Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Harold A. Rice, March 17, 1992

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:03 - Personal background

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Partial Transcript: This is a Farm Family--Kentucky Farm Family Oral History Program interview, uh, being conducted with Mr. Harold Rice...

Segment Synopsis: Harold Rice discusses his early history, from his time in the Army and when he became a farmer.

Keywords: Army; Atomic bomb; Cotton; Crops; Family farms; Fulton County (Ky.); Harold Rice; Hickman (Ky.); Murray State University; Sharecrop landlords; Sharecropper houses; Tokyo Bay; Wars; World War II (WWII)

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions; Business; Segregation

GPS: Hickman (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 36.567222, -89.186389
00:07:37 - Farming

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Partial Transcript: Now I might, might tell you, that the r--the, the thrifty sharecroppers, if they knew how to take care of their money, they would end up an--accumulating money...

Segment Synopsis: Rice discusses the cropping seasons and the work that it takes to prepare the cotton.

Keywords: Cash crops; Cotton; Cotton gin; Farming equipment; Land ownership; Rent; Sharecropping; Tractors; Wages; World War II (WWII)

Subjects: African American farmers.; African Americans--Agriculture

00:15:31 - Sharecropping

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Partial Transcript: What would the sharecroppers do in between the--in while the cotton was maturing?

Segment Synopsis: Rice speaks on his farming and cotton sharecropping experiences.

Keywords: Black education; Chopping season; Cotton farming; Factory jobs; North; Schools; Sharecroppers; Wages; Wars; White education; Youth

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Education

00:29:39 - Black laborers

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Partial Transcript: How were these sharecroppers taught about growing cotton?

Segment Synopsis: Rice explains his work as a day laborer, and talks about why many people left he area for factory work.

Keywords: Churches; Cotton crops; Cotton gin; Houses; Segregated churches; Sharecroppers; T. A. Lipread (??); Trains; Wagons

Subjects: African American churches; African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; Segregation

00:39:47 - Emancipation

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Partial Transcript: And where there any other, um, sort of reunions, or anything during the years?

Segment Synopsis: Rice talks about the importance of emancipation, and Mexican laborers on the crop farms.

Keywords: Abraham Lincoln; Crops; Emancipation Proclamation; Housing; Jason Neil; Mexican laborers; Slavery; Wages

Subjects: African American farmers.; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions

00:49:43 - Changing market

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Partial Transcript: And why did they leave after 10 years, or 8 or 10 years?

Segment Synopsis: Rice discusses the reasons for the shift in the cotton market.

Keywords: Alfalfa; Black farmers; Cotton; Drinking; Hand labor; Hispanic farmers; Landlords; Markets; Pesticides; Sharecroppers; Soybeans; Wars; Wheat

Subjects: African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Health and hygiene; Farming; Race relations