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00:00:10 - Problems facing black business people

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Partial Transcript: Is it on...

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler discusses the common barriers facing African Americans wishing to start private businesses, most of which have to do with unequal access to fair lending. He does note that in communities like his own, black businesses have overcome many of these difficulties.

Keywords: Achievements; Banks; Charlotte (N.C); Determination; Durham (N.C.); Freedman's Bank; Institutions; Insurance companies; Location; Markets; Payments; Properties; Property appraisal; Real estate; Residential separation

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American businesspeople; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Banks and banking; Communities.; Competition; Discrimination in housing; Loans; Race discrimination.

00:11:06 - Integration in business

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Partial Transcript: Uh, you do think that, um...

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler discusses the rising prospects for integrated businesses in areas that had previously been entirely segregated. He notes that incomes across races are rising, but that there is still a significant gap between the median incomes of white and black people.

Keywords: Business expansion; Clientele; Dollar volume; Inappropriate; Integrated business; Integration; Median income; Overlap; Populations; Purchaser; Students; White persons

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Income; Integration; Universities and colleges; Wages.

00:15:57 - The rise of black lawyers

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Partial Transcript: Several negro lawyers that I've talked to in New Orleans, for instance, have, um, made this, uh, observation to me.

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler talks about the growing number of black lawyers and law schools accepting black students in the United States. He notes that black lawyers have improved their stature since the end of World War I, and that they have earned the credit to practice in a fully integrated judicial system.

Keywords: Appointments; Black clients; Brown vs. Board of Education; Climate; Colleges; Commitment; Courts; Howard University; Lawyers; Movement; Professionals; Progressive Era; Shooting; Supreme Court of the United States; World War I

Subjects: African American lawyers; Black universities and colleges; Communities.; Discrimination; Integration; Law schools; Lawyers; Patron and client; Progressivism (United States politics)

00:23:13 - False notions about integration

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Partial Transcript: Cut back to business for a moment.

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler dispels the idea that black business people would stand to lose income as a result of integration, noting that integrated businesses have done very well, and that segregated businesses make easier targets for all-white businesses to exploit.

Keywords: Accounting; Banks; Clinical materials; Confidence; Directors; Employees; Experience; Graduates; Institution; Integrated businesses; Organization; Presidents; Professional; Segregated hospitals; Status; Talent; Undertakers

Subjects: African American businesspeople; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Banks; Free enterprise; Hospitals; Integration; Race discrimination.; Race relations

00:32:15 - Discrimination against black doctors

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Partial Transcript: What are the chances for a negro medical education in North Carolina?

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler discusses the problem of black doctors and Southern hospitals, specifically the reasons why black people who obtain medical licenses are reluctant to practice in Southern communities.

Keywords: African American doctors; Black doctors; Doctors; Hospitals; Medical field; Medical students; Observations; Qualifications; Scholarship money; Segregated hospitals; Staff privileges; Tokenism

Subjects: African American physicians; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Southern States.; Discrimination in employment; Race discrimination.; Segregation in higher education--Southern states

00:37:57 - The timeliness of integration

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Partial Transcript: How do you, uh--let me preface this remark--this question, by saying that among the people I've talked with...

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler remarks on the varying opinions among the African American community regarding the urgency of integration, specifically how gradually society should be changed. He notes that some of the older generations, even black people, might be hesitant to change, but that it must be done with all speed.

Keywords: Abilities; City councils; City managers; Employment; Experience; Housing authority; Integration; Invitations; Jackie Robinson; Physical movement; Pressure; Society; Training

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American leadership; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Politics and government; Discrimination in housing; Municipal government; Segregation

00:44:48 - The notion of racial and ethnic self-segregation

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Partial Transcript: Let me tell you something else related to the, uh, future.

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler addresses the charge that full integration of black and white society and culture might only result in the respective races congregating among themselves regardless of the law. He says that no one can be sure of that outcome until segregation has been fully ousted.

Keywords: Cohesion; Cultural cohesiveness; Cultural solidarity; Dispersion; Ethnic congregation; Ethnic groups; Pressures; Solidarity; Surveys; Tide

Subjects: African Americans--Race identity.; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Discrimination in housing; Ethnic groups; Segregation in employment; Segregation--United States; United States--Race relations.

00:50:11 - Social movements / Relations of class and race

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Partial Transcript: Now several people, um--well, uh, it, it, it's implied in Whitney Young's book...

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler addresses two public perceptions about the civil rights movement: first, that it will require a total reorganization of American society; and second, that only lower class African Americans are disillusioned with white society, whereas more educated and affluent black people do not resent white society as much.

Keywords: Alienated; Atlanta (Ga.); Board of trustees; Changes; Civil rights protection; Claims; Climate; College presidents; Conflicts; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Graduates; Ignorant; James Baldwin; Jim Crow; Language; Leadership; Little Rock (Ark.); Little Rock Riots; Participation; Racial balance; Relief; Society; Southern states; Whitney Young

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Societies, etc.; African Americans--Southern States.; Black universities and colleges; Civil rights movements--United States; Race relations--United States; Race, class, and social structure; Social movements; United States--Race relations.

01:03:52 - Progress in Mississippi and elsewhere

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Partial Transcript: I was talking with Charles Evers, um, last spring, on a couple of occasions...

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler discusses the state of the movement in Mississippi, noting that reactions to recent developments such as the Freedom Summer are not likely to be very drastic, since African Americans have historically held more public positions in Southern states than many people realize.

Keywords: Aggressive; Determination; Durham (N.C.); Effects; Fighting; Freedom Summer; History; Mississippi; Optimistic; Perry Howard; Racial problem; Reconstruction; Registration; Stages; Tension; Theodore Roosevelt; Violent

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Southern States.; Civil rights movements--United States; Voter registration--Mississippi

01:09:53 - Growing pains

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Partial Transcript: How did you interpret the little split between, uh, uh, see, on one hand, uh, Wilkins, King, and, uh, and Young and, uh, then Farmer and Lewis, on the other--on the moratorium proposal back just after the riots.

Segment Synopsis: Wheeler comments briefly on recent dissension within some of the major leaders of the civil rights movement.

Keywords: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Growing pains; James Farmer; John Lewis; Moratorium proposal; Roy Wilkins; Whitney Young

Subjects: African American leadership; Civil rights movements--United States