Interview with James A. Jackson, December 30, 1991

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Family background

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Partial Transcript: This is an oral history interview with James Jackson for the University of Kentucky Family Farm, uh, Oral History Project.

Segment Synopsis: James A. Jackson shares about his family members and their careers. This includes his parents and his four sisters.

Keywords: Ages; Auctions; Careers; Cows; Dairy farm; Extension agents; Food; Homes; Jobs; Retirement; Siblings; Sisters

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African American parents; African Americans--Employment

GPS: Hopkinsville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 36.854722, -87.488889
00:04:21 - Family's education

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Partial Transcript: Um, gosh you started a lot of things in, in my mind here. Um. What about your--let's start with education.

Segment Synopsis: Jackson discusses the educational experience of himself and his family members. He explains the careers their education led to. He also shares about his family's military background.

Keywords: Careers; College; Cows; Dairy; Degrees; General Education Diploma (GED); Majors; Military; Milking; PhD; ROTC; Schools; Training; University of Louisville; Vocational schools; Western Kentucky University

Subjects: African American farmers; African American parents; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Employment

00:12:22 - Childhood farm / inheritance of land

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Partial Transcript: Um, let's, um, let's go back to your--the, the place where you were born.

Segment Synopsis: Jackson reflects on memories about his childhood farm. He discusses the crops and livestock that were raised by his father on their farm. He explains the way his family farm was passed down to the next generation.

Keywords: Acres; Alfalfa; Aunts; Cows; Crops; Dairy; Equipment; Grain; Grandfathers; Land; Military; Payments; Retirement; Siblings; Tobacco; Wills; World War II

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers

GPS: Hopkinsville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 36.854722, -87.488889
00:19:55 - Changes on the farm

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Partial Transcript: What's the farm like now? How has it changed since when you--your first memories of the farm?

Segment Synopsis: Jackson explains various changes that occurred on his family farm over the years. This includes getting rid of Stanchion barns and upgrading farming equipment.

Keywords: Acres; Cost of farming; Cows; Crops; Dairy; Equipment; Finances; Gardens; Grade A; John Deere; Leasing; Mennonite farmers; Milk room; Milking; Properties; Rent; Stanchion barns; Tractors

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:28:03 - Farming education / farming partnerships

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Partial Transcript: Where did your, uh, your dad learn about--you said he read a lot. What kind of things would he read to learn--

Segment Synopsis: Jackson shares about his father's continuation of farm education. He learned about new farming techniques, built good relationships with extension agents, and attended night classes. His father also formed a relationship with a Mennonite farmer in his community.

Keywords: Artificial insemination (AI); Bulls; Cattle; Courses; Cows; Dairy; Equipment; Extension agents; Mennonites; Night classes; Partnerships; Practice; Teamwork; Techniques

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Education

00:38:38 - Division of labor / experience at school

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Partial Transcript: So you started when you were a young child working. You and your sisters would work--

Segment Synopsis: Jackson recalls the way labor was divided on the farm when he was growing up. He shares what he and his sister did as chores. He explains the differences and similarities between his parents' roles on the farm.

Keywords: Black schools; Bookkeeping; Bush hog; Calves; Chores; Cleaning; Cooking; Cows; Feeding; Field work; Finances; Gender roles; Grades; Grain; Hay; Marriage; Milking; Sisters; Taxes; Teachers; Tractors

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Education

00:46:10 - Childhood home

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Partial Transcript: Um, lets see, where was I? The house that you, that you lived in, what was it like?

Segment Synopsis: Jackson explains changes that occurred to his childhood home. He describes its layout and who slept in which bedroom.

Keywords: Additions; Barns; Building; Construction; Grandmothers; Home; Houses; Rooms; Sisters; Snakes; Timber; Wood

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Housing

00:50:49 - Race relations in the community

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Partial Transcript: Um, what about the, the community in, uh, in your, in your background?

Segment Synopsis: Jackson shares about the small community he grew up in as a child. He explains the implicit racism and discrimination that occurred.

Keywords: Black; Children; Church of Christ; Churches; Community; Competition; Differences; Discrimination; Diversity; Friends; Games; Jobs; Race; Schools; Separation; White

Subjects: African American farmers; Race relations--Kentucky; Racism--Untied States; Rural African Americans

00:56:59 - Parents' community involvement

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Partial Transcript: Was your father, uh, or is he now, uh--well he's obviously a recognized person in the--

Segment Synopsis: Jackson shares about his parents' involvement in their local community. This includes working on boards and various organizations.

Keywords: Achievements; Boards; Churches; Community; Dairy; Discrimination; Farmer Home Administration; Fathers; KDRI; Mothers; Veteran of Foreign Wars

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Social life and customs

01:02:05 - Government farming policies

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Partial Transcript: Um, one, one more question. We've, we've gone about an hour. And maybe the next time we can talk about your farm more explicitly.

Segment Synopsis: Jackson describes various government farming policies that he and his father have utilized as farmers.

Keywords: Conservation; Disaster payment; Drainage wades; Droughts; Income; Minority farmers; Policies; Ponds; Programs; Reservation; Weeds

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture