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00:00:07 - Reasons for writing her book, "Dr. King's Last Day"

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Partial Transcript: Today is, um, Thursday, August the 12th, 2010.

Segment Synopsis: Senator Georgia Davis Powers is introduced. She talks about her reasons for writing her book [at the time called "The Day Dr. Martin Luther King was Killed: Five Friends, Five Hours, Five Steps to Infamy," later released as "Dr. King's Last Day"] which recounted her experience as one of the five people in the room with Martin Luther King, Jr. during the last five hours of his life. She talks about the value of the new information that this book will provide, in contrast to the negative consequences of releasing more information about her affair with King.

Keywords: A.D. King; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; April 4, 1968; Assassinations; Books; Bugged; Dr. King's Last Day (Book); Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Living; Lorraine Motel; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Manuscripts; Memoirs; New information; Opinions; Poor People's Campaign; Poverty; Purpose; Reasons; Reputations; Resting; Room 201; The Day Dr. Martin Luther King was Killed: Five Friends, Five Hours, Five Steps to Infamy (Book); Truth; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"; Witnesses

Subjects: African American authors.; African American leadership; Assassination.; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Murder.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Writing

00:05:46 - Reactions to Reverend Ralph Abernathy revealing her relationship with Martin Luther King in his book

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Partial Transcript: Um, what do you think about, um, the criticism of your first book that you received?

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about Rev. Abernathy's book, "And the walls came tumbling down : an autobiography" in which he alludes to Powers' affair with Martin Luther King. She talks about people who reacted negatively to this revelation because of its effect on King's reputation. She talks about reactions to her own book, "I Shared the Dream."

Keywords: Abernathy, Ralph; Affairs; And the walls came tumbling down : an autobiography (Book); Attitudes; Autobiography; Betrayal; Books; Criticism; Decisions; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; I Shared the Dream: The Pride, Passion and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky (Book); Implications; Inner circle; Kidd, Mae Street; Mae Street Kidd; Manuscripts; Memoirs; Negative; Radio; Ralph Abernathy; Reactions; Relationships; Revealing; Treatment

Subjects: African American authors.; African American leadership; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Writing

00:13:52 - Beginning of her relationship with King

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Partial Transcript: Um, I, um, at that time, at that time, um, '67 when I was running, and he came to Louisville three times.

Segment Synopsis: Powers describes how she came to meet Martin Luther King for the first time through his brother, A.D. King. After she was introduced to King, she attended a rally at which he spoke, and says they then met afterwards at a hotel.

Keywords: 1967; Affairs; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Arrangements; Awareness; Brothers; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Guards; Hotels; Kentucky Christian Leadership Conference (KCLC); King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Marches; Meeting; Planning; Plans; Relationships; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"

Subjects: African American leadership; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Louisville (Ky.); Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-

00:19:25 - Other meetings with King / Reactions to her book, "I Shared the Dream"

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Partial Transcript: And so you meet King then. And then you said there are other times, in Chicago, wherever you--

Segment Synopsis: Powers discusses other times she met King at hotels, specifically in Chicago. She talks about which members of his staff were aware of their affair, and discusses some who have since denied their knowledge of it. She talks more about how people have reacted to learning about her affair with King in her book, "I Shared the Dream." She says she is not writing her new book for reasons of fame or publicity, but to tell the story of what happened in King's last five hours as the only person from that group who is still alive.

Keywords: Affairs; Arrangements; Attitudes; Awareness; Betrayal; Criticism; Dr. King's Last Day (Book); Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Expressway; Fame; Focus; History; Hosea Williams; Hotels; Hurt; I Shared the Dream: The pride, passion, and politics of the first Black woman senator from Kentucky (Book); Justification; Lies; Marches; Meetings; Negative; Observers; Opinions; Personal life; Poor People's Campaign; Public life; Publicity; Reactions; Relationships; Reputations; Staff; Story; The Day Dr. Martin Luther King was Killed: Five Friends, Five Hours, Five Steps to Infamy (Book); Treatment; Truth; Williams, Hosea; Witnesses

Subjects: African American authors.; African American leadership; Chicago (Ill.); King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Writing

00:32:09 - How observing King affected her personal philosophy

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Partial Transcript: But also, I have to say, what I learned from the experience--

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about how her own personal mindset and philosophy were changed by her observations of King and his philosophy. She talks about how he influenced her to become an advocate for the under served during her career as a senator. She talks about her family's reactions to her work in the field of civil rights.

