Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Barry Spivey, July 16, 2006

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:05 - Waste organization in Jackson County

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Partial Transcript: This is Dale Johnson working with the PRIDE Program, um, in Eastern Kentucky...

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the waste management organization in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Cindy Lackey; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Lackey, Cindy; Landfills; Metal waste; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Waste management services

Subjects: Cumberland County (Ky.); Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:05:41 - Spivey's background

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Partial Transcript: But, um, I was wondering if, before we start talking about PRIDE, if I could just get like some background on you.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses his family's background and various places he's lived and studied in Kentucky.

Keywords: Camp Zachary Taylor (Ky.); Eastern Kentucky; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Solid waste

Subjects: Environmental cleanup; Families.; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Lexington (Ky.)

GPS: Camp Zachary Taylor (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 38.195556, -85.715556
00:09:15 - Beginning of PRIDE

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Partial Transcript: That's--I think they--well they started about '97 didn't they?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the start of the PRIDE program in Kentucky as well as his role as PRIDE coordinator and Solid Waste Coordinator within Waste Management Services in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Landfills; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Pride coordinators; Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:11:02 - Development of waste management

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Partial Transcript: But, um, what, what about your perspective on the--on, um, how things have changed since you were young?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey briefly discusses what rural life was like during his childhood and the development of waste management in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Kentucky; Landfills; Rural living

Subjects: Childhood; Estill County (Ky.); Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:17:52 - Illegal dumping

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Partial Transcript: Well, um, you know talking about all these big dumps and stuff, do you, do you have problems with, um, people dumping there again after you've cleaned it up?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the trend of illegal garbage disposal and waste management's policies in response to it.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Enforcement; Environmental cleanup; Landfills; Law enforcement; Morris Tire Disposal; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Solid waste management

Subjects: Environmental law.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:21:28 - Consequences for illegal dumping

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Partial Transcript: Um, do you--if you find somebody dumping do you--I mean if you figure out who it is, do you have, um--do you sic the law on 'em?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the policies of the waste management services of Jackson County Kentucky in-depth.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Enforcement; Law enforcement; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Rural living; Solid waste management

Subjects: Environmental law.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:27:40 - Volunteer groups

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Partial Transcript: And they, they pick--in fact, I hauled and picked up a load this morning on a road they'd done yesterday.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the various volunteer groups that come and assist with environmental cleanup in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Bond Pentecostal Holiness Church; Environmental cleanup; Landfills; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Roadside litter; Solid waste disposal; Volunteering; Waste disposal

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Litter (Trash); Pollution.; Volunteers; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:32:35 - Citizen reactions to required ordinances

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Partial Transcript: Um, trying to think here. N, now, I'm thinking of the timeline on the PRIDE in the county, we talked about--I've got all kinds of numbers here.

Segment Synopsis: The interviewer and Spivey discuss various citizens' reactions to city mandated ordinances.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Landfills; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Solid waste disposal; Solid waste management; Waste management in Eastern Kentucky; Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental law.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Letcher County (Ky.); Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:36:19 - Organization of waste management and regulations services

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Partial Transcript: Um, so when did you start the trash pickup then? You had your first landfill 24 years ago?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the various methods, routines, and policies for everyday regulation of the waste management services in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Bickford, James; Caterpillar Machinery; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Garbage disposal; Illegal waste dumping; James Bickford; Landfills; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Sanitation departments; Solid waste disposal; Waste management services

Subjects: Clay County (Ky.); Environmental law.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:43:15 - PRIDE coordinators and funding

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Partial Transcript: Um, now you said on the phone that in 2000 when you went mandatory--no wait, I'm getting this confused.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the officer positions in the PRIDE organization.

Keywords: Atkinstown Dump; Bersagal, Cheryl; Bob Mitchell; Cheryl Bersagal; Davis, Mark; Dunsil, John; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Hal Rogers; Hayes, Jim; Jeff Speaks; Jim Hayes; John Dunsil; Mark Davis; Mike Pollard; Mitchell, Bob; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Pollard, Mike; Rogers, Hal; Speaks, Jeff; Trash pickup; Waste Management Services; Waste management

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:49:11 - Funding the cleanups

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Partial Transcript: --(coughs)--But that was the year that I was telling you that the grant was for half a million dollars, alright?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the various grants the PRIDE organization received to help fund the dump cleanups in Jackson County Kentucky and other various counties of Eastern Kentucky.

