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00:00:00 - Grandmother and slavery

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Partial Transcript: What's your name please?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland gives some general information about his parents and grandparents. He recalls his maternal grandmother talking about her experiences with slavery and the songs she used to communicate with other slaves.

Keywords: "Steal Away Home"; Communications; Maternal grandmothers; Prayers; Songs; Stories

Subjects: Families; Genealogy; Grandmothers; Grandparents; Owensboro (Ky.); Slavery

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:04:11 - Working long hours for low pay

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Partial Transcript: And then, one of the things that, uh, we--of course I encountered this myself--was the, uh, low pay.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about the African American community in Owensboro, Kentucky working very long hours for extremely low pay. He tells a story about taking over his father's job for an apartment owner and asking for a raise. He talks about living on a combined income with his wife of $15 per week.

Keywords: "Strawberry Ridge"; Apartments; Fathers; Jobs; Low pay; Money; Mothers; Occupations; Raises; Rent; Salary; Work

Subjects: African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment; Discrimination in employment.; Families; Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:07:38 - Raising children in "Strawberry Ridge"

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Partial Transcript: Well, uh, most persons in there were long settlers and most of them owned their home.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about growing up in the "Strawberry Ridge" neighborhood and how raising children in that time was a community-wide effort.

Keywords: "Strawberry Ridge"; Discipline; Raising children

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions.; Child rearing; Children; Church; Communities; Neighborhoods; Neighbors; Owensboro (Ky.); Parents

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:09:46 - Employment at Chrysler making bullets for World War II

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Partial Transcript: So, uh, one of the things that, uh, during that period, that we discovered was a fact was long hours and low pay.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about finding employment with the Chrysler Corporation, along with many other African Americans from Owensboro, Kentucky, and how for the first time in many of their lives they were making a decent income and able to see a future.

Keywords: Bullets; Chrysler factory; Decent incomes; Futures; Jobs; Making bullets for war; Money; Occupations; Pay; Salary; WW2; WWII; War effort; Work; World War 2

Subjects: African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment; Chrysler Corporation; Evansville (Ind.); Owensboro (Ky.); World War, 1939-1945

GPS: Evansville (Ind.)
Map Coordinates: 37.977222, -87.550556
00:12:01 - African American population in Owensboro, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: And, one of the things that, uh, we had during that time, was there was a section they called the Strawberry Ridge and they had another section up here on Jackson Street...

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about the black neighborhoods in Owensboro, Kentucky in the past and the decreasing population over time as young black people leave Owensboro for better employment opportunities.

Keywords: "Baptist Town"; "Mechanicsville"; "Snow Hill"; "Strawberry Ridge"; Black community; Outmigration; Populations; Relocating; Relocations

Subjects: African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Employment; Communities; Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:14:54 - Preparing his children for integration / his church today

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Partial Transcript: One of the things you asked me, I think on, on the interview you was asking me about what it was like when integration came.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland starts to talk about the beginning period of integration around 1954, mentioning that they prepared their children for integration by teaching them, through God, that what was important was not skin color but rather the character of each individual person. He then goes on to talk about the church he is a pastor at.

Keywords: Baptisms; Integration; Ministry; Pastors; Young people; Youth

Subjects: African American churches; African Americans--Religion.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Children; God; Owensboro (Ky.); Race relations; School integration.

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:20:15 - Role models in Owensboro, Kentucky prior to integration

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Partial Transcript: In, uh--we had role models in those days, prior to, uh, integration.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about several important African American figures in Owensboro, Kentucky before the period of integration: Thurman Wheatley, Emma Edwards, and S. L. Barker. He especially talks about Edwards and her humanitarian outreach to poor black and white people, and his involvement with her Mary Harding Home for Indigent Blacks.

Keywords: Barker, S.L.; Board members; Commodities; Edwards, Emma; Legacies; Mary Harding Home; Principals; Respect; Welfare; Wheatley, Thurman

Subjects: African American leadership; African American teachers.; Commodity Supplemental Food Program (U.S.); Communities; Humanitarianism; Owensboro (Ky.); Role models

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:28:53 - African Americans and janitorial work

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Partial Transcript: Now, on the, uh, work--during that period of time, most work that blacks did was the, the janitor type work.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about how the only readily available employment opportunities for blacks during the time period he was in the workforce was janitorial work for men and maid work for women. He mentions that he had more education than the foreman of the telephone company he worked for, and it was not until the federal government stepped in that blacks were able to get promoted.