Keywords: Advocates; Attitudes; Brothers; Careers; Compassion; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Effects; Family; Fear; Inequality; Kentucky Christian Leadership Conference (KCLC); Learning; Marches; Mentors; Mindset; Mothers; Observations; Philosophy; Point of view; Poor; Power; Selma Highway; Senate; Senators; Upbringing

Subjects: African American authors.; African American leadership; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights movements--United States; Families.; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Race discrimination.; Writing

00:40:34 - Nature of her relationship with King / Meeting King at the 1964 March on Frankfort

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Partial Transcript: Um, so, um, let's kind of go back to, uh, this discussion in terms of--and then I'm going to come back to what--

Segment Synopsis: Powers discusses the nature of her relationship with Martin Luther King, including whether they were attracted to one another, whether they were in love, and whether she was attracted to his status in the civil rights movement. She gives more details about their first meeting at the 1964 March on Frankfort.

Keywords: 1964; Affairs; Airports; Arrangements; Attitudes; Attraction; Awareness; Betrayal; Bills; Breathitt, Ned; Briefings; Clothing; Criticism; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Governors; Greatness; House of Representatives; Implications; Legislation; Legislators; Limousines; Love; March on Frankfort; Marches; Meeting; Ned Breathitt; Negative; Planning; Plans; Reactions; Relationships; Reputations; Stature; Television; Votes; Wife

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Frankfort (Ky.); King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Protest movements.; Race relations--Kentucky

00:50:39 - Operation Selma / Jesse Jackson

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Partial Transcript: So you don't hear from him anymore. Or do you?

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about how she became involved in the 1965 march from Selma to Montgomery, and the fundraising effort in Kentucky called Operation Selma. She talks about her relationship with Jesse Jackson and his role in the civil rights movement.

Keywords: 1965; A.D. King; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Attitudes; Contact; Democratic National Convention; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Jackson, Jesse; Jesse Jackson; King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Operation Breadbasket; Operation Selma; Organizing; People United to Save Humanity (Operation PUSH); Planning; Rallies; Rally; Selma March; Selma to Montgomery marches

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Protest movements.

00:56:01 - Personal life with her husband in 1964

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you as, um--okay, so you meet King in '64--

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about her personal life in 1964 at the time she met Martin Luther King. She talks about her relationship with her husband, the problems they were having, and their eventual divorce.

Keywords: 1964; Abuse; Alcohol; Davis, Norman; Divorce; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Drinking; Family; Husbands; Married; Military service; Norman Davis; Personal life; Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); Swords; World War II

Subjects: Families.; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Man-woman relationships.; Marriage; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Spouse abuse; World War, 1939-1945--Veterans.

00:59:55 - Feelings of guilt about her relationship with King

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Partial Transcript: Would, would you, uh, consider this manuscript, um, as being a means of a sort of spiritual cleansing or something?

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks more about writing her books, "I Shared the Dream" and "Dr. King's Last Day." She talks about the feelings of guilt she had at the time because of her affair with King, and talks about how she feels now. She talks more about her reason for writing her new book, to tell the story of what happened in King's last five hours as the only person from that group who is still alive.

Keywords: Affairs; Attitudes; Autobiography; Books; Churches; Cleansing; Deceased; Five friends; Forgiveness; Guilt; Living; Manuscripts; Media; Memoirs; Mindset; Reasons; Relationships; Religion; Resting; Spirituality; Timelines; Truth; Witnesses; Wrong

Subjects: African American leadership; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Louisville (Ky.); Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-

01:07:15 - 1965 March from Selma to Montgomery

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Partial Transcript: Um, with that being said, um, you know, A.D. comes to, uh, Louisville in '65.

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks more about how she became involved in the 1965 march from Selma to Montgomery, and the fundraising effort in Kentucky called Operation Selma which chartered a plane from Louisville to Montgomery. She talks about the other people who were involved and the logistics of the trip. She talks about her experience during the march.

