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00:00:01 - County government

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Partial Transcript: The following interview is with former Governor Earle C. Clements. The interviewer is James W. Hammock, Jr.

Segment Synopsis: Clements recalls how his time in county government sparked his passion for government and provided him valuable experience and understanding.

Keywords: County judges; Experience; Government; Legislation

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; County government; Kentucky. Governor (1947-1950 : Clements)

00:03:46 - State police legislation

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Partial Transcript: The sheriff's, um, uh--my work in the sheriff's office was really what prompted me a, in, uh--when I was Governor to make a, a decision to do away with the highway patrol and establish a state police.

Segment Synopsis: Clements gives an account of the procedure and people involved with passing the state police legislation. He describes the cooperation between legislative branches and the implementation of the program.

Keywords: Bills; Committees; Cooperation; Education requirements; Governors; Highways; Law enforcement; Legislation; Physical requirements; Police authority; Police commissioners; Sheriffs; Standards; State Senate; State police; Wendell Ford

Subjects: Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate; Kentucky. Governor (1947-1950 : Clements); Police, State

00:16:30 - State Building Commission

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Partial Transcript: Getting back to your original, uh, question, uh, had I not served in, uh--as the sheriff of our county, I don't think this would've ever been a thought to me.

Segment Synopsis: Clements recounts establishing the State Building Commission and the bodies he thought should be involved in its formation, also explaining some of the inner workings and role it played.

Keywords: Attorney General; Buildings; Campus development; Commissioner of Finance; Commissioner of Revenue; Department of Finance; Department of Revenue; Disagreement; Experience; Governors; Legislature; State Building Commission

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate

00:22:05 - Lawsuit regarding the Building Commission

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Partial Transcript: You're from Murray. You know the--of course there's been a, a cooperative movement that, uh, has been developed in, uh--(coughs)--since I was governor, with the federal government.

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes the lawsuit over the establishment of the Building Commission, and talks about John Watts' term as Majority Leader.

Keywords: Building Commission; Federal government; Governors; John Watts; Lawsuits; Majority Leaders; Tom Underwood

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; United States. Congress--History--20th century

00:29:29 - Redistricting bill / Carl Perkins' campaign

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Partial Transcript: I told that story, and if you want me to tell it on here I'll be glad to tell it.

Segment Synopsis: Clements tells a story about his involvement with a redistricting bill to create a new judgeship in Kentucky, and his involvement with getting Carl Perkins elected to State Congress.

Keywords: Bills; Campaigns; Candidates; Carl Perkins; Governors; Judges; Legislation; Redistricting; Sponsors

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate; Political campaigning and communication

00:41:18 - Carl Perkins

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Partial Transcript: Well, where had you first come to know Carl Perkins, and how did--why did you choose him as the candidate to run in that district?

Segment Synopsis: Clements gives an account of Carl Perkins' election to State Congress, how he was chosen as a candidate, and his conflict with Knott County schools.

Keywords: Campaigns; Candidates; Carl Perkins; Schools; State Congress

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate

00:53:33 - Roads and infrastructure investment

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Partial Transcript: Now, is my impression correct that, that this approach to getting legislation passed, that is, trying to inform interested persons, whether pro or con, beforehand, trying to iron out differences, ----------(??) this became a standard approach that you used in Congress as well as as Governor?

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes his approach to legislation, using his devotion to the roads program as an example, citing the gas tax he initiated and investment in infrastructure.

Keywords: Carl Perkins; Gas stations; Gas tax; Governors; Infrastructure; Investment; Legislation; Opposition; Taxes

Subjects: Government spending policy; Kentucky. Governor (1947-1950 : Clements); Roads; Taxation

01:08:36 - Experience leading to U.S. Senate

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Partial Transcript: Senator Clements, we were discussing, when we stopped the tape for a few moments to take a break, your experience as governor and, particularly in reference to the methods that you used to securing legislation as governor.

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes how his time in the State Senate prepared him for the House of Representatives, and how his time as Governor prepared him for the U.S. Senate.

Keywords: Budgets; Democrats; Governors; House of Representatives; Legislation; Majority Leaders; Senate; State Senate

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. Governor (1947-1950 : Clements)

01:21:06 - John Fred Williams / Clint Anderson

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Partial Transcript: You want to know my first experience with John Fred?

Segment Synopsis: Clements gives an account of his first encounter with John Fred Williams, Superintendent of Public Instruction, in passing a budget. He also tells of his aspirations for the Committee of Agriculture and his first encounter with Clint Anderson.

