Interview with Thomas B. Crump, March 27, 2003

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries

 

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00:00:00 - Prewar life

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Partial Transcript: The home of Sergeant Major Thomas B. Crump.

Segment Synopsis: Talks about working on farms when he was young.

Keywords: Great Depression; Louisville, KY; Tupelo, Mississippi; cotton fields

Subjects: Great Depression.; Louisville (Ky.); Tupelo (Miss.)

00:04:53 - Entrance into the service / Bombing of Pearl Harbor

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Partial Transcript: Did you join the Marines in order to get away from the farm and the work?

Segment Synopsis: Talks about joining the Marines and being at Pearl Harbor during the attack.

Keywords: Admiral Ainsworth.; Battleship Row; Bougainville; Camp Pendleton, California; Guadalcanal; Honolulu, Hawaii; Marines; Naval Intelligence; Norfolk, Virgina; Okinawa; Pearl Harbor; Peleliu; President Roosevelt; San Diego, California; USS Arizona; USS Cassin; USS Downes; USS Pennsylvania; USS Saratoga; USS Shaw; WPA

Subjects: Ainsworth, W. L. (Walden Lee), 1886-1960.; Arizona (Battleship); Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea); Camp Pendleton (Calif.); Cassin Young (Destroyer); Downes (Destroyer); Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands); Honolulu (Hawaii); Naval Intelligence Support Center (U.S.); Okinawa Island (Japan); Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941.; Peleliu Island (Palau); Pennsylvania (Battleship); San Diego (Calif.); United States. Marine Corps.; United States. Works Progress Administration.

00:18:22 - Orderly for the Admiral Ainsworth

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Partial Transcript: How long was your enlistment for when you enlisted?

Segment Synopsis: Talks about working as an orderly for Admiral Ainsworth.

Keywords: Adak, Alaska; Bougainville; Jackson, Mississippi; Kodiak, Alaska; Motor Transport Operations Chief; PFC (Private First Class); Parris Island, S.C.; Pearl Harbor; Washington, D.C.; c-rations

Subjects: Adak Island (Alaska); Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea); Kodiak (Alaska); Parris Island (S.C.); Pearl Harbor (Hawaii); Washington (D.C.)

00:26:56 - Places visited while in the military

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Partial Transcript: What was your rank at this time?

Segment Synopsis: Talks about all the places he's been to while in the military.

Keywords: Camp Hanson, Okinawa; Camp Lejeune, N.C.; Camp Pendleton, California; Cuba; First Battalion 5th Marines; First Recon Battalion; First Sergeant; Hong Kong; Korea; Manila; Master Sergeant; Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Puerto Rico; Second Engineer Battalion; Sergeant Major; Staff Sergeant; Tech Sergeant; Third Battalion 9th Marines; Tokyo, Japan; Vietnam

Subjects: Camp Lejeune (N.C.); Camp Pendleton (Calif.); Cuba.; Hong Kong (China); Korea.; Manila Bay (Philippines); Okinawa Island (Japan); Port-au-Prince (Haiti); Puerto Rico.; Tokyo (Japan); Vietnam.

00:33:17 - Recruitment

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Partial Transcript: Ok in 1962 you are in Vietnam and you are relieved.

Segment Synopsis: Talks about the difficulty of recruiting in the 1960's.

Keywords: Camp Pendleton, California; Louisville, Kentucky; Okinawa; Paducah, Kentucky; recruitment

Subjects: Camp Pendleton (Calif.); Louisville (Ky.); Okinawa Island (Japan); Paducah (Ky.)

00:37:15 - Invasion of Guadalcanal

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Partial Transcript: Can we go back a little bit to WWII and to your service on Okinawa?

Segment Synopsis: Talks about being present at the invasion of Guadalcanal. Talks about being wounded during the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Keywords: Guadalcanal; Henderson Field; Iwo Jima; LCM (landing craft); New Zealand; Pearl Harbor; Seabees; USS Pennsylvania; jungle; shrapnel

Subjects: Guadalcanal, Battle of, Solomon Islands, 1942-1943.; New Zealand.; Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941.; Pennsylvania (Battleship); United States. Navy. Seabees.

00:42:17 - Reflections on Pearl Harbor / Feelings toward the current war

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Partial Transcript: Will you tell us about some of the medals you have there?

Segment Synopsis: Reflects on the bombing of Pearl Harbor and talks about his feeling on the current war and war in general.

Keywords: MASH; Pearl Harbor; Twin Towers; bronze stars; good conduct medal; media; motor transport; silver stars; submarine

Subjects: Bronze Star Medal (U.S.); M*A*S*H (Television program); Military decorations.; Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941.; Silver Star.; Submarines (Ships); Transportation, Automotive.; World Trade Center (New York, N.Y.)

00:50:41 - Postwar life

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Partial Transcript: Let me ask you this, how old were you when you retired from active duty in 1967?

Segment Synopsis: Talks about his career after he retired from the military. Talks about meeting his first and second wife and how he has stayed in good shape.

Keywords: Junior ROTC; Marine Corps; Parris Island, S.C.; Pearl Harbor Survivors Reunion; University of Louisville; physical condition; real estate

Subjects: Exercise.; Parris Island (S.C.); Real estate.; United States. Marine Corps.; University of Louisville.

01:01:49 - Pictures and documents

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Partial Transcript: OK, we're still here with Sgt. Major Thomas B. Crump.

Segment Synopsis: Show pictures and talks about them.

Keywords: Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; General MacArthur; Okinawa Island; Pearl Harbor; USS Cassin; USS Downes; USS Missouri; peace treaty; pontoon bridge

Subjects: Atomic bomb--Japan--Hiroshima.; Atomic bomb--Japan--Nagasaki-shi.; Cassin Young (Destroyer); Downes (Destroyer); MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964.; Missouri (Battleship : BB 63); Okinawa Island (Japan); Pearl Harbor (Hawaii), Attack on, 1941.; Pontoon bridges.

01:09:31 - Pictures and documents (Continued)

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Partial Transcript: This is a picture when I was first Sergeant.

Segment Synopsis: Talks about pictures and documents he has collected from his time in the service.

Keywords: Bataan Death March; Bougainville; David Armstrong; Korean War; Okinawa Island; VFW

Subjects: Armstrong, David.; Bataan Death March, Philippines, 1942.; Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea); Korean War, 1950-1953.; Okinawa Island (Japan); Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States.

01:18:02 - Pictures and documents (Continued)

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Partial Transcript: Ok go ahead, we are continuing with Sgt. Crump here.

Segment Synopsis: Shows and talks about pictures and objects he has collected from his time in the military.

Keywords: Alaska; Camp Pendleton; Cold War; Louisville, KY; Paducah,KY; Pearl Harbor; WWII; blitz cloth; military ranks; swagger stick; sword board

Subjects: Alaska.; Camp Pendleton (Calif.); Cold war.; Louisville (Ky.); Paducah (Ky.); Pearl Harbor (Hawaii); World War, 1939-1945.