Keywords: 1209 Dump; Atkinstown Dump; Dunsil, John; Environmental cleanup; Government grants; John Dunsil; Lower Drive Fork Dump; Mike Pollard; PRIDE Spring Cleanup; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Pollard, Mike; Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
00:57:55 - PRIDE Committee in Jackson County

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Partial Transcript: You know we also have a PRIDE Committee, a lot of counties don't have that.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the PRIDE Committee in Jackson County and the various responsibilities of committee members.

Keywords: Atkinstown Dump; Eastern Kentucky; Eddie Morgan; Environmental cleanup; Hayes, Jim; Jim Hayes; Morgan, Eddie; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Sue Wright; Wright, Sue

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
01:03:02 - Various illegal dumps in Jackson County

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Partial Transcript: Yeah we got this one old goofy guy that works up here, we get a big kick out of him. He's all the time coming up with something crazy.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes a few of the various solid waste dumps that were cleaned up in Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: 1209 Dump; Atkinstown Dump; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
01:08:13 - Waste management in the past

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Partial Transcript: One thing I wondered, I mean--okay, at one time we were tal--I think we were talking about this, one time in Kentucky out here people would reuse everything.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses the impact modern products like styrofoam and plastic have had on waste management services and local forests and land preserves.

Keywords: Daniel Boone National Forest; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Forestry; Illegal waste dumping; Mills Creek Wildlife Preserve; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Plastic; Styrofoam; Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Litter (Trash); Natural areas; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
01:15:00 - Dry counties

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Partial Transcript: --drunks I ever seen in my life.--(laughs)--

Segment Synopsis: Spivey and the interviewer discuss the policies of dry counties.

Keywords: Alcohol; Dry counties; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Waste management services

Subjects: Alcohol--Law and legislation--Kentucky; Jackson County (Ky.)

01:19:52 - James Bickford and PRIDE

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Partial Transcript: Well w, what I wanted--was curious about was, um, you said you knew James Bickford? You have any good James Bickford stories?

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses James Bickford's involvement in the development of the PRIDE organization and Bickford's reaction to the growing waste problem in Eastern Kentucky.

Keywords: Bickford, James; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Greg Stumbo; James Bickford; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Stumbo, Greg; Waste management services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
01:22:24 - PRIDE in Cumberland County

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Partial Transcript: But, um, it's interesting the way this PRIDE program is developed, 'cause I don't think there's hardly any other place in the country where the Army Corps of Engineers gives out money.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the PRIDE program in Cumberland County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Army Corps of Engineers; Cave Spring Road; Cumberland Falls; Cumberland Lake; Cumberland Springs; Dale Hollow; Environmental cleanup; Hal Rogers; Highway 89; Hunting; Mammoth Cave; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Pride of the Cumberland program; Rogers, Hal; Rural living; Waste management services

Subjects: Cumberland County (Ky.); Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Somerset (Ky.); Waste management

GPS: Cumberland County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 36.78, -85.39
01:28:31 - Kentucky's landscape

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Partial Transcript: I used to fish and hunt, but I've kind of got away from hunting. I just like to fish.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey describes the process of waste management services working with the nature preserves in order to complete environmental cleanups.

Keywords: 1209 Dump; Army Corps of Engineers; Bats; Burkesville (Ky.); Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Federal Fish and Wildlife Preserve; Hunting; Kentucky Fish and Wildlife; Kentucky River; Kentucky caves; Mussels; Rural living; Waste management services; Wolf Creek Den

Subjects: Cumberland County (Ky.); Frankfort (Ky.); Jackson County (Ky.); Landfills; Nature preserves; Somerset (Ky.); Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01
01:34:35 - Other landscapes

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Partial Transcript: I-I was living in the upstate New York for the last six years working for a statewide organization up there and they have all kinds of trouble with different species coming into those lakes.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey and the interviewer discuss the landscapes of various areas in New York and Canada.

Keywords: Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Highway 75; Little Falls (N.Y.); Mohawk River; Queen Victoria Parkway; Waste management services

Subjects: Canada; Natural areas; New York

GPS: Little Falls (N.Y.)
Map Coordinates: 43.042778, -74.8575
01:39:07 - Future plans for Jackson County waste management services

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Partial Transcript: But, um, well is there--I don't want to keep you all day here.

Segment Synopsis: Spivey discusses his hopes for the future of waste management services of Jackson County, Kentucky.

Keywords: Buyback centers; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental cleanup; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Waste Management Services

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Jackson County (Ky.); Kentucky; Landfills; Pollution.; Recycling (Waste, etc.); Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal sites; Waste management

GPS: Jackson County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.42, -84.01