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00:00:00 - Growing up on a family farm

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Partial Transcript: This is an interview by Elizabeth Albert on January 24th, 1992 with Mrs. Anne Mason.

Segment Synopsis: Anne N. Mason begins her interview by discussing some of her experiences growing up on a family farm in Kentucky. She shares about her parents' and grandparents' backgrounds. She describes the various kinds of livestock and crops that were raised on her childhood farm.

Keywords: Cattle; Chickens; Crops; Eggs; Goats; Grandparents; Lambs; Land; Livestock; Memories; Milk; Neighbors; Parents; Pigs; Siblings; Small farms; Tobacco

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Housing; Rural African Americans

GPS: Bourbon County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.2, -84.21
00:08:59 - Chores on the farm

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Partial Transcript: What about chores? Do you remember having any chores?

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses a variety of chores she had to perform while growing up on a farm. She also explains the differences between the girls' chores and the boys' chores.

Keywords: Batteries; Chores; Cleaning; Coal; Delco set; Eggs; Farm work; Parents; Siblings; Water; Water pumps; Wood; Wood stove; Work

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; Rural African Americans

00:13:05 - Workers on parents' farm / processing meat

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Partial Transcript: Who did most of the farm work?

Segment Synopsis: Mason explains how German prisoners of war were used on farms in Kentucky as farm hands. She shares how she would help serve them meals during the summer when they were helping her family harvest tobacco. She describes how her family processed their own meat.

Keywords: Beef; Brothers; Canning; Cattle; Cooking; Farm work; Freezer lockers; Fruit; Gardening; Meals; Meat; POWs; Parents; Pigs; Preserves; Prisoners of war; Summers; Tobacco; WWII; World War II

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Agriculture

00:17:07 - Relationship with parents

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Partial Transcript: Tell me about your parents. How do you remember them when you were a child as being? I mean. Where you close to them?

Segment Synopsis: Mason highlights her relationship with her parents and discusses her mother's death. She explains the gender roles in her childhood home. She speaks about her religious background as well.

Keywords: Baptists; Chores; Church; Death; Fathers; Gender roles; Mothers; Parents; Sewing; Siblings; Upbringing

Subjects: African American Christians; African American children; African American families; African American parents; African Americans--Agriculture

00:20:25 - Education as a child / relationship with grandparents

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Partial Transcript: What about school? What do you remember about going to school?

Segment Synopsis: Mason describes her educational experience as a child growing up on a farm. She highlights her memories about schools and differences in schooling now. She explains her relationship with her grandparents as a child.

Keywords: Attendance; Bus; Children; Grandfathers; Grandmothers; Grandparents; Honor role; Inheritance; Parent Teacher Association (PTA); School; Siblings; Snow days

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Education; Segregation--United States

00:26:42 - Childhood community activities / selling milk

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Partial Transcript: Tell me about, um, about other--you mentioned you went to church. Um, what other kind of social gatherings were there?

Segment Synopsis: Mason describes the activities she and her family partook in when she was younger. This included attending church, day trips, and going for car rides. She explains the process of selling milk on small farms.

Keywords: Church; Community activities; Cottage cheese; Cream; Family outings; Family reunions; Milk; Milk cans; Parks; Separator; Sightseeing; Tobacco; Trips

Subjects: African American Christians; African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Social life and customs

GPS: Natural Bridge State Park (Stanton (Ky.))
Map Coordinates: 37.7775, -83.693611
00:31:12 - Life on large childhood farm

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Partial Transcript: Now what was the house like on the large farm that you moved on?

Segment Synopsis: Mason describes her family's move and life on a larger farm when she was younger. She explains what changed in the move and what was grown on the larger farm.

Keywords: Barns; Brothers; Buildings; Careers; Cattle; Chickens; Corn; Crops; Dairy; Farm hands; Farming equipment; Harvest; Hay; Help; Hogs; House; Land; Large farms; Pigs; Sharecropping; Tenant farming; Tobacco; Tobacco setter

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Housing; Rural African Americans

00:39:13 - Family use of farm / caring for younger siblings

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Partial Transcript: Hm. What parts of the farm were solely for your family? I, I mean you mentioned the corn and the hay and all that, I assume, was sold.

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses the ways her family was self-sufficient when she was growing up. She explains how she helped raise her younger sibling after her mother's death, and its effect on her own life.

Keywords: Appliances; Beef; Cattle; Cisterns; College; Corn; Electricity; Fathers; Feed; Hay; House; Kentucky State University; Marriage; Milk; Mothers; Siblings; Step mothers; Water

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Housing

00:45:36 - Relationship with step mother / leaving home

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Partial Transcript: And what, what went on with this new farm? What, what did he grow there?

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses her relationship with her step-mother. She also describes her younger sibling's relationship with her as well. She shares about getting married and leaving home.

Keywords: College; Cows; Gardens; High school; Hogs; Husbands; Marriage; Milk; Pigs; Small farms; Step mothers; Tobacco; Younger siblings

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; Rural African Americans

00:50:17 - Husband's farm work / personal role on farm

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Partial Transcript: Now, what year did you get married in?

Segment Synopsis: Mason shares about her early years of marriage and her husband's farming experience while they were married. She describes her own role on their farm which included bookkeeping and serving meals to farm hands.

Keywords: Book keeping; Careers; Cattle; Children; Cooking; Corn; Farmhands; Farms; Gardens; Help; Husband; Income; Marriage; Meals; Money; Profits; Property; Sharecropping; Tobacco

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:58:21 - Hazards of farming

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Partial Transcript: Now when you say farming is dangerous, do you recall anything from your family or your past? Any accidents? Or what, what kinds of dangers--

Segment Synopsis: Mason recalls injuries and accidents that occurred during farming. She describes a specific incident where her son was injured when helping her husband on their farm.

Keywords: Farming equipment; Future Farmers of America (FFA); Hogs; Hospitals; Injuries; Livestock; Pigs; Setting tobacco; Tobacco

Subjects: Accidents; African American families; African Americans--Agriculture

01:01:48 - Owning a family farm / involvement with extension agents

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Partial Transcript: So tell me about this farm. How many acres is this?

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses their land and property ownership. She shares about her involvement with extension agents such as the 4-H program.

Keywords: 4-H clubs; Advisers; Apartments; Canning; Co-op; Co-operatives; Extension agents; Farming equipment; Farms; Feed; Government programs; Houses; Land; Projects; Property; Seeds; Sewing; Shares; Siblings; Southern States; Supplies; Trips

Subjects: African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Social life and customs

01:08:51 - Changes on farm / community involvement

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Partial Transcript: So your involved, i, is it with, um, the school board?

Segment Synopsis: Mason highlights changes on her family's farm that have occurred over the years. She describes the many boards and committees she is involved with.

Keywords: Art council; Community involvement; Cub Scouts; Den mothers; Farm hands; Farmer's Home; Governor Task Force; Help; Literary council; Meals; Organizations; Plant beds; Programs; School boards; Southern States; Teen Center; Tobacco; YMCA

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Education

GPS: Georgetown (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.209722, -84.56
01:13:37 - Personal thoughts on farming / soil conversation

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Partial Transcript: When you say you were involved in farming, what kinds of things? Was it bookkeeping?

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses her personal opinions about farming and working on a farm. She explains the values she feels farming fosters and the importance of soil conservation. She describes her husband's and son's soil conservation efforts.

Keywords: 'Runner'; Agriculture economics; Bookkeeping; Careers; Children; Environment; Farm programs; Farming life; Lifestyle; Manual labor; Morals; Record keeping; Rural areas; Soil conservation; Values

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; Soil conservation

01:19:47 - Use of pesticides on farms / difficulties of farming

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Partial Transcript: What about, um, chemical fertilizers or pesticides or anything like that? What's your--first of all I guess, when do you first remember hearing about those or using them?

Segment Synopsis: Mason recalls different pesticides that have been used in her farming experience. She describes various bans and application methods of pesticides. She explains difficulties faced by farmers, especially small farmers, such as droughts.

Keywords: Bans; Chemicals; Crop dusting; Crops; Droughts; Employment; Extension offices; Irrigation; Produce; Profit; Selling crops; Southern States; Tobacco; Water

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions; Pesticides

01:27:48 - Farming lifestyle

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Partial Transcript: I, I just want to ask you some sort of general questions about farming as a way of life, I guess.

Segment Synopsis: Mason discusses her thoughts about farming lifestyles. She explains why she is glad she was raised on a farm and that she raised her sons on a farm.

Keywords: Activities; Children; Cities; Farming equipment; Farming lifestyle; Fishing; Morals; Raised on farm; Responsibility; Rural; Self-sufficient; Tractors; Values

Subjects: African American families; African American youth; Rural African Americans

01:32:06 - Effects of Toyota factory / future of family farms

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Partial Transcript: Where you here when Toyota came?

Segment Synopsis: Mason describes the construction of Toyota and how that affected her family's farm. She discusses the future of small family farms.

Keywords: 'Sister school'; Cattle; Construction; Exchange students; Factories; Japan; Newspapers; Pollution; Scott County High School; Toyota; Utilities; Water

Subjects: African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Employment; Rural African Americans; Toyota Motor Manufacturing U.S.A.