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00:00:10 - Family background

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Partial Transcript: This is an oral history interview with Mrs. Ann Roach for the University of Kentucky African American Alumni Experience.

Segment Synopsis: Ann Roach is introduced. She talks about her parents and grandparents and their occupations. She talks about her family roots in Kentucky, growing up in Cincinnati and Lexington, and the restaurants her family operated.

Keywords: "The L and N"; Chicago (Ill.); Economic status; Family roots; Grandparents; Homemakers; Kentucky; Louis Roach; Military; Naomi Roach; Nurses; Parents; Poor; Restaurant owners; Siblings; Teachers; West End

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American churches; African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Genealogy.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Childhood; Cincinnati (Ohio); Family histories.; Family--history; Lexington (Ky.).

GPS: Cincinnati (Ohio)
Map Coordinates: 39.1, -84.516667
00:06:10 - Early education

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Partial Transcript: Where did you go to elementary, junior high, and high school?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about where she attended school in Lexington and Cincinnati. She talks about her attitude about school, and her extracurricular activities. She talks about how her mother shielded her from an awareness of racism, and talks about her interactions with the white community through the YWCA. She talks about why she was not aware that her mother had two college degrees until after her death, and talks about her family valuing education.

Keywords: Attention; Aunts; Black neighborhoods; Cincinnati (Ohio); Degrees; Dr. Bush Hunter; Drama club; Dunbar School; Extracurricular activities; Favorite subjects; Favorite teachers; Fisk University; Grades; Graduation; Grandmothers; Integrated schools; Kentucky State University; Lexington (Ky.); Matriarchs; Meharry Medical College; Memory; Mothers; Resources; Saving; Schools; Segregated community; Sports; Teaching; Values; Visiting; White friends; YWCA

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American families; African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Education (Higher); African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Childhood; Race discrimination.; Race relations--Kentucky; Racism; School integration; Segregation in education--Kentucky

GPS: Former location of Dunbar School

Map Coordinates: 38.054638, -84.488593
00:17:16 - Childhood entertainment and social life

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Partial Transcript: What did your family do for entertainment?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about what her family did for entertainment, including games, attending events at the church, and "Blue Monday," a day when the restaurant would be closed. She talks about her father cooking at the Phoenix Hotel in Lexington.

Keywords: "Blue Monday"; Asbury Baptist Church; Bars; Brothers; Cards; Catholics; Church classes; Cincinnati (Ohio); Close-knit; Cooking; Entertainment; Family meals; Fathers; Games; Lexington (Ky.); Methodists; Military; Mothers; Phoenix Hotel; Radio; Restaurants; Role of church; Social activities; Social role; Talking; Television; Wars

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Conduct of life.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Religion.; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Childhood

GPS: Lexington (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.029722, -84.494722
00:23:25 - Decision to attend the University of Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: I know you said your brothers went to the military. So none of them went to college?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about her brothers' college educations. She talks about being chosen by Dunbar School and UK to be one of the few African American students admitted to UK in 1954. She talks about why she chose to attend UK, and discusses its reputation within the Black community.

Keywords: Adolph Rupp; Apprehension; Black community; Brothers; Dropping out; Dunbar School; Fathers; Graduate school; Kentucky State University; Offers; Protected; Quitting school; Reputations; Scholarships; Sheltered; Simmons Theological Seminary; Unfamiliar; University of Kansas

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College choice; College costs.; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; Discrimination in higher education; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:30:02 - Experiences with racism and discrimination at UK

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Partial Transcript: So you went in 1955. How long did you stay before you decided to go back in the nineties?

Segment Synopsis: Roach explains that she faced racism and discrimination at the university which led to her quitting school out of fear that her father would do something dangerous in retaliation. She discusses some of the incidents of racist behavior by both students and faculty. She also talks about some of the people who were supportive of her, including Dean Sarah Holmes, and another student, Sally Maggard. She talks about the five other African American students at UK at the time, among them Doris Wilkinson and Sarah Clark Newby.

Keywords: Acceptance; Activities; Attitudes; Cafeteria; College classes; Crying; Dean Sarah Holmes; Dean of Women; Discomfort; Doris Wilkinson; Dropping out; First day; Gym class; History teachers; Injuries; Interest; Intimidation; Lunch; Mothers; Off-campus living; Orientation; Participation; Professors; Proud; Quitting school; Reactions; Sally Maggard; Sarah Clark Newby; Scared; Self-segregation; Student Union Grill; Support; Support systems; Treatment; Unwelcome

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College administrators; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; College students--Attitudes.; College students--Conduct of life.; College teachers--Social conditions; Discrimination in education.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Administration.; Universities and colleges--Faculty.

