Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:00 - Creating community groups and programs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And Hollis West, you know, he sort of had a knack for seemingly--(laughs)--he changed the whole
flavor, so.

Segment Synopsis: Irma Gall discusses her involvement with the Lend-A-Hand Centers, community centers located around Stinking Creek, Kentucky which were established during the War on Poverty. She talks about some of the programs offered by the centers.

Keywords: Community centers; Community groups; Coordinators; Dean of Union College (Ky.); Development grants; Early childhood programs; Grassroots; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; War on Poverty; Youth programs

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

00:07:02 - Conflicts over the community centers

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now we had fights. We had some knife-pullings and we had one night, um, one night we had a gang who came while we were having a meeting.

Segment Synopsis: Gall describes some of the conflicts that occurred at the community centers including fights and gang-related violence. She talks about the racial and religious differences causing many of the conflicts.

Keywords: African Americans; Community centers; Conflicts; Crafts; Fights; Gangs; Incidents; Industry; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Religious differences

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Religion; Knox County (Ky.); Race relations--Appalachian Region

00:17:50 - Community programs for the rural poor

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I wanna backtrack just a little bit, because, you know, Knox County seems to have had a relatively successful time--

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about the War on Poverty programs created to help the poor and discusses her opinion on tailoring the programs to specifically fit the needs of the poor in rural areas.

Keywords: Community centers; Economic Opportunity Council (EOC); Industry; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO); Poor People's Coalition; Sense of worth; War on Poverty programs

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

00:22:53 - Allowing people to be their own voice

Play segment

Partial Transcript: We had a person by the name of Judy Baker, who probably doesn't even show up anywhere.

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about a woman named Judy Baker who was a coordinator with the community action group. She talks more about the community group and the local power structure which they conflicted with at times. She talks about her desire to let the opinions of the local people be heard and taken into consideration.

Keywords: Changes; Community Action Groups; Community Action Programs (CAP); Community center meetings; Corruption; Discussions; Judy Baker; Leadership; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Poor People's Coalition (PPC); Power structures; Proposals; Representatives; School superintendents; War on Poverty

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

00:34:44 - Volunteers In Service to America / gender roles

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now tossed into this mixture are, maybe you could say another group of hotheads, th, the VISTAs and the Appalachian Volunteers?

Segment Synopsis: Gall discusses the VISTA program and their involvement with the community centers. She talks about the role of women in the War on Poverty.

Keywords: Changes; Closed minds; Communities; Conflict; Gender oles; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Psychologists; Stereotypes; VISTA; Women

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Knox County (Ky.); Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.; Volunteers in Service to America

00:40:41 - Staff and power structure of the community centers

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I’ve been asking all the questions so far. Why don’t you go ahead and--

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about how the community centers operated and who was in charge. She talks more about the programs the centers offered.

Keywords: Community Action Programs (CAP); Community centers; Community programs; Directors; General Educational Development tests (GED); Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Power structures; Staff

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

00:45:07 - Community centers now / Hollis West

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Are, are most of those centers still around?

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about whether the community centers still exist. She discusses Hollis West who took over as the head of the Knox County antipoverty agency.

Keywords: Communities; Community Action Programs (CAP); Community centers; Early childhood programs; Hollis West; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Local people; Meetings; Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO); Power; Representation; Talking

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

00:55:02 - Impact of the Office of Economic Opportunity programs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Did you think you were succeeding?

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about the possibility of measuring the impact of the War on Poverty programs.

Keywords: Changes; Community centers; Impact; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO); Power; Results; Social workers; Television; War on Poverty

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.

01:03:48 - More about conflicts with local people

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now the reason I was there, I think...

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks more about the conflicts surrounding the community centers. She talks about race relations as well as gender conflicts and divorce. She discusses the end of the program.

Keywords: Auditing; Blame; Child welfare; Community Action Groups; Community Action Programs (CAP); Conflicts; Dances; Directors; Divorces; Government housing; Hollis West; Interracial marriages; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Local people; Threats

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.; Race relations--Appalachian Region

01:12:32 - Impact of the War on Poverty

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well what, d--what do you think the, the War on Poverty and all that activity did accomplish?

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about what she believes the War on Poverty accomplished.

Keywords: Accomplishments; Coal industry; Jobs; Televisions; VISTAs; War on Poverty

Subjects: Economic assistance, Domestic--Appalachian Region; Poverty--Government policy--United States--History--20th century.; Volunteers in Service to America

01:17:05 - More about conflicts and threats against the program

Play segment

Partial Transcript: There was a real blend of outsiders and insiders.

Segment Synopsis: Gall talks about the blend of outsiders and community members working with the community groups. She talks more about the conflicts surrounding the community centers and the threats they received. She describes what she considers a success story that came out of the community groups. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Bombs; Bootleggers; Community centers; Conflicts; Dynamite; Education; Grand Ole Opry; Leaders; Lend A Hand Centers; Lend-A-Hand-Centers; Moonshiners; Outsiders; Success stories; Threats

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social conditions