Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Grace Litteral, June 14, 1988

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:30 - Growing up on a farm and life in a coal camp

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now tell me your name, and your birth date, and the place that you were born.

Segment Synopsis: Litteral talks about growing up on a farm and moving to the coal camp. She talks about growing a garden in the coal camps. She describes life in a coal camp, and talks about the churches in Auxier.

Keywords: Ancestors; Auxier (Ky.); Chickens; Christmas; Church; Clothing; Community church; Company stores; Country stores; Eggs; Farming; Fathers; Freewill Baptist Church; Gardens; Housework; Mothers; Moving; Parents; Quilting; Relatives; School; Selling; Socializing; Women; Working

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Families.; Mining camps.

00:12:51 - More on life in the coal camp

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Um, what do you think you worried about the most when you were--moved here with your husband and, and moved here to Auxier. What, what do you think was, was the thing that you worried about the most?

Segment Synopsis: Litteral talks about her children going to school, and about sicknesses in the coal camp. She talks about buying groceries at the company store, and about miners getting injured on the job.

Keywords: Auxier (Ky.); Catalogs; Children; Community; Company stores; Doctors; Groceries; Health; Illness; Injuries; Libraries; Measles; Midwives; Mines; Moving; Parents; Radio; School; Sickness; Walking; Working; Worries

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Coal mine accidents; Coal miners' spouses; Coal mines and mining; Mining camps.

00:21:26 - Miner unions / more about growing up on the farm

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, um, I don't know, I haven't asked anybody this, I've just, you know this is just the first interview but--

Segment Synopsis: Litteral talks about the miners' unions in Auxier and about miners getting black lung. She talks about the social events that her family participated in when she was growing up on the farm.

Keywords: Activities; Apples; Beans; Black lung; Childhood; Children; Cousins; Dairy cows; Family; Farms; Friends; Growing up; Labor unions; Milk; Moving; Music; Organs; Parents; Playing; Teachers; Town; United Mine Workers; Vegetable gardens; Women

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Coal miners--Kentucky--Auxier; Coal miners--Labor unions--Kentucky; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky--Auxier; Country life; Families.

00:32:20 - Education then and now

Play segment

Partial Transcript: How far were you able to go in school?

Segment Synopsis: Litteral talks about what she learned in school and discusses how education is lacking at the time of the interview and how it has changed since she was in school. She talks about going to singing school and singing in a choir. She explains that not many people in her community were able to go to high school.

Keywords: Differences; Geography; Grades; High school; Learning; Music notes; Organs; Reading; Schools; Singing school; Teachers; Writing

Subjects: Country life; Education, Elementary; Education--Kentucky; Rural schools--Kentucky

00:40:30 - Freewill Baptist Church in Auxier--Part I

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I know what I can ask about.

Segment Synopsis: Litteral describes a typical Sunday when she goes to church. She talks about having social events at the church and she discusses gender roles in the church.

Keywords: Breakfast; Christianity; Church services; Freewill Baptists; Gender roles; Men; Ministers; Pastors; Women

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Religion; Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Churches--Kentucky; Country life; Kentucky--Religion

00:48:37 - Freewill Baptist Church in Auxier--Part II

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Um-hm. Is your minister married?

Segment Synopsis: Litteral describes the pastors at her church. She talks about the generosity of the people at the church. She discusses the advantages of pastors getting trained at a seminary.

Keywords: Bible school; Building; Charity; Church finances; Donations; Freewill Baptists; Ministers; Pastors; Seminary

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachian Region--Religion; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Church buildings--Kentucky.; Churches--Kentucky

01:02:55 - Transportation before cars / black lung

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Do you, uh, remember your grandparents?

Segment Synopsis: Litteral talks about the little she remembers of her grandmother. She talks about getting around by horse or walking and talks about how people rely on cars at the time of the interview. She talks about coal miners getting black lung.

Keywords: Black lung; Cars; Coal mines; Grandmothers; Grandparents; Horses; Husbands; Transportation; Walking; Working

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Country life; Families.

01:09:58 - Changes in family life / finances and housing

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Did life ever get boring--oh, go ahead.

Segment Synopsis: Litteral discusses how family life has changed from when she was young to the time of the interview. She talks about how people are not as careful with their finances as they should be. She describes the house she grew up in.

Keywords: Affection; Breakfast; Debt; Family; Gardens; Grandmothers; Land; Love; Meals; Sickness; Standard of living; Supper; Togetherness

Subjects: Appalachian Region; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Families.; Housing