Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Edward F. Prichard, Jr., November 26, 1980

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:09 - Kentucky politics in the 1930's and '40's

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Partial Transcript: But the New Deal had an impact on people of Kentucky. Than it might have had in other states.

Segment Synopsis: Prichard talks about the impact of the New Deal in Kentucky. The interview talks about his grandfather's support of President Roosevelt. Prichard talks about the political division in the state. He talks about the interview’s politician relatives.

Keywords: 1948 Lexington Democratic Convention; A.B. Happy Chandler; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Kentucky Dam; Kentucky politics; New Deal; TVA; Tennessee Valley Authority; Western Kentucky

Subjects: Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; New Deal, 1933-1939--Kentucky; Politicians--Kentucky.; Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945

00:07:22 - Support for New Deal

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Partial Transcript: Just, just generally speaking of--although the politics really fascinate me more than anything. And the, the, uh--I feel like the generation that came into state predominance during that period tended to dominate politics for the next thirty years.

Segment Synopsis: Prichard talks about Kentucky governors and the Tennessee Valley Authority in western Kentucky. He talks about the change in support for the New Deal, both statewide and nationally. Prichard describes the achievements of the WPA in Kentucky. He talks about Alben Barkley's campaign for Senator.

Keywords: A.B. Happy Chandler; Alben Barkley; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Governors; John Y. Brown, Jr.; Kentucky Dam; Kentucky senators; New Deal; New Dealers; Politicians; TVA; WPA; Work Projects Administration; Works Progress Administration

Subjects: Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956; Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; New Deal, 1933-1939--Kentucky

00:19:21 - A.B. Happy Chandler / New Deal in eastern Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: That, that Senate race to me is always fascinating to watch. Not only the two candidates, but the reactions of everybody else in state and local government, uh, who they side up with and what happens to them later.

Segment Synopsis: Prichard talks about the politics of Governor Chandler, and compares him to Governor Laffoon. He discusses Alben W. Barkley's campaign against George B. Martin. He talks about the political affiliations of eastern Kentucky and how the New Deal impacted the region. He describes the development of welfare programs.

Keywords: 1932 Democratic Primary Elections; Alben Barkley; Eastern Kentucky; George B. Martin; Harry F. Byrd; New Deal; Poverty; Republicans; Ruby Laffoon; Welfare

Subjects: Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; Kentucky. Governor (1935-1939 : Chandler); New Deal, 1933-1939--Kentucky; Party affiliation--Kentucky.; Politicians--Kentucky.

00:28:14 - Impact of the New Deal in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: And then you have more coal mines. And, of course, one of the great impacts of the New Deal in Kentucky, was the strengthening of the United Mine Workers.

Segment Synopsis: Prichard discusses how the New Deal strengthened the United Mine Workers union in Kentucky. He talks about how the New Deal changed the dominant political party in different regions of the state. He discusses the influence of racial politics and economic policies in Kentucky.

Keywords: Coal miners; Democrat counties; Eastern Kentucky; Economic policies; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Racial politics; Republican counties; Unions; WPA; Welfare; Western Kentucky; Works Progress Administration

Subjects: Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; Labor unions--Kentucky.; New Deal, 1933-1939--Kentucky; Party affiliation--Kentucky.

00:37:14 - Changes in state demographics / more on union activity in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: The period I'm trying to push, uh, the subject is broad, is just to say, Kentucky during the New Deal can mean any number of things. Uh, so, what I've been doing is trying to do some general reading.

Segment Synopsis: Prichard talks about the state's increase in African American population and its impact on politics. He discusses whether nor not the New Deal affected state legislation. He talks more about the Tennessee Valley Authority, welfare, and union activity in the state.

Keywords: A.B. Happy Chandler; African Americans; Alben W. Barkley; Black community; Demographics; Federal relief; Harlan County, Kentucky; Kentucky politics; Little TVA Act; New Deal; Politicians; Politics; Tennessee Valley Authority; Unions

Subjects: Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; New Deal, 1933-1939--Kentucky; Voting--Kentucky.

00:46:16 - More on A.B. Happy Chandler / Democratic party in Kentucky

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Partial Transcript: Were there any other, uh, factions in, uh, well I know the Democratic Party--they were never--were there always just one or two? I know--what I'm trying to say, was Barkley always affiliated with Tom Rhea, or against Happy?

Segment Synopsis: Prichard talks about politicians Governor Chandler supported. He discusses Chandler's efforts to require a party's gubernatorial candidates be chosen by a primary convention. He talks about other prominent Democrat politicians. He compares Chandler and Laffoon. He talks about Chandler as governor and other members of Congress when the interviewer’s grandfather was in office. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: A.B. Happy Chandler; Alben W. Barkley; Allie Young; Brent Spence; Democratic party; Earle C. Clements; Emmet O'Neal; Keen Johnson; Kentucky governors; Ruby Laffoon; Thomas Rhea

Subjects: Kentucky--Politics and government--1865-1950; Kentucky. Governor (1935-1939 : Chandler); Laffoon, Ruby, 1869-1941; Politicians--Kentucky.