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:43:17 - Adolph Rupp

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Partial Transcript: Did you attend any of the UK sporting events?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about basketball coach Adolph Rupp and says he was open about his racist attitudes.

Keywords: Adolph Rupp; Attitudes; Awareness; Basketball players; Buck Brown; Openness; Racist

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; College athletes; College environment; College sports--Coaching; Discrimination in higher education; Kentucky Wildcats (Basketball team); Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:46:49 - University of Kentucky administration and faculty

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Partial Transcript: Did you feel like administrators were racist?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about whether she encountered any discrimination from the UK administration, and talks more about the support she received from Dean Sarah Holmes. She talks about her best moments: proving to professors that she was capable of doing the work. She also talks more about her worst moment: an encounter with a racist professor.

Keywords: Abilities; Attitudes; Concern; Dean Sarah Holmes; Drinking; English professors; Favorite professors; Grades; Math professors; Not wanted; Professors; Sporting events; Teachers; Treatment; Working harder

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College administrators; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; College teachers--Social conditions; College teaching.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Administration.; Universities and colleges--Faculty.

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:52:25 - Black community in Lexington

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Partial Transcript: What was Lexington like during the time that you were at UK as far as race relations within the city of Lexington?

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses race relations in Lexington during the 1950s, and says that things were completely segregated. She talks about the Black community surrounding Deweese Street, which she says was home to many Black businesses at the time. She talks about the effects of integration on the neighborhood and the Black community. She talks about social life at the Lyric Theater and Deweese Street.

Keywords: Black community; Black doctors; Celebrities; Cincinnati (Ohio); Deweese Street; Effects; Equality; Fathers; Limitations; Live shows; Lyric Theater; Married; Miss Ann; Nightlife; Protection; Raids; Scholarships; White community

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American families; African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Marriage.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Integration; Lexington (Ky.)--Buildings, structures, etc.; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.

GPS: Deweese Street (Lexington, Ky.)

Map Coordinates: 38.044367, -84.491995
01:01:51 - Returning to UK in 1984

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Partial Transcript: So you left in '56 from UK?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about receiving treatment for alcoholism and living in a halfway house. There she decided she wanted to return to college, and petitioned Representative Scotty Baesler who assisted her with grants to attend school. She talks about the differences between her first experience at UK and her second experience, including the preparation she received from Ashland Oil aimed at minority students transitioning to college. She talks about some of her mentors in the College of Social Work.

Keywords: Alcoholism; Ashland Oil; Chrysalis House; Don Byers; Drinking; Enrolling; Graduate school; Graduated; Graduation; Halfway houses; Medical assistants; Mentors; Night school; Pell Grants; Preparation; Representative Scotty Baesler; Returning; Social work; Transcripts

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College costs.; College environment; College students, Black; College students--Alcohol use; College students--Attitudes.; College teachers--Rating of.; College teaching.; Educators; Minorities in higher education; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; University of Kentucky; University of Kentucky. College of Social Work

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
01:10:06 - Differences between her two experiences at UK

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Partial Transcript: But things were a lot different when I went back.

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks more about the differences between her experiences at UK in the fifties and in the eighties. She mentions the change in her own attitude, being a non-traditional student, her life experiences, and more positive attitudes toward African American students. She talks briefly about working at the VA Hospital.

Keywords: Apprehension; Attitudes; Aunts; Changes; Dean Sarah Holmes; Death; Fathers; Husbands; Mothers; Non-traditional students; Student Center; Student organizations; VA Hospital; Veterans Administration Hospital; Working; Working harder

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; College administrators; College environment; College students, Black; College students--Alcohol use; College students--Attitudes.; Discrimination in employment.; Discrimination in higher education; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Universities and colleges--Administration.; University of Kentucky; University of Kentucky. College of Social Work

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
01:18:41 - Life since graduation

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Partial Transcript: So do you feel like you received a quality education from UK?

Segment Synopsis: Roach talks about the quality of education she received at UK. She talks about working at the VA Hospital and Eastern State Hospital, and says both were racist, discriminatory environments. She talks more about her mentors and her experience as a non-traditional student. She talks about her continuing education, her children and grandchildren, and her relationship with UK basketball coach Tubby Smith and his wife Donna. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Appreciation; Black community; Children; Connie Wilson; Donna Smith; Eastern State Hospital; Graduation; Grandchildren; John Landrum; Mentors; Non-traditional students; Northern Kentucky University; Quality of education; Recommendations; Retirement; Social workers; Staff; Stepchildren; Support; Tubby Smith; VA Hospital; Veterans Administration Hospital

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions.; College environment; College sports--Coaching; Discrimination in employment.; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Ratings and rankings.; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5