Keywords: Foremen; Janitorial work; Jobs; Maids; Occupations; Promotions; Telephone companies; Work

Subjects: African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Social conditions.; Discrimination in employment.; Janitors; Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:31:50 - Segregated restaurants in Owensboro, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Let's talk a little bit about the eating arrangements here in Owensboro.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland explains how black people had to go to the kitchen and eat in the back of restaurants. He also talks about some of the black restaurants that he remembers.

Keywords: Black restaurants; Businesses; Capital; Chicken sandwiches; Food; Hamburgers; Kitchens; Loans

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Discrimination; Owensboro (Ky.); Race relations; Restaurants

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:36:18 - African American health discrimination today

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Partial Transcript: You got to almost have the capital, and, uh, that's another thing, you see, uh, uh, where as that's true today even now.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about some of the inequities still present today for African Americans, specifically in getting loans and insurance.

Keywords: African American health; Black health; Businesses; Capital; Life insurance; Loans

Subjects: African Americans--Health and hygiene.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Business enterprises; Discrimination; Insurance

00:39:14 - The ministry and preaching / having faith / helping others

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Partial Transcript: I was the first black--I think you, uh, if you didn't know that I can tell ya, I'm the first black that broke the barrier right here in Owensboro.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland recounts being called to ministry in the early 1940s. He talks about the importance of his faith and how he prepared his children for integration through religion. He talks about the importance he finds through his religious practices about caring for all people. He discusses the "Children's Sermons" that he does to help children in single family households. He tells a story about helping a white family staying in a local motel by buying them groceries. He talks about believing some of the problems we have today are because people are too silent about faith and religion.

Keywords: Acceptance; Children's sermon; City commissioners; Creation; Elections; Helping people; Ministers; Ministry; Praise; Prayer; Praying; Preachers; Respect; Salvation; Sunday morning; The Lord

Subjects: African American churches; African Americans--Religion.; Children; Faith; Families; God; Owensboro (Ky.); Preaching; Religions; School integration.; Single-parent families.

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:50:40 - Opportunities today for African Americans / growing up as a black child

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Partial Transcript: Now as far as the outcome, looking back, I can see a long way that we've come, as Blacks.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about how he looks back and is able to see how far we have come due to so many more opportunities for black people today. He explains that "no door is closed" to him now. He talks about the segregated park system when he was growing up and how he believes as a child back then things were more strict.

Keywords: Businesses; Discrimination; Fights; Freedom; Growing up; Integration; KKK; Opportunities; Parks; Racism; Swimming pools; Troublemakers

Subjects: African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Childhood; Children; Communities; Ku Klux Klan (1915- ); Owensboro (Ky.); Parents; Race relations

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
00:56:08 - African American teachers / segregated school system in Owensboro, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you a few, a couple questions about school. You told us a little about it before. Um, what school did you attend again?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about his positive memories from school. He mentions many teachers and comments that Owensboro had some of the greatest African American teachers. He believes the teachers back then were closer to the students and helped them with more than just education. He speaks about how the quality of education was perhaps not quite as good as at the white schools because they were not taught some of the same things, like Latin, which put them at a disadvantage.

Keywords: Books; Disadvantages; Latin; Teaching; Western High School

Subjects: African American high school students; African American teachers.; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Owensboro (Ky.); Schools

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:00:37 - School sports and black athletes

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Partial Transcript: How important were sports and extra-curricular activities--

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about black athletes being naturally talented at sports and also how school sports helped to break down racial barriers.

Keywords: Baseball; Black athletes; Championship teams; Extra-curricular activities; Football; Integration; Student managers; Western High School

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions.; Athletics.; Communities; Owensboro (Ky.); Prejudices.; Race relations; School sports.; Sports.

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:02:54 - Self-taught ministry / spiritual advisor to City Hall

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Partial Transcript: See now I didn't have the--because of the fact that I had a big family, when I, when I was called to the ministry I had a family, and also I didn't have, didn't have the money, and I couldn't go to the seminary like, uh, all--a lot of ministers.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about being unable to afford to attend seminary so he taught himself to be a minister. He also talks about being involved with City Hall and encouraging them to pray over issues before making decisions.

Keywords: Books; City Halls; Ministry; Praying; Preachers; Seminaries; Spiritual advisors

Subjects: African American Christians; African American leadership; African Americans--Politics and government.; Church; Families; Owensboro (Ky.); Preaching; Role models

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:06:22 - Pros and cons of school integration

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Partial Transcript: When, when they had the push for the integrated schools, when it first came in, um, did you favor that and what did you think--

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about strongly being in favor of school integration because it meant more opportunities for African American children. He says if there is one drawback it is that in order to progress, often something must be sacrificed and, in the case of integration, he thinks some aspects of black identity are now lost because of the small percentage of black students in the integrated schools.