Keywords: Budgets; Clint Anderson; Committee of Agriculture; Committees; John Fred Williams; Special sessions; State Senate

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. General Assembly. Senate

01:32:27 - Senate committees--Part I

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Partial Transcript: Experience that you had, uh, in, uh, one office, uh--(coughs)--a lot of times would be the cause of a position you would take and, uh, the method you would use--

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes his involvement and interest in various committees in the Senate, how committee appointments are decided, and how his personal relationships played in to those decisions.

Keywords: Agriculture Committee; Appointments; Appropriations Committee; Clint Anderson; Committees; Garrett Withers; House of Representatives; Judiciary Committee; Politics; Relationships; Senate; Walter Lynch; Willis Smith

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Politicians--United States; United States. Congress--Committees

01:46:30 - Senate committees--Part II

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Partial Transcript: You've Indicated that those committees, those particular committees, were--pointed to Kentucky's interests.

Segment Synopsis: Clements explains that when considering interests, his first duty is to the federal government, then to his state, then to his party. The discussion then returns to congressional committees.

Keywords: Committees; Congress; Patriotism; Politics; State Senate

Subjects: Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; United States. Congress--Committees

01:52:46 - Voting in the Senate

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Partial Transcript: Was it advantageous to you when you first came into the Senate to have been in the House of Representatives and had some acquaintance, at least, with other members of Congress, though they might even be in a different house?

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes how votes in the Senate tended to operate, and how the parties got along. He then goes on to talk about Alben Barkley's influence. The latter part of this segment consists of an interruption by emergency sirens and Clements getting back on his train of thought about Barkley.

Keywords: Alben Barkley; Congress; Governors; Political parties; Votes; legislation

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; United States. Congress--History--20th century

02:01:43 - Alben Barkley

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Partial Transcript: Barkley was gonna carry our district by a big majority, and, uh, I was involved with a crowd that was gonna be leading his fight in our district.

Segment Synopsis: Clements recalls Alben Barkley's 1938 re-election campaign, and the opposition he met in Happy Chandler, speculating that Chandler ultimately lost the bid due to the votes of the coal mining regions and Chandler's stances on coal. Much of the middle of this segment is muddled with emergency sirens.

Keywords: Alben Barkley; Campaigning; Coal counties; Coal industry; Franklin Roosevelt; Happy Chandler; Politics; Re-election

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985

02:15:47 - Roosevelt's fourth term / campaign finance

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Partial Transcript: Uh, Senator Clements, after securing the nomination for the House, did you have a continuing relationship at that point with Barkley?

Segment Synopsis: Clements recalls Alben's post-primary meeting in Louisville, Kentucky and his re-election campaign. He discusses his continued relationship with Barkley, campaign fundraising in Kentucky, and the concerns surrounding Roosevelt's fourth term.

Keywords: Alben Barkley; Campaign finance; Campaigns; Franklin Roosevelt; Fundraising; Illness; Presidents; Re-election; World War II

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985

02:27:49 - Managing Barkley's re-election campaign

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Partial Transcript: Then, uh, Barkley left the financial side, and, uh, and, uh, started talking about who should manage the campaign in the state.

Segment Synopsis: Clements continues discussing Barkley's Kentucky campaign for re-election in the U.S. Senate.

Keywords: Ben Williamson; Campaign managers; Campaigning; Democratic party; Harry Lee Waterfield

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985

02:35:26 - Barkley's continued influence

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Partial Transcript: Uh, when you then came to Congress and the House, did you see--the occasion to see Barkley from time to time?

Segment Synopsis: Clements describes how Alben Barkley continued to have an influence and maintain an advisory role in Clements' career even after campaigning together. He also discusses his time as governor and his relationship with Simeon Willis and his wife.

Keywords: Alben Barkley; Congress; Governors; Harry Lee Waterfield; Legislature; Politics; Simeon Willis

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985; Kentucky. Governor (1947-1950 : Clements)

02:43:56 - Kentucky politicians

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Partial Transcript: Things you've said thus far indicate that Barkley played a substantial role in state affairs while he was in the Senate, at least where elections were concerned.

Segment Synopsis: Clements continues discussing Alben Barkley, his influence on state affairs from Washington, and some anecdotes about their families and other notable politicians from Kentucky. They close the interview discussing the public speaking styles of Barkley and himself.

Keywords: Alben Barkley; Elections; Family; Harry Truman; Influence; Kentucky; Public speaking; Senate; Trains

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985