Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:09 - Family background

Play segment

Partial Transcript: This is an oral history interview with Mrs. Helen Frye for the University of Kentucky African American Alumni Experience.

Segment Synopsis: Helen Frye is introduced. She talks about her parents and grandparents and their occupations. She talks about her family history, including her ancestors who were once slaves. She talks about her siblings, and discusses her family's socioeconomic status.

Keywords: Family roots; Grandparents; Jobs; Occupations; Parents; Philosophies; Railroads; Salary; Siblings; Slaves; Socioeconomic conditions; Twins

Subjects: African American families; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions.; Danville (Ky.); Family histories.; Family--history; Slavery--United States.; Wages.

GPS: Danville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.645556, -84.769722
00:07:21 - Early education

Play segment

Partial Transcript: What elementary, junior high, and high school did you attend?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about attending the segregated Bates School for all of her early education. She talks about her favorite teachers, and her participation in sports and organizations.

Keywords: Academics; Admired; Athletics; Basketball; Bates School; Class president; Extracurricular activities; Favorite teachers; Friends; Girl Reserves; Interaction; Relationships; Schools; Segregated schools; Sports; White friends

Subjects: African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Childhood; Race relations--Kentucky; Segregation in education--Kentucky

GPS: Danville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.645556, -84.769722
00:12:01 - Family life

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Did you feel that your family valued education?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about her family valuing education, and talks about her family's education and occupations. She talks about what her family did for fun during her childhood, and the role of the church in her life.

Keywords: Close-knit; Elopement; Entertainment; Family values; First Baptist Church; Games; Jobs; Kentucky State University; Occupations; Parents; Reading; Siblings; Simmons University; Social role; Teachers; University of Louisville

Subjects: African American churches--Kentucky; African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Conduct of life.; African Americans--Education (Higher); African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Religion.

GPS: Danville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.645556, -84.769722
00:18:33 - Undergraduate education at Kentucky State University

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Who made the decision that you were going to college?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about her childhood aspirations that led to her decision to attend college. She talks about her undergraduate education at Kentucky State in the field of elementary education. She talks about the extracurricular activities she participated in.

Keywords: Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority; Aspirations; Decisions; Elementary education; English; Extracurricular activities; Missionaries; Seamstresses; Sororities; Sunday school; Teachers; Undergraduate degree

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Recreation; College majors; College students, Black; College students--Conduct of life.; Greek letter societies.; Kentucky State University; Minorities in higher education

GPS: Kentucky State University
Map Coordinates: 38.2, -84.858333
00:21:50 - Graduate education at Indiana University

Play segment

Partial Transcript: When you graduated from Kentucky State did you go on to pursue graduate study or did you work before receiving a graduate degree?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about attending Indiana University to obtain her masters in secondary education. She talks about her experiences on campus and the difference between the campus and the wider city of Bloomington which was much more segregated.

Keywords: Bloomington (Ind.); Experiences; Graduation; Indiana University; Limitations; Masters degrees; Secondary education

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; College campuses.; College environment; College students, Black; College students--Conduct of life.; Discrimination in higher education; Indiana University; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; United States--Race relations.; Universities and colleges--Graduate work.; University towns

GPS: Indiana University
Map Coordinates: 39.162222, -86.529167
00:24:48 - Philosophy about education

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And then after I received my master's degree from, um, Indiana U, I went to Ohio State and took school administration.

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about getting her certification in school administration from Ohio State University. She talks about her interest in learning simply to learn, not to earn more money, though she earned her degree at UK in part because of the salary increases brought about by the Minimum Foundation Program.

Keywords: Cars; Certifications; Classes; Finance; Learning; Librarianship; Minimum Foundation Program; Money; Salary discrepancies; Salary equalization; School administration

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African Americans--Conduct of life.; African Americans--Economic conditions.; African Americans--Education (Higher); African Americans--Education.; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Social conditions.; College students--Attitudes.; Discrimination in employment.; Ohio State University; Race discrimination.; Race relations--Kentucky; Teachers--Kentucky; University of Kentucky; Wages.

GPS: Ohio State University
Map Coordinates: 40, -83.0145
00:31:48 - Discrimination at the University of Kentucky

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So I said I'll go to UK and, uh, get my library degree.

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about her experiences at UK while obtaining her degree in librarianship. She talks about receiving threats, being ignored by professors, and other forms of discrimination which led to her choosing not to take her final oral exam to receive her degree. Years later she did take and pass the exam.

Keywords: Attitudes; Commuting; Distance; Failing; Ignored; Involvement; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); Oral examinations; Popularity; Professors; Threats; Treatment; Visiting instructors

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College choice; College environment; College integration; College students, Black; College teachers.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; Universities and colleges--Graduate work.; University of Kentucky. College of Library Science

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:39:39 - Discrimination in extension courses

Play segment

Partial Transcript: What was UK's reputation like when you enrolled at--in the Black community?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about UK's reputation within the Black community. She talks about attempting to take an extension course from the University of Kentucky and being told she and the other African American students in the class were not able to enroll.

Keywords: Acceptance; Attitudes; Black community; Day Law; Extension classes; Lawsuits; Professors; Reputations; School superintendents

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College integration; College students, Black; College teachers.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Minorities in higher education; Race discrimination.; Race relations--Kentucky; Racism; Segregation in higher education.; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; Universities and colleges--Public relations

GPS: Danville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.645556, -84.769722
00:46:06 - Rating the University of Kentucky

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Do you feel like you received a quality education from the University of Kentucky?

Segment Synopsis: Frye discusses whether she received a quality education at UK. She talks more about her experiences with discrimination at the university. She talks about some of her former students who attempted to attend UK and also had negative experiences. She compares UK with Ohio State University and Indiana University.

Keywords: Attitudes; Changes; Desmond Tutu; Dropping out; Narrow-minded; Professors; Quality of education; Recommendations; Reconciliation; Summer courses; Well-rounded; White friends

Subjects: African American college students--Social conditions; African Americans--Education--Kentucky--Lexington; College environment; College students, Black; College students--Attitudes.; College teachers.; Discrimination in higher education; Educators; Indiana University; Lexington (Ky.)--Race relations.; Minorities in higher education; Ohio State University; Race discrimination.; Racism--Kentucky--Lexington; Universities and colleges--Faculty.; Universities and colleges--Ratings and rankings.; University of Kentucky. College of Library Science

GPS: University of Kentucky
Map Coordinates: 38.033333, -84.5
00:54:18 - Life since graduation

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So what have you been doing since you graduated with your masters in library science as far as your career?

Segment Synopsis: Frye talks about her work as a librarian in Danville after her graduation from UK. She talks about her husband and children. She talks briefly about her family history. She mentions living in the dorms at UK. The interview concludes abruptly.

Keywords: Children; Commuting; Death; Dorms; Heart conditions; Husbands; Jewell Hall; John Frye; Married; Post offices; Retirement; Slaves; White ancestors

Subjects: African American college graduates--Kentucky; African American families; African Americans--Employment.; African Americans--Genealogy.; Danville (Ky.); Family histories.; Family--history; Librarians.; Minority librarians; Race relations--Kentucky; School integration--Kentucky; School librarians; School libraries.; Slavery--United States.; Student housing; Teachers--Kentucky

GPS: Danville (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.645556, -84.769722