Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Ahmad Rafique, May 6, 2008

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Nationalization of universities

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Partial Transcript: --is Saturday, August fifth.

Segment Synopsis: Professor Rafique discusses the nationalization of universities in Pakistan.

Keywords: Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali; Colleges; Islamia College; Nationalization; Pakistan; Pakistan People’s Party; Professors; Punjab University; Socialism; Universities; University of the Punjab

Subjects: Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, 1928-1979.; India--History.; Islamia College; Pakistan; Pakistan People's Party.; Pakistan--History; Professors; Socialism; University of the Punjab

GPS: Pakistan
Map Coordinates: 30.3753, 69.3451
00:06:22 - Background

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Partial Transcript: Well, I'd like to ask you, then a few--

Segment Synopsis: Rafique discusses his background and early life.

Keywords: Albert, Prince Consort; Anarkali; Anarkali Market; Bangladesh; Center for South Asian Studies; Deans; Doctorates; East Pakistan; Economics; Education; Family businesses; Fathers; India; International Monetary Fund (IMF); Lahore (Pakistan); Lohari