Keywords: "How Long, Not Long" (Speech); 1965; 1967; A. Philip Randolph; A.D. King; Airplanes; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Capitol; Contact; Crowds; Dexter Baptist Church; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Fear; Fundraising; Hecklers; King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Meetings; Montgomery Airport; Randolph, A. Philip; Reverend Fred ("F.G.") Sampson; SCLC convention; Sampson, Fred ("F.G."); Selma March; Selma to Montgomery marches; Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Speeches; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Segregation; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Louisville (Ky.); Montgomery (Ala.); Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Protest movements.; Selma (Ala.)

01:18:21 - Impressions of A.D. King

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Partial Transcript: Um, I kind of want to go back to talking about A.D.

Segment Synopsis: Powers discusses her impressions of and relationship with Martin Luther King's brother, A.D. King. She talks about his drinking and discusses being the person called to check on A.D. when he was talking about committing suicide. She talks about his physical appearance; his relationships with women, including, according to Powers, Lukey Ward; his wife and children; and his role in the civil rights movement.

Keywords: 1965 Voting Rights Act; A.D. King; Affairs; Alcohol; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Antics; Attitudes; Breathitt, Ned; Brothers; Children; Death; Death threats; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Drinking; Family; Friendships; Governors; Kentucky; King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; King, Naomi; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Ministers; Naomi King; Ned Breathitt; Personality; Physical appearance; Preachers; Relationships; Signing bills; Suicidal; Suicide; Unhappy; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"; Wife; Women; Worried; Zion Baptist Church

Subjects: African American leadership; African Americans--Social conditions.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Families.; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Louisville (Ky.); Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Protest movements.

01:34:39 - Lucretia "Lukey" Ward

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Partial Transcript: All right. I, um, now I want to talk about Lukey.

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about how she met Lukey Ward. She discusses her opinions on Ward's personality, her attitude regarding the black community, and her work in the civil rights movement. She talks more about the relationship between Ward and A.D. King.

Keywords: 1963; A.D. King; Abuse; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Allied Organizations for Civil Rights (AOCR); Attitudes; Black community; Breathitt, Ned; Chandler, Happy; Children; Complexion; Credit; Family; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Governors; Happy Chandler; Impressions; Jasper Ward; Kentucky Christian Leadership Conference (KCLC); King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Mentality; Ned Breathitt; Volunteers; Ward, Jasper; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"

Subjects: Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Families.; Louisville (Ky.); Man-woman relationships.; Political campaigns; Politicians; Politics and government; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Race relations--Kentucky

01:45:10 - Attacks and FBI surveillance on King

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Partial Transcript: How do you think she met A.D.?

Segment Synopsis: Powers talks about a rock being thrown through the window of a car in which Martin Luther King was riding, leading him to write his "On this rock" speech. She discusses a protest planned to stop the Kentucky Derby, and why this plan was not put into action. She talks about Lukey Ward, who Powers says was feeding information about King to the FBI.

Keywords: "On This Rock" (Speech); 1967; A.D. King; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Attacks; Books; Bugged; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Houses; Inheritance; Kentucky Derby; King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Meetings; Planning; Protests; Rallies; Rally; Speeches; Spies; Spying; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"

Subjects: African American leadership; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968; Man-woman relationships.; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Protest movements.

01:57:49 - Relationship with Lukey Ward / Decision to go to Memphis in April of 1968

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Partial Transcript: I want to go back to Lukey Ward. Uh--

Segment Synopsis: Powers talk about her relationship with Ward, which she says was not a friendship but more of a coworker relationship. She tells a story of driving with Ward, a white woman, to Florida, through the South. She describes how she came to the decision to join Martin Luther King in Memphis, and her ride from Florida to Memphis with Ward and A.D. King. She talks more about the relationship between Ward and A.D. King. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: A.D. King; Affairs; Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams King; Beaches; Dangers; Decisions; Dinner parties; Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; Elections; Florida; Friendships; King, A.D.; King, Alfred Daniel (A.D.) Williams; Lorraine Motel; Lucretia "Lukey" Ward; Lukey Ward; Memphis (Tenn.); Motel registry; Relationships; Riots; Vacation; Ward, Lucretia "Lukey"; Work

Subjects: African Americans--Southern States.; Civil rights demonstrations; Civil rights movements--United States; Families.; Louisville (Ky.); Man-woman relationships.; Political campaigns; Politicians; Politics and government; Powers, Georgia Davis, 1923-; Race relations