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00:00:00 - Moving from farms to coal camps

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Partial Transcript: Mr. Clifton, this is our second interview. Um, tell me your whole name.

Segment Synopsis: Clifton talks about people moving from the farms to the coal camps, and some people who worked in the mines that didn't live in the camps. He talks about housing in the coal camps, and the grade school. He talks about the social life in the mining camps.

Keywords: Coal camps; Coal companies; Doctors; Farming; Grade school; Horseback; Jobs; Schools; Working

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Housing--Appalachian Region

00:09:03 - Getting the unions organized

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Partial Transcript: Um, what kinds of ways did your dad help organize the union and what kinds of things did he say about the union?

Segment Synopsis: Clifton talks about organizing the union and his father's involvement in it. He talks about the police that were hired by the coal company and says that once the union was organized, they hired the city police and a city board.

Keywords: Coal companies; Contracts; Education; Fathers; Organizing unions; Police; Superintendents; United Mine Workers; Wages

Subjects: Coal miners--Labor unions--Kentucky; Mining camps; United Mine Workers of America

00:19:45 - City board and the United Mine Workers / mining camp community

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Partial Transcript: Well, what was this city board like, this town board?

Segment Synopsis: Clifton talks about the city board that the union men put together. He talks about how the union improved working conditions, wages, and the community and social lives of the coal miners.

Keywords: City board; Community; Meetings; Mine unions; Miners; Superintendents; United Mine Workers

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social life and customs; Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Coal miners--Labor unions--Kentucky; United Mine Workers of America

00:31:06 - Coal mining / wages, debt, and food stamps

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Partial Transcript: Well I got, I got one more kind of question to ask and I don't know, I hope you're comfortable with it.

Segment Synopsis: Clifton describes the process of mining coal from a vein. He talks about the work that the men on the tipple did, and the different grades of coal from the block down to "doodle dust." He talks about the checkweighmen who were hired by the union. He talks about getting into debt to the coal company, and how the coal company took care of the men during times of low work, as there were no food stamps.

Keywords: Check weighmen; Checks; Coal cars; Food stamps; Tipples; United Mine Workers; Wages

Subjects: Appalachians (People)--Kentucky--Social conditions; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; United Mine Workers of America