Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Jimmy Dale Sanders, February 23, 2007

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:06 - Environmental changes since the 1950s

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Partial Transcript: This is Dale Johnson with Eastern Kentucky PRIDE...

Segment Synopsis: Sanders discusses his impression of his environment growing up, recalling that the creeks were clean enough to swim in. He also recalls that the majority of food was produced at home, with families growing gardens and raising their own livestock.

Keywords: Bottles, soda; Contamination; Creeks; Fast food restaurants; Food; Gardens; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE) directors; Rivers; Roads; Solid waste coordinators; Swimming; Television dinners

Subjects: Coal mines and mining; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky.; Coal mines and mining--Waste disposal; Farming; Floyd County (Ky.); Litter (Trash); Pike County (Ky.); Pollution.; Recycling programs; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Sewage; Waste disposal; Water; Water--Pollution.

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
00:07:30 - Littering and illegal dumping

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Partial Transcript: So did PRIDE help you clean up a lot of illegal dumps?

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about the problem of illegal dumping in Pike County (Ky.) and describes how Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE) grants helped the county to clean up polluted areas. He then discusses Pike County's policy of mandatory trash collection. Sanders also talks about how the problem of illegal dumping and littering could be remedied. He talks in great detail about the litter problem in Pike County (Ky.).

Keywords: Advertisement; Appliances; Attorney Generals; Constables; Dumping, illegal; Eastern Kentucky; Environmental clean-ups; Fast food restaurants; Garbage collection; Grants; Greg Stumbo; Habits; Hal Rogers; Litter abatement; Littering; Metal; PRIDE Clubs; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Pike County Division of Solid Waste; Rogers, Howard Dallas “Hal”; Stumbo, Greg; Super grants; Trash pick up; Virgie (Ky.)

Subjects: Charleston (S.C.); Children; Education; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Grants; Inmates in institutions; Kentucky; Law enforcement; Letcher County (Ky.); Litter (Trash); New York; Pike County (Ky.); Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rogers, Harold Dallas, 1937-; Schools; Tourism; Waste disposal; Waste disposal sites; West Virginia

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
00:29:49 - Metal and tire recycling

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Partial Transcript: And, you know, its just a head-scratcher that you've got county wide pick up and it looks like you're not even charging people to dump metal.

Segment Synopsis: Sanders describes the metal and appliance recycling program that is available in Pike County (Ky.), which is available without cost to the citizens. He then talks about the tire recycling program in the county.

Keywords: Appliances; Buy backs; Dumping, illegal; Eastern Kentucky Power Cooperative; Gover, Mike; Judges; Metal; Mike Gover; Paper; Recycling; Stoves; Tires; Water heaters; White goods

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Letcher County (Ky.); Recycling (Waste, etc.); Recycling programs; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
00:33:48 - Funding the clean up of Pike County (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: But, um, uh, going back to your--the litter, do you organize a spring and a fall clean up--

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about the Spring Clean-Up and Fall Clean-Up that are organized with grants from Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE). He also talks about other organizations that help to clean up Pike County (Ky.). Sanders then discusses the cost involved in cleaning up solid waste in the county.

Keywords: Bickford, James; Boxes; Carroll Smith; Dumps, illegal; Fall Clean Up; Fiberglass insulation; Funding; Hal Rogers; James Bickford; Litter, roadside; Metal; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Rogers, Dallas Howard “Hal”; Smith, Carroll; Solid waste; Spring Clean Up; Volunteering

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Grants; Letcher County (Ky.); Litter (Trash); Pike County (Ky.); Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rogers, Harold Dallas, 1937-; Sewage; Tourism; Volunteers; Waste disposal; Waste disposal sites; Water

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
00:53:42 - James Bickford and Hal Rogers

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Partial Transcript: What about--is Fish Trap Lake, is that Corps of Engineers?

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about cleaning up Fish Trap Lake (Ky.), which was formerly called “Trash Lake,” with the United States Army Corps of Engineers (ACES). He then talks in detail about James Bickford and Hal Rogers, who were important allies in environmental efforts.

