:42 - Bill Veeck

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Partial Transcript: In '48 the Indians won.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about Major League Baseball promoter Bill Veeck and the tactics he used to entice people to baseball games.

Keywords: Artificial leg; Errors; Promoter; Trades

Subjects: Baseball fields.; Cleveland Indians (Baseball Team).; Doby, Larry.; Veeck, Bill.

01:16:13 - Detroit Tigers players and staff IV / Happy Chandler

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Partial Transcript: What are your recollections of Briggs Stadium?

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about the differences between several of the ballparks he played in. He talks more about several of his teammates from the Tigers, including their playing styles and their personalities. He talks about how he and other players felt about Commissioner Chandler and the previous commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis.

Keywords: Baseball players; Billy Evans; Briggs Stadium; Bucky Harris; Commissioners; Family; Steve O'Neill; Walter O. Briggs

Subjects: Baseball players--Salaries, etc.--United States.; Boston Red Sox (Baseball Team).; Chandler, Happy, 1898-1991.; Chicago White Sox (Baseball Team).; Detroit Tigers (Baseball Team).; Landis, Kenesaw Mountain, 1866-1944.; Pitchers (Baseball).

01:21:48 - Changes in baseball over the years

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Partial Transcript: Let me talk to you a little bit about what the game was like years ago and what it's like today.

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about how the game of baseball has changed over the years, including equipment, teams, and salaries.

Keywords: Baseball bats; Baseball gloves; Baseball players; Baseball teams; Changes; Equipment; Expansion; Quality; Strike zone

Subjects: Baseball.; Major League Baseball (Organization).; Minor league baseball.

01:26:04 - Conflict over pension plans and salaries

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Partial Transcript: Well one thing that happened to you--I, I mean I know the players now are making astronomical salaries but, but one thing that happened during your era of course was the pension plan and what does that mean to you now?

Segment Synopsis: Trucks talks about being a player when the players' pensions were created and what that meant to him. He talks about the conflict between current players and former players over paying in to the pension fund and the benefits they receive. He discusses how he feels about players having free agency. He talks about the endorsement deals he had during his career. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Ball clubs; Camel (cigarette); Contributions; Current players; Disagreements; Endorsements; Enjoyment; Free agency; Pension plans; Signing; Wheaties

Subjects: Baseball players--Salaries, etc.--United States.; Baseball players--United States.