Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Sanford T. Roach, December 1, 2008

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries

 

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00:00:00 - Early life and childhood / teaching positions

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Partial Transcript: Today is December--

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses his early life, childhood, and educational experience. He also describes the multiple teaching positions he has held over the years.

Keywords: Basketball; Basketball coaches; Bates High School; Children; College; Danville (Ky.); Dr. Atwood; Education; Family; Father; Frankfort (Ky.); Grandchildren; Jessie Roach; Kentucky State Industrial College; Marriage; Mary Smothers; Mother; N. L. Passmore; Paul L. Guthrie; Paul Laurence Dunbar High School; Recreational sports; Sandra Roach; Student council; T. W. Roach; Teaching; Thomas Roach; Wife

Subjects: African American educators; African American families; African American parents; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Employment; Education, Higher--Kentucky

00:10:41 - Marriages / being a principal / summer employment during World War II

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Partial Transcript: So, then, you've been married more than once?

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses his two marriages. He describes his time as principal at Carver Elementary School. He also provides insight into his time as a Merchant Marine during World War II.

Keywords: Army; Bob Bradley; Carver Elementary School; Children; Coaching; DNC Navigation Company; Detroit (Mich.); Education; Employment; F. L. Baker; Faculty; First wife; Frank Boss; Lettie Roach; Lexington Junior High School; Marriage; Mary Smothers; Merchant Marines; Military; Military service; Niagara Falls; P. L. Guthrie; Passengers; School integration; Steamships; Students; Teaching; Waiters; Waiting tables

Subjects: African American educators; African American families; African American parents; African Americans--Employment; Education; Teaching

00:20:50 - Experience in different schools / other jobs

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Partial Transcript: I was able to stay here in, uh, Fayette County and, uh, teach school.

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses his experience as an educator in both segregated and integrated schools in Lexington, Kentucky. He also describes some of the other jobs he has been employed at over the years.

Keywords: Carver Elementary School; Davis Bottom; Ed Landers; Education; Frank Boss; Happy Chandler; Integration; John Townsend; Lexington (Ky.); Mayor Pam Miller; Minority recruitment; Politics; Poor people; Poverty; Raymond Hampton; Retirement; Safety conditions; Scotty Baesler; State government; Students; Transportation

Subjects: African American educators; African Americans--Economic conditions; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Politics and government; Education, Secondary--Kentucky; Race relations--Kentucky; Social classes--United States.

00:32:24 - Moving to Lexington / living in the East End

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Partial Transcript: And my dear mama wouldn't let me drop out of school, cause I wanted to quit.

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses how he came to live in Lexington, Kentucky. He also describes the East End neighborhood and some of the Black-owned businesses that were in the area.

Keywords: Aspendale; Black businesses; Black community; Boys; Charlie Caul; Chestnut Street; Deweese Street; East End neighborhood; Employment; Family; Father; Guards; Holloway Fields; Housing; Housing reform; Hudson automobiles; Jim Miller; Kentucky Village; Lexington (Ky.); Lexington Colored Fair; Masonic lodge; Masons; Mother; Odell Moss; Third Street; Unity (Ky.)

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American educators; African American families; African American neighborhoods; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Housing; African Americans--Social conditions; Race relations--Kentucky

00:43:18 - Recreation in Lexington / local churches / local businesses

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Partial Transcript: Now tell me about the Colored Fair cause I was talking to a woman just yesterday and she mentioned it but she couldn't really remember--

Segment Synopsis: Roach describes the various things African Americans did for recreation. He also discusses local churches and businesses that were located in the East End neighborhood.

Keywords: Anderson Smallwood; Ballard's Drugstore; Baptist churches; Carnivals; Charlie Caul; Church services; Churches; Club Hurricane; Deluxe Ice Cream Bar; Deweese Street; Floyd Thomas; Horse racing; La Roca United Methodist Church; Lexington (Ky.); Lexington Colored Fair; Lyric Theatre; Palmer's Drugstore; Police; Pool rooms; Preaching; Red Mile; St. John Baptist Church; St. Paul AME Church; The Derby restaurant; Tom Vernon; Upper Street; West End Shopping Center; Women preachers

Subjects: African American Christians; African American business enterprises; African American businesspeople; African American churches--Kentucky; African American clergy; African American preachers; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Social conditions; Lexington (Ky.)--Buildings, structures, etc.; Race relations--Kentucky

00:54:44 - Experience as an entrepreneur / memories of the Lyric Theatre

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Partial Transcript: So, while you were doing all these other things you also were--

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses his time as the co-owner and operator of the Deluxe Ice Cream Bar. He also describes the times he had at the Lyric Theatre.

Keywords: Black-owned businesses; Bob Carson; Cab Calloway; Deluxe Ice Cream Bar; Deweese Street; Ella Fitzgerald; Entertainment; Fletch Henderson; Ike and Tina Turner; Lexington (Ky.); Lyric Theatre; Managers; Moms Mabley; Musicians; Neil Holiday; Red Foxx; Residential areas; Smith's Funeral Home; Stage shows; Thelma Young; Third Street; Wendell Home; Wesley AME Church

Subjects: African American business enterprises; African American musicians; African American neighborhoods; African American singers; African Americans--Recreation; Lexington (Ky.)--Buildings, structures, etc.

01:04:29 - Local institutions / current conditions of East End neighborhood

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Partial Transcript: Okay so the Lyric had, uh, uh--it's good and sort of bad--

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses some of the local institutions in Lexington, Kentucky. He also describes the current condition of the East End neighborhood.

Keywords: Burials; Cemetery No. 2; Contracting; East End neighborhood; Elm Street; Housing; Isaac Murphy; John Wallace; Lexington (Ky.); Lyric Theatre; Mr. Hogan; Revitalization; Third Street; Whitney Young

Subjects: African American cemeteries; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Housing; African Americans--Recreation; African Americans--Social conditions

01:13:33 - Impression of young people / advice to the younger generation

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Partial Transcript: What, what are your impressions of young people and what, uh, sort of advice would you give to young people?

Segment Synopsis: Roach discusses his impression of how African American youth are doing. He also provides some brief advice to the younger generation.

Keywords: Advice; Ambition; Barack Obama; Change; Church; Death; Education; Family; Father; French Lick (Ind.); French Lick Inn; Grandfather; Grandparents; Immigrants; Jobs; Pluto water; Sanford Roach; Skills; Success; Teaching; Young people

Subjects: African American families; African American young men; African American young women; African American youth; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Employment; African Americans--Social conditions