Keywords: Bickford, James; Fish Trap Lake (Ky.); Garbage; Hal Rogers; James Bickford; Littering; Rogers, Hal; Rogers, Howard Dallas “Hal”; Thacker; Trash Lake; United States Army Corps of Engineers (ACES)

Subjects: Bickford, James; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Harlan County (Ky.); Lakes; Litter (Trash); Lynch (Ky.); Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rogers, Harold Dallas, 1937-; United States.Army Corps of Engineers.; Waste disposal; Waste disposal sites

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
00:57:09 - Water quality

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Partial Transcript: What--another thing that's surprising to me, as kind of an outsider look, looking at this from the interviewing, is how many volunteer hours occurred with this program.

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about the volunteers who are integral to Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE)’s efforts. He then talks about keeping creeks and lakes clean in Pike County (Ky.).

Keywords: Children; Crawdads; Crayfish; Creeks; Fishing; Grants; Kentucky Waterways; Littering; Paperwork; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Schools; Septic systems; Sewers; Straight pipes; Volunteering; Water quality; Water testing

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Litter (trash); Plumbing.; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rivers; Septic tanks; Sewerage.; Volunteers; Water quality.; Water supply; Water-supply

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:03:42 - PRIDE clubs

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Partial Transcript: I don't know how many PRIDE Clubs there are in this--

Segment Synopsis: Sanders discusses Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE)’s work with students and teachers.

Keywords: East Ridge High School; Littering; PRIDE Clubs; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE)

Subjects: Environmental education.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; High schools; Litter (Trash); Pike County (Ky.); Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Schools

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:05:49 - Trash collection

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Partial Transcript: I've got a pretty good idea of what's going on here in Pike County, and let it--is there anything you want to add for the posterity here on a--this interview will go to the u, University of Kentucky and be archived there...

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about the cost of garbage collection, which is calculated as a percentage of the person’s income. He then discusses the difficulties of buy backs, in which people are paid to bring in recyclable materials.

Keywords: Automobiles; Buy backs; Carroll Smith; Cars; Garbage collection; Hal Rogers; Incomes; Judges; Landfills; Pike County Division of Solid Waste; Recycling programs; Rogers, Hal; Rogers, Howard Dallas “Hal”; Smith, Carroll; Trash pick up

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Letcher County (Ky.); Perry County (Ky.); Pike County (Ky.); Recycling (Waste, etc.); Refuse and refuse disposal.; Rogers, Harold Dallas, 1937-; Waste disposal

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:15:15 - Coal mining’s effects on the environment / garbage collection

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Partial Transcript: I like it when the coal companies get involved.

Segment Synopsis: Sanders discusses the effects that coal mining has on water quality in Pike County (Ky.). He then talks about the garbage collection services in Pike County (Ky.). Sanders also describes a program that picks up people with disability’s trash directly from their door.

Keywords: Coal companies; Coal mining; Garbage trucks; Medical pick ups; Water

Subjects: Coal mines and mining; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Letcher County (Ky.); Pike County (Ky.); Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal; Water quality.

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:20:11 - Work with judges and fiscal courts

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Partial Transcript: How--that brings up, how is the fiscal court and ju, judge?

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about Pike County (Ky.) judges’ support of Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE).

Keywords: Courts, fiscal; Judges; Lockhart, Rex; Patton, Paul E.; Paul Patton; Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Rex Lockhart; Rutherford, Wayne T.; Solid waste commissioners; Wayne Rutherford

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Letcher County (Ky.); Patton, Paul E., 1937-; Pike County (Ky.); Politicians--Kentucky; Politics and government; Recycling (Waste, etc.); Recycling programs; Refuse and refuse disposal.

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:26:03 - Coal mining

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Partial Transcript: I was in the mine industry for thirty-five years.

Segment Synopsis: Sanders talks about the health problems caused by being a coal miner, as well as his fondness for the profession. He also discusses mining accidents.

Keywords: Coal miners; Coal mining; Laws; Mining accidents; Procedures

Subjects: Coal mine accidents; Coal miners; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky.; Coal mines and mining--Waste disposal; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Law.; Mining law.

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753
01:30:44 - Wastefulness

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Partial Transcript: Now this right here is just a glimpse of what you'll have when, uh--when the weather gets a little bit better.

Segment Synopsis: Sanders discusses the worrisome development of wastefulness in modern society. He then talks about requiring fast food restaurants to pay for the waste they create.

Keywords: Conservation; Daughters; Fast food restaurants; Garbage; Great Depression; Society; Trash; Waste

Subjects: Depressions--1929--Kentucky; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Pollution.; Refuse and refuse disposal.; Waste disposal

GPS: Pike County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.4842, -82.4753