Keywords: Advantages; Closures; Identities; Identity; Opportunities; Progress; Western High School

Subjects: African American school children; African Americans--Race identity.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Children; Owensboro (Ky.); Parents; School integration.

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:10:05 - Changing racial climate across generations / interracial marriages

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Partial Transcript: What, what do you think the racial climate at the schools--so they--from your interaction with your, the, the, the children that come to your church, what do you think the, the climate is like in schools today for--between the races?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about the differences of young people today in terms of racial climate in schools, and says that it's the older generation that is the one which still has problems with race. He talks about how interracial marriages, once illegal, are now incredibly common and some young people don't even know that it was ever illegal.

Keywords: Racial climate; Young people today

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions.; Discrimination; Generations; Interracial marriage--Law and legislation; Owensboro (Ky.); Race relations; Schools

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:13:24 - Segregated theaters and other public accommodations

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Partial Transcript: Do you have any recollections about like the movie theaters, or, uh--

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about the segregation of movie theaters, the black theater in Owensboro, and how segregation was so strong in these sorts of recreational spaces that he is sure you would have been arrested if you tried to go into the opposite space.

Keywords: Balcony; Black theater; Movie theaters; Parks; Public accommodations; Recreational activities

Subjects: African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Owensboro (Ky.); Race discrimination.; Race relations

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:14:51 - 1964 March on Frankfort, Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Did you know anyone who was involved in like the, uh, civil rights movement, like say the voters registration or sit-ins at cafeterias? I understand they had some small sit-ins here in Owensboro back at those times.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland describes organizing a bus trip from Owensboro, Kentucky to the March on Frankfort in 1964.

Keywords: Bus tours; Bus trips; March on Frankfort; Organizers; Participants

Subjects: African American churches; African American leadership; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Frankfort (Ky.); Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Frankfort (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.2, -84.866667
01:17:51 - Community leaders / the Neblett Center

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Partial Transcript: And who, who would have been the, the leaders of the, the movement in, uh, your--within Owensboro?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland briefly talks about some of the people he considers leaders in the community. He talks about being of the board of the Neblett Center and recalls some of the activities he remembers doing there as a young person.

Keywords: Brown, W.R.; Community chorus; Games; H.L. Neblett Community Center; Leaders; Pastors; Skating

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Communities; Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:21:38 - Owensboro Chautauquas

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Partial Transcript: Do you know any stories about the, uh, negro Chautauqua that used to be held in Owensboro a long time ago?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland knows of the Owensboro chautauquas, but says it happened before his time and he can't recall his parents talking about it.

Keywords: Chautauquas

Subjects: African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Social life and customs.; African Americans--Societies, etc.; Owensboro (Ky.); Parents

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:22:16 - Segregated and integrated neighborhoods over time

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Partial Transcript: In the sixties they passed open housing.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland recalls extremely segregated housing by neighborhood and street by street. He talks about how today African Americans can move into white neighborhoods with no problems, but admits there are some underlying biases which people keep pretty subtle.

Keywords: 1960s; Integration; Open housing

Subjects: African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Housing; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Discrimination in housing.; Neighborhoods; Nineteen sixties; Owensboro (Ky.); Prejudices; Race relations; Racism

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:25:08 - African American youth today

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Partial Transcript: Several people have brought up the, uh--have talked about the problem with the youth today in the community--in many communities.

Segment Synopsis: McFarland explains that he thinks the biggest problem of African American youths today is that the parents are not being morally strict enough. He also recalls how he used to go into schools and speak to young people about drugs.

Keywords: Drug abuse; Drug use; Drugs; Lack of direction; Parenting

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Social conditions.; Children; Communities; Owensboro (Ky.); Parents; Schools; Youth

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839
01:28:48 - The Catholic Church

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Partial Transcript: You mentioned Catholic High. Do you remember, during, during the integration movement, civil rights movement, when there was more activism, was there any involvement with the Catholic Church in Owensboro that you know of in, in the civil rights movement?

Segment Synopsis: McFarland talks about how the Catholic Church in Owensboro was more open to integration and civil rights because they were used to having black parishioners.

Keywords: Black parishioners; Chaplain for Kentucky Wildcats; Father Bradley; Fields brothers; Priests; Religious denominations

Subjects: African Americans--Religion.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Catholic Church; Civil rights movement--United States; Friends; Integration; Owensboro (Ky.)

GPS: Owensboro (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.757748, -87.11839