Interview with John Webb, Jim Toliver, and Evan Smith, February 15, 2007

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:05 - Introduction

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Partial Transcript: Testing. Yeah, that's it.

Segment Synopsis: The interviewees introduce themselves and talk about their job titles.

Keywords: Directors; James Toliver; Kentucky River Basin Coordinators; Kentucky River Watershed Watch Samplers; Kentucky State Division of Water; Letcher County Water and Sewer District; Regina Sizemore; Rockhouse Creek Water Basin; Sizemore, Regina; The Head of Three Rivers Project; Toliver, James; Water projects

Subjects: AmeriCorps (U.S.); Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Kentucky. Division of Water Quality; Kentucky. Division of Water Resources; Letcher County (Ky.); Rivers; Water

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641
00:02:26 - Water quality and other environmental issues in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Okay. Were--today we're interviewing Jim Toliver and my first question will be, uh, where was you born and raised at?

Segment Synopsis: Toliver talks about when and where he was born, as well as where he currently lives. Next, he discusses the water quality when he was growing up and the reason he became passionate about water conservation.

Keywords: Bears; Coca Cola Company; Crawdads; Crayfish; Doctors; Fathers; Garbage; Grandfathers; Mayflies; Panbowl Lake (Ky.); Rockcastle (Ky.); Trash; Wastewater treatment plants; Wives

Subjects: Charlotte (N.C.); Coal mines and mining; Coca-Cola Company.; Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Fishing; Habitats; Hazard (Ky.); Lawyers; Letcher County (Ky.); Lexington (Ky.); Logging; Morgantown (W.Va.); North Carolina; Pennsylvania; Physicians; Sewage; Sewerage; University of Tennessee; Waste water treatment plants; Water quality; Whitesburg (Ky.); Wildlife

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641
00:10:54 - Environmental effects of logging and mining

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Partial Transcript: But I think its better, in a lot of ways, and I think its worse, just on my visual, in some other ways.

Segment Synopsis: Toliver discusses the issue of water quality in Letcher County (Ky.), and how it is affected by logging and mining. Toliver and Smith then talk about how economic realities affect the environment.

Keywords: Atomic bombs; Bears; Clinch River (Va. and Tenn.); Fishing; Mercury; Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB); Powell River (Va. and Tenn.); Rockcastle (Ky.); Selenium; Tennessee River (Tenn.)

Subjects: Clinch River Watershed (Va. and Tenn.); Coal mines and mining; Economy & environment; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Knoxville (Tenn.); Lawyers; Letcher County (Ky.); Logging; Morgantown (W. Va.); North Carolina; Oak Ridge (Tenn.); Pennsylvania; Polychlorinated biphenyls--Environmental aspects.; Powell River (Va. and Tenn.); Radioactive pollution.; Radioactive waste disposal.; Virginia; Wise County (Va.)

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641
00:20:24 - Contamination of water

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Partial Transcript: Where did you get your household water when you was a kid?

Segment Synopsis: Toliver discusses how his family obtained water. He then recalls drinking well water at a coal camp as a child, which tasted remarkably different than heavily chlorinated city water.

Keywords: Blackey (Ky.); Bud Toliver; Camp Branch (Ky.); Coal camps; Contamination; Doctors; Fathers; Lawsuits; Seco coal camp; Toliver, Bud; Water; Water pollution; Wells

Subjects: Coal mines and mining; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Fleming-Neon (Ky.); Jenkins (Ky.); Physicians; Pollution--Law and legislation.; Seco (Ky.); Water quality.; Water treatment plants; Water--Pollution.; Whitesburg (Ky.)

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641
00:26:09 - Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE)

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Partial Transcript: So what's your impression about PRIDE?

Segment Synopsis: Toliver talks about his opinion of Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE), which has helped clean up the community. He also gives suggestions for improving the program.

Keywords: Allen Branch (Ky.); Bickford, James; Blackey Waste Water Treatment Plant; Carroll Smith; Funding; Hal Rogers; James Bickford; Millstone (Ky.); Personal Responsibility in a Desirable Environment (PRIDE); Rogers, Howard Dallas “Hal”; Smith, Carroll

Subjects: Bickford, James; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Headwaters; Letcher County, (Ky.); Political science; Rogers, Hal; Smith, Carroll; Water treatment plants

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641
00:32:51 - Water quality in Letcher County, (Ky.)

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Partial Transcript: I'm going to uh, interrupt here because we only have about six or seven minutes left of class.

Segment Synopsis: Webb talks about the improvement made in the water quality in Letcher County (Ky.). Toliver the talks about improvements that could be made to the water quality in the county.

Keywords: Blackey (Ky.); Clean Water Act (CWA); Fecal pollution; Federal government; Judges; Kentucky River, North Fork (Ky.); Kentucky State Division of Water; Pathogens; Sediment; Sewers; Wastewater treatment plants; Water testing; Wells; Woodrock (Ky.)

Subjects: Environmental protection; Environmentalism--History.; Environmentalism--United States--History.; Environmentalism--United States.; Environmentalism.; Environmentalists.; Kentucky; Kentucky River (Ky.); Kentucky. Division of Water Quality; Kentucky. Division of Water Resources; Letcher County (Ky.); Pathogenic bacteria.; Pollution--Law and legislation.; Sewerage.; Waste water treatment plants; Water quality; Water supply; Water--Pollution.; Water-supply; Whitesburg (Ky.)

GPS: Letcher County (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.1254, -82.8641