Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:00 - Family background

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: This is an oral history project, um, with Kenneth Anderson for the University of Kentucky Family Farm Oral History Interviews.

Segment Synopsis: Kenneth T. Anderson shares about his personal background such as his birth place and date. He describes his parents' careers when he was growing up.

Keywords: Careers; Carpenters; Garrard County (Ky.); Home businesses; Interior decorators; Jobs; Siblings; Sisters; Small farms

Subjects: African American families; African American parents; African Americans--Employment


GPS: Garrard County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.65, -84.54
00:05:50 - Father's start in farming

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: How did your father get into farming?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson recalls his father's farming career when he was young. He describes how renting farm land worked and the process of buying farm land in the 1940s.

Keywords: Acres; Crops; Debt; Grandfathers; Hogs; Land; Loans; Pigs; Rent; Small farms; Tobacco

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:12:05 - Personal start in farming

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: And so then you, uh--when you started farming, when did you start farming on your own?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson explains his start in farming and renting farm land off of Arthur Dunn. He describes buying his own farm and the crops he grew on his farm. He discusses owning dairy cows and running a dairy farm.

Keywords: Acres; Cattle; Cows; Dairy; Factories; Farm work; Hired hands; Jobs; Land; Livestock; Marriage; Milking; Rent; Tobacco; Wife

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Employment

00:16:54 - Children's careers

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: What, what did your wife do? Back in that time.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson shares about his children's careers, which included being an office manager and a welder.

Keywords: American Tokyo Rope; Army; Careers; Children; Grandchildren; Manager; Offices; Steel plant; Tires; Truck drivers; Welding; Wife

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Employment

00:23:37 - Purchasing his own farm

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: So what, um, what made you decide to buy your own place?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson describes the process of buying his own farm. He shares about crops that grew on it and livestock that he owned. He discusses milk prices and growing feed.

Keywords: Acres; Barns; Cows; Dairy; Farms; Feed; Land; Loans; Milk cows; Milking; Prices; Tobacco

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:27:45 - Government involvement in farming

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: What do you think about the government's involvement in, in farming?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson shares his thoughts about government farming programs. He explains the difficulties of participating in government programs and the reason he avoids them.

Keywords: Big farms; Cost; Fertilizer; Free seed; Government polices; Money; Prices; Programs; Small farms; Soil; Tobacco; University of Kentucky

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:31:21 - Personal farming practices

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: So how do you, how do you go about it your own way?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson shares about his own farming practices including growing tobacco and raising dairy cows. He describes difficulties in farming, including crop shortages.

Keywords: Acres; Age; Careers; Corn; Crops; Difficulties; Farming equipment; Hay; Hired help; Jobs; Milk; Overtime; Rent; Seasons; Small farms; Tobacco; Whirlpool

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Employment

00:35:53 - Growing up on a farm

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: And you said, uh, earlier you said something about being raised to be, uh, a farmer. That you wanted to be a, a farmer since you were a young boy.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses his childhood growing up on a farm. He shares about growing tobacco for 4-H, his sister and mother helping on the farm, and the equipment used on his childhood farm.

Keywords: 4-H; Cars; Farm life; Farming equipment; Gardens; Mothers; Sisters; Strip tobacco; Tobacco; Tobacco setters

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; Rural African Americans

00:40:31 - Childhood home / mother's cooking

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Can you tell me about the, the house you grew up in? What it--what was it was like? What kind of building was it?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson describes his childhood home that his mother still owned at the time of this recording. He discusses the kinds of stoves used by his mother growing up. He shares about the different foods his mother would make or can, including blackberry preserves and fried chicken.

Keywords: Baking; Blackberries; Breakfast; Cakes; Canning; Chickens; Childhood home; Coal; Fathers; Gas stoves; Kitchens; Meat; Mothers; Parents; Pies; Potatoes; Sisters; Smokehouses; Vegetables; Wood; Wood stoves

Subjects: African American cooking; African American families; African Americans--Housing; Rural African Americans

00:49:16 - Childhood education

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: What about when you went to school? Can you tell me about that? When did you, uh, start schooling?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses going to school in a one room building with his sister. He also recalls when one of his sons first started attending school.

Keywords: Black schools; Children; Elementary schools; Grades; Integration; School buildings; Siblings

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Education; Rural African Americans

00:54:04 - Black farming community / employment while farming

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: But you knew you were gonna be a farmer when you were--

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses the Black farming community in Garrard County, Kentucky. He describes communal hog killings and helping each other on their farms.

Keywords: 'Hog killing'; 'Make a living'; Arthur Dunn; Careers; Community; Cooking; Farm work; Garrard County (Ky.); Grandfathers; Hay; Helping; Hog box; Meat; Pigs; Public work; Slaughter; Thomas Peters; Tobacco

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Social life and customs


GPS: Garrard County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.65, -84.54
01:01:17 - Church involvement

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Are they the same type of church?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson reflects on his church that he had grown up in and its dwindling membership. He recalls events that have been held at his church and the families that attend it.

Keywords: Baptists; Church; Church members; Community; Congregation; Families; Involvement; Meeting; Revivals; Services

Subjects: African American Christians; African American churches

01:05:15 - Future in farming / changes in tobacco farming

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Well, um, one other thing I, I wanted to ask you was about your farm here. You've got this pretty good size farm here, back in this beautiful country. Uh, what's gonna happen to this farm when you pass on?

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses his future in farming and what will happen to his farm. He explains why people no longer want to farm. He describes the decrease in tobacco prices and how that affects farmers.

Keywords: Children; Cigarettes; Discrimination; Government; Labor; Markets; Money; Prices; Profits; Selling; Small farms; Smokers; Tobacco; Treatment; Wife

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; Rural African Americans