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00:00:05 - The importance of planning city growth

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Partial Transcript: This is an unrehearsed interview with Gordon Garner at the Metropolitan Sewer District in Louisville, Kentucky on July 18th, 1989.

Segment Synopsis: Gordon Garner is introduced. He talks about why planning and firm policies are important to control development and growth. He says these policies protect communities from exploitation, as well as protecting natural resources. He gives examples in Lexington, Louisville, and rural areas of Kentucky.

Keywords: Area development districts; Documentation; Economic development; Environmental Cabinet; Exploitation; Growth planning; Hazardous waste; Landfills; Legislation; Morris Forman Waste Water Treatment Plant; Plans; Policies; Resource protection; Rural areas; Rural counties; State government; Water Department; Wetlands; Zoning

Subjects: Community development.; Conservation of natural resources; Development policy analysis; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Land use, Rural--Kentucky; Lexington (Ky.).; Louisville (Ky.); Natural areas; Real estate development.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rural development.; Waste disposal sites

00:10:56 - Metropolitan Sewer District's planning

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Partial Transcript: What about the part of the Metropolitan Sewer District in all of this?

Segment Synopsis: Garner talks about his employer, Metropolitan Sewer District's planning and policies in regard to sewers and development in Louisville.

Keywords: Developers; Development; Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD); Planning; Plans; Policies; Rural areas; Sewers; Strategies

Subjects: Drainage.; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Lexington (Ky.).; Louisville (Ky.); Organic wastes.; Sewage.; Sewerage.

00:14:36 - Water quality

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Partial Transcript: Um, what about water quality?

Segment Synopsis: Garner talks about Kentucky's natural water resources and how they became polluted. He talks about ways the water quality in Kentucky has been improved, such as wastewater treatment.

Keywords: Clean Water Act; Deterioration; Kentucky River; Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD); Ohio River; Oil wells; Positive impact; Recreational tourism; Regulations; Secondary treatment; Sewer systems; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Wastewater treatment; Water Sanitation Commission

Subjects: Conservation of natural resources; Effluent quality; Environmental law.; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Louisville (Ky.); Pollution.; Water quality.

00:22:11 - Storm drains

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Partial Transcript: And you mentioned before one of the issues in Louisville is, um, separation of rainwater runoff and--

Segment Synopsis: Garner talks about the issue of storm drains which allow rainwater runoff to enter the water supply, and why this is a problem. He talks about strategies for resolving this issue.

Keywords: Contamination; Monitoring; Ohio River; Rainwater; Strategies; Wastewater

Subjects: Combined sewers; Effluent quality; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Lexington (Ky.).; Pollution.; Storm sewers.; Urban runoff.; Water quality.

00:27:39 - Personal interest in environmentalism

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Partial Transcript: You said that a major issue--reason why you came to MSD was to be able to deal with issues like that.

Segment Synopsis: Garner talks about how he personally became interested in environmentalism, citing his childhood in Kentucky and his father's interest in agriculture and nature. He talks about his work improving water quality on Indian reservations, and discusses why many people working for the EPA began in the public health sector.

Keywords: American Indians; Baby boomers; County fairs; Deaths; Environmental issues; Ethical sportsperson; Fathers; Gun safety; Hunting; Infant mortality rates; Interest; Kentuckians; Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD); Native Americans; Nature; Public Health Service; Sanitation; Standards; Travel; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); Waterborne diseases

Subjects: Engineering--Study and teaching; Environmentalism; Indian reservations.; Indians of North America.; Natural areas; Water quality.

00:36:16 - Changes needed for the future

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Partial Transcript: The, the oth, the other thing that, that, that I think has contributed to my own understanding as being an engineer, uh, uh, is, is having a, a better understanding of the impact of, of the activities of man on nature.

Segment Synopsis: Garner talks about the changes that will be necessary in the future to continue protecting natural resources. He talks about the change from focusing on industry-level recycling to the individual level, and the importance of educating and communicating with the general public.

Keywords: Awareness; Changes; Communication; Costs; Future; Impact; Individuals; Industry; Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD); Rural areas; Teaching; Tours

Subjects: Conservation of natural resources; Environmental education.; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Environmentalism; Recycling (Waste, etc.); Water quality.

00:43:33 - Advice for future environmentalists

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Partial Transcript: The, the last question that we've been asking people is whether they would have any advice for a young person starting out in Kentucky now who's full of zeal to protect Kentucky resources, about how to do it most effectively.

Segment Synopsis: Garner gives advice for those looking to enter the field of environmental protection. He talks about the importance of education, specifically in the fields of technology and science. He talks about the need for good communication skills, and gaining experience through hands-on work while in school. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Administration; Advice; American Indians; Attorneys; Careers; Co-op programs; Communication; Computers; Costs; Engineers; Environmental issues; Experience; Finance; Growth; Indian reservations.; Indians of North America.; Interests; Native Americans; Opportunities; People; Planning; Public administrators; Science; Skills; Technical education; Technology; Work environment

Subjects: Conservation of natural resources; Environmental education.; Environmental protection--Kentucky; Environmentalism; Hazardous wastes