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00:00:01 - Family background

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Partial Transcript: This is an oral history interview with Mrs. Mary Ann Adams for the University of Kentucky African American Alumni Experience.

Segment Synopsis: Mary Ann Adams is introduced. She talks about her parents and grandparents and their occupations. She talks about growing up in a rural area in Fayette County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Childcare; Family roots; Fathers; Fayette County (Ky.); Grandparents; Jobs; Mothers; Newtown Pike; Occupations; Parents; Poor; Rural areas; Siblings; Socioeconomic conditions

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; Childhood; Family histories.; Family--history; Lexington (Ky.)

GPS: Fayette County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.04, -84.46
00:04:51 - Early education

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Partial Transcript: Where did you go to elementary, junior high--

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks about where she attended school in Fayette County. She says she attended segregated schools and talks about her limited contact with white people. She talks about her favorite teachers, and says she did not participate in after school activities.

Keywords: Academics; After school activities; All-Black schools; Buses; Contact; Douglass School; Dunbar High School; Extracurricular activities; Favorite subjects; Favorite teachers; Grades; Interaction; Maddoxtown Elementary School; Playmates; Segregated schools; White friends

Subjects: African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Childhood; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Segregation in education--Kentucky; Teachers--Kentucky

GPS: Former location of Dunbar School

Map Coordinates: 38.054638, -84.488593
00:07:42 - Family life during her childhood

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Partial Transcript: Would you describe your family as being a close-knit family?

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks about the things her family did for fun, including playing games and shopping in downtown Lexington on Saturday nights. She talks about attending church on Sundays, and the social role of the church.

Keywords: Activities; Close-knit; Deweese Street; Distance; Downtown Lexington; Entertainment; Games; New Zion United Methodist Church; Participation; Saturday nights; Shopping; Social role; Stores; Weekends

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Conduct of life.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Social conditions.; African Americans--Social life and customs.; Childhood; Lexington (Ky.)

GPS: Deweese Street (Lexington, Ky.)

Map Coordinates: 38.044367, -84.491995
00:11:57 - Undergraduate education at Kentucky State University

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Partial Transcript: When you got ready to make the decision that it was time for you to attend college who made that decision?

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks about her decision to go to college, and says that both of her parents were college graduates. She talks about her major, and the extracurricular activities she participated in.

Keywords: Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority; Chandler Normal School; Decisions; Economics; English; Extracurricular activities; French Club; Grandparents; Parents; Residence halls; Sociology

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky; African Americans--Recreation; College choice; College majors; College students--Conduct of life.; Kentucky State University; Minorities in higher education; Student housing

GPS: Kentucky State University
Map Coordinates: 38.2, -84.858333
00:16:10 - Atmosphere at the University of Kentucky for African American students

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Partial Transcript: And so when did you come to the University of Kentucky?

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks about her decision to attend UK, and talks about the school's reputation within the Black community. She talks about attitudes on campus toward African American students, and says that most of the time she was ignored. She describes the class registration process as "a nightmare."

Keywords: Apprehension; Attitudes; Black community; Class registration; Demographics; Distance; Female professors; First day; Graduate school; Ignored; Professors; Reputations; Secondary education; Welcome

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College choice; College environment; College students--Attitudes.; College teachers.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Administration.; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:23:20 - Segregation

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Partial Transcript: I know you said you lived off campus, that was one of the reasons that you came to UK so you could live at home.

Segment Synopsis: Adams says she could not join any student organizations because they were segregated. She says she was usually the only African American student in her classes. She says some professors would let her sit anywhere in the classroom, but others made her sit apart from her white classmates, possibly out of fear of being fined for violation of the Day Law.

Keywords: Classrooms; Day Law; Demographics; Fines; Graduate school; Lunch; Mentors; Off-campus living; Professors; Separation; Student Union cafeteria; Student organizations; Support systems; White students

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Legal status, laws, etc.; African Americans--Segregation; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; College students--Attitudes.; College students--Conduct of life.; College teachers--Social conditions; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Kentucky State University; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Segregation in higher education.; Student housing; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:29:50 - Instances of discrimination

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Partial Transcript: So what was the race relations like in the city of Lexington at the time that you were at UK?

Segment Synopsis: Adams says she did not experience open hostility at UK, and reiterates that she was generally ignored. She talks about Adolph Rupp and his negative reputation in the Black community. She describes her graduation ceremony. She talks about feeling uncomfortable in class due to remarks made by other students while studying slavery in U.S. history.

Keywords: Adolph Rupp; Animosity; Athletics department; Black community; Commencement day; Exciting; Graduation; Ignored; Memorial Coliseum; Open hostility; Opportunity; Prejudices; Quality of education; Racial slurs; Racist; Recommendations; Reputations; Slavery; Treatment; Uncomfortable; United States history; Worst moments

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Segregation; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; College students--Attitudes.; College students--Conduct of life.; College teachers--Social conditions; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Segregation in higher education.; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; Universities and colleges--Public relations; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:36:46 - Teaching career

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Partial Transcript: So tell me a little about your career once you graduated with your masters from UK.

Segment Synopsis: Adams taught high school in Cynthiana, Kentucky before moving to Lexington due to her position being terminated after integration. She talks about her experiences working in Lexington and the integration of Lexington schools. She talks about working for the Adult Education System after her retirement.

Keywords: Adult Education System; City schools; Closing; Constitution Elementary School; County schools; Daughters; Elementary certification; Elementary education; Elementary schools; English; G.E.D. examiners; High school teachers; Life after graduation; Maxwell Elementary School; Retirement; School systems; Summer classes; Terminated; Transfers

Subjects: African Americans--Employment.; Cynthiana (Ky.); Lexington (Ky.); Race relations--Kentucky; School integration--Kentucky; Segregation in education--Kentucky; Teachers--Kentucky; Teaching

GPS: Cynthiana (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.388333, -84.296944
00:42:12 - Family

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Partial Transcript: My family--(coughs)--I was married to, uh, James R. Adams.

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks about her husband, daughter, and twin grandchildren. She talks about where her grandchildren attend school, and the family's involvement in church.

Keywords: Booker T. Academy; Children; Grandchildren; Intermediate schools; James R. Adams; Married; New Zion United Methodist Church; Newtown Pike; Primary schools; Schools; Twins

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Education.

GPS: Booker T. Washington School

Map Coordinates: 38.069378, -84.500850
00:45:57 - More on the atmosphere at the University of Kentucky for African American students

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Partial Transcript: Do you have any concluding thoughts about the University of Kentucky and your experience and your time that you spent there?

Segment Synopsis: Adams talks more about her decision to attend UK, and her parents' encouragement of her choices. She says she did not let UK's reputation discourage her from her goals. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Attitudes; Concerns; Encouragement; Fears; Jobs; Opportunity; Parents; Reputations; Support; danger

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African American families; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College choice; College environment; College students--Attitudes.; Discrimination in higher education; Kentucky State University; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; University of Kentucky

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5