Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Robert Anderson, August 11, 1993

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Career / Meeting John Sherman Cooper

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Partial Transcript: Okay, I'm talking today with, with Robert Anderson, former ambassador to Morocco and the Dominican Republic, Foreign Service Officer.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses his career in the Foreign Service. Anderson recalls how he met Cooper, as well as connection he had with one of Cooper's former staff members in Washington D.C.

Keywords: 4th of July; Assistant desk officers; Desk officers; Family; George V. Allen; John Foster Dulles; John Sherman Cooper; Lorraine Cooper; Phillips Andover Academy; South Asian office; Special assistants; U.S. Ambassador to India; Wife; William Macomber

Subjects: Ambassadors; Children; Classmates; India; Nepal; New Delhi (India); Politicians; Retirement; Staff; United States. Department of State; United States. Foreign Service; Washington (D.C.); Work

00:04:14 - Jawaharlal Nehru's foreign policy / Job responsibilities

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Partial Transcript: Dulles it is said, didn't think much of this concept of Nehru's of being non-aligned or being neutral.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson discusses Prime Minister Nehru's foreign policy objectives and how they clashed with the vision of John Foster Dulles for U.S.-Indian relations. Anderson describes his job responsibilities while he was working at the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi from 1953 to 1955.

Keywords: Alliances; Assistant secretary; Boundaries; Communist government; Foreign policy; George V. Allen; Internal politics; International organization; Jawaharlal Nehru; John Foster Dulles; John Sherman Cooper; Labor leaders; Linguistic problems; Nation-building; National government; Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO); Southeast Asia office; Special assistants; Sukarno; Troops; U.S. Ambassador to India; U.S. Embassy (New Delhi, India)

Subjects: AFL–CIO; Ambassadors; Communists; Diversity; Independence; India; Indonesia; International relations; Kashmir; Kerala (India); Korean War, 1950-1953; Labor; Languages; Neutrality; New Delhi (India); Non-Aligned Movement; Politicians; Southeast Asia; Soviet Union; Staff; United States; United States. Department of Labor; United States. Department of State; United States. Foreign Service

00:11:55 - Cooper as an ambassador

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Partial Transcript: Okay, so there was a vacancy there.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson considers Cooper's performance and ability as U.S. Ambassador to India and as the first U.S. Ambassador to Nepal in the mid-1950s.

Keywords: Advisors; Alben Barkley; Children; Credentials; Dean Acheson; Dwight Eisenhower; Elections; Embassy; Family; John Foster Dulles; John Sherman Cooper; Lorraine Cooper; Political appointments; South Asian office; Style; U.S. Ambassador to India; U.S. Ambassador to Nepal

Subjects: Ambassadors; Diplomacy; India; International relations; Italy; Kathmandu (Nepal); Nepal; New Delhi (India); Personality; Politicians; Staff; United States. Department of State; Washington (D.C.)

00:16:01 - Cooper running for the Senate in 1956 / Cooper's interest in India

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Partial Transcript: He came back on consultation.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson recalls the circumstances behind Cooper's decision to run for the Senate in 1956. Cooper sought the advice of Anderson on whether he should leave his position as ambassador to campaign for the Senate. Anderson emphasizes Cooper's interest in helping India in the Senate.

Keywords: Aid to India; Alben Barkley; Assistant desk officers; Attitudes; Beliefs; Congress; Dwight Eisenhower; Foreign aid; Indira Gandhi; Jawaharlal Nehru; John Sherman Cooper; Kentucky Republicans; Lal Bahadur Shastri; Legislation; Presidents; Senate; U.S. Ambassador to India; U.S.-Indian relations

Subjects: Death; Diplomats; India; International relations; New Delhi (India); Politicians; Pressure; United States. Department of State

00:22:07 - U.S.-Indian relations in the 1950s / 1950s foreign policy issues

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Partial Transcript: . . .Especially given what I'm told were his frustrations with Dulles.

Segment Synopsis: Anderson provides an overview of U.S.-Indian relations in the mid-1950s, including the attempt of the Soviet Union to form an alliance with India. Foreign policy involving India and other countries in the Non-Aligned Movement during the 1950s is addressed.

Keywords: Attitudes; Ceylon; Colonialism; Delegates; Desk officers; Eastern Europe; Foreign aid programs; Indian Ambassador to the U.S.; John Foster Dulles; John Kotelawala; John Sherman Cooper; Negotiations; Nikita Khrushchev; Nikolai Bulganin; Political opponents; Portuguese colonies; Portuguese foreign ministers; Protests; Rights; U.S. Ambassador to Ceylon; U.S. Ambassador to India; Zhou Enlai

Subjects: Ambassadors; China; Diplomats; Europe; Goa (India : State); India; International relations; Iraq; Kashmir; Korean War, 1950-1953; Moscow (Russia); New Delhi (India); Newspapers; Non-Aligned Movement; Politicians; Portugal; Portuguese; Russians; Soviet Union; Soviets; Sri Lanka; Travel; Turkey; United States

00:28:14 - Articles about Ambassador Cooper / Cooper's social connections

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Partial Transcript: I was amused to read in the Times of India, when Cooper was appointed. . .

Segment Synopsis: Anderson reacts to articles written about Ambassador Cooper in India. Anderson discusses Cooper's social connections, both diplomatically and through his wife Lorraine.

Keywords: American farmers; Articles; Connections; Dating; Delegations; Edwina Mountbatten; Friends; Harry Truman; Italian; Jawaharlal Nehru; John Foster Dulles; John Sherman Cooper; Lady Mountbatten; Lincoln Republicans; Lorraine Cooper; Louis Mountbatten; Mothers; Networks; Political appointments; Political writers; Statesman (newspaper); Step-fathers; Times of India; U.S. Ambassador to India; V.K. Krishna Menon; Viceroys; Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit; Wife

Subjects: Diplomats; Editorials; Europe; India; International affairs; Kentucky; Marriage; New Delhi (India); Newspapers; Nobility; Personality; Politicians; Reputation; Social life; United Nations; United States; Washington (D.C.)