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00:00:04 - Personal background / work on the farm

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Partial Transcript: Okay. Okay, um, this is an oral history interview with--

Segment Synopsis: Gladys Jenkins discusses her family, especially growing up in a large family and how they were displaced from their farmland. She also describes the work she does to help her husband manage his farm.

Keywords: Alberta Walker; Bluegrass Army Depot; Book work; Bookkeeping; Brothers; Buying land; Catherine Walker; City; Daisy Walker; Displaced farmers; Displacement; Emma Walker; Family; Farm management; Farmland; Filing tax forms; Floyd Walker; Geraldine Walker; Government; Homes; Houses; Husbandw; Jesse Walker; Jesse Walker, Jr.; Leonard Walker; Lloyd Walker; Lucille Harris Walker; Madison County (Ky.); Mayfield Elementary School; Moving; Old Richmond High Hchool; Parents; Pay roll; Property owners; Public school system; Richmond (Ky.); Roberta Walker; School; School integration; Sisters

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African American parents; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Housing

GPS: Mayfield Elementary School (Richmond (Ky.))
Map Coordinates: 37.738034, -84.285187
00:09:09 - Education / leaving the family farm

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Partial Transcript: Um, can you tell me a little bit now, maybe about your schooling? What that was like growing up?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins describes her education and the schools she went to after school integration. She also discusses how her family came to leave the family farmland.

Keywords: Bluegrass Army Depot; Books; Brothers; Domestic work; Education; Educational opportunity; Employment; Expenses; Family; Farming; Farmland; Fathers; Ironing; Junior high school; Madison High School; Mayfield Elementary School; Mothers; Parents; Richmond Elementary School; School supplies; School year; Segregation; Siblings; Sisters; Washing clothes; Work

Subjects: African American children; African American parents; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Employment; Education, Secondary--Kentucky; Segregation--Kentucky

GPS: Madison Central High School (Richmond (Ky.))
Map Coordinates: 37.755803, -84.290288
00:20:03 - Family farm / moving to town

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Partial Transcript: What kind of farm did he have?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins discusses the farm that the family owned before being displaced. She also describes moving to town and the house they lived in. She also shares some of the family gatherings that her family hosts.

Keywords: Basket meetings; Brassfield (Ky.); Cattle; Charles Greene; Chickens; Childhood; Christmas; Church attendance; Church membership; Churches; Cousins; Eggs; Eileen Greene; Electricity; Family gatherings; Farming; Farmland; Fathers; First Baptist Church; Fourth of July; Gardening; Gardens; Great aunts; Heating; Homes; Houses; Kitchens; Land ownership; Landowners; Living rooms; Madison County (Ky.); Milk; Moving; Plumbing; Porches; Richmond (Ky.); Sue Baxter; Tobacco; Two-story houses; Vegetables

Subjects: African American Christians; African American families; African American farmers; African American gardens; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Housing; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Religion; African Americans--Social life and customs; Farm produce

00:30:01 - Siblings / family history

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Partial Transcript: Do they still live in the county then, so?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins discusses her siblings, particularly where they live and work. She also gives a brief family history.

Keywords: Aunts; Brassfield (Ky.); Brothers; Cattle; Chores; Chrysler Corporation; Cleaning services; Coal; Corn; Dayton (Oh.); Dishes; Employment; Family; Family cemetery; Family history; Farmers; Farmland; Firewood; Grandfathers; Grandparents; Help; Hogs; Housework; James Harris; Jobs; Madison County (Ky.); Patty Harris; Private industries; Robert Walker; Siblings; Tobacco; Work

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Genealogy; Family history

GPS: Dayton (Oh.)
Map Coordinates: 39.759444, -84.191667
00:39:53 - Gardening / husband's farm

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Partial Transcript: What were, um--did you ever do any work with the gardening? With your father?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins discusses the garden her father raised on their farmland. She also describes her husband's farmland and how she assists him there.

Keywords: 'Raising on the half'; Acres; Farming; Farming families; Farmland; Farms; Fathers; Green beans; Husbands; In-laws; Jesse Parks; Leasing tobacco; Marriage; Religious music; Renting tobacco; Singing; Singing group; Tenant farming; Tobacco; Tomatoes; Travelettes; Work

Subjects: African American families; African American farmers; African American singers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Housing; Tobacco

00:49:33 - Helping on the farm / new regulations and information in farming

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Partial Transcript: You had mentioned that you do some of the book work and that sort of stuff for the farm.

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins describes how she helps her husband with payroll and bookkeeping on the farm. She also discusses how farmers learn about new information and regulations pertaining to farming.

Keywords: Banking; County extension agents; Expenses; Farm loans; Farm management; Finances; First Security Bank; Harvest; Hiring help; Income taxes; Issues; John Wilson; Lending institutions; Madison Central High School; Madison County (Ky.); Paperwork; Payroll; Tax forms; Tobacco meetings; W-2 forms

Subjects: African American farmers; African Americans--Agriculture; African Americans--Economic conditions

GPS: Madison County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.72, -84.28
00:59:45 - Childhood memories / church / going back to school

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Partial Transcript: Were they able to--like when you bought your houses, were they able to just pay for those?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins discusses her childhood and the many recreational activities she participated in as a girl. She also describes her life at church. She speaks on going back to school and being employed off the farm.

Keywords: Baseball; Blythe family; Camping; Careers; Case interviewers; Chester Jenkins; Childhood; Church attendance; Church membership; Churches; Cleaning; Colleges; Daryl Jenkins; Deacons; Department of Social Insurance; Domestic work; Education; Fishing; Food stamps; Horseshoes; Human resources; Husbands; Interviews; James Merritt; Jobs; Juanita Merritt; Neighborhoods; Picking blackberries; Processing applications; Promotions; Receptionists; Secretary; Softball; Sons; Summers

Subjects: African American Christians; African American children; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Religion; African Americans--Social life and customs; Education, Higher--Kentucky

01:10:12 - Attending church

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Partial Transcript: Um, just to, to go back I guess a little bit, back to like talking about your linkage to community and your church and that sort of stuff.

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins describes her membership to her church and the many ways she is involved.

Keywords: Agricultural Extension; Baptists; Charity work; Church attendance; Church conventions; Church membership; Churches; Congregation; First Baptist Church, Richmond; Foot washing; Madison County Homemakers Club; Predestinarian Baptist; Religious denominations; Religious services; Religious traditions; Richmond (Ky.); Social gatherings; Teenagers

Subjects: African American Christians; African American churches--Kentucky; African Americans--Religion

GPS: Richmond (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.744722, -84.293611
01:20:01 - Local community

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Partial Transcript: Were these--did you do these sort of things with your neighbors then?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins discusses her local community and the changes she has seen in it over the years.

Keywords: Aunts; Brothers; Changes; Community; Community work; Cooking; Cousins; Donations; Employment; Factory work; Family; Farmland; Finding work; Friends; Help; Jobs; Local community; Madison County (Ky.); Moving away; Neighborhoods; Neighbors; New people; Ohio; Relocation; Restaurants; Richmond (Ky.); Sisters; Subdivisions; Teaching positions; Uncles

Subjects: African American families; African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Conducts of life.; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Social life and customs

GPS: Richmond (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.744722, -84.293611
01:29:04 - Living on the family farm

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Partial Transcript: What was--when you, when you were growing up, do you remember was it different since you weren't living on the farm then with how your day began?

Segment Synopsis: Jenkins describes her memories of growing up on the family farm.

Keywords: Apple trees; Apples; Bacon; Baking; Biscuits; Blackberries; Breakfast; Canning; Childhood; Coal; Cooking; Displaced farmers; Food preservation; Grape orchards; Green beans; Heating; Homes; Houses; Jam; Jelly; Kitchens; Lard; Living rooms; Mothers; Oatmeal; Parents; Pear trees; Pears; Picking blackberries; Potatoes; Warm morning stove

Subjects: African American children; African American cooking; African American cooks; African American families; African American farmers; African American parents; African Americans--Agriculture; Farm produce; Food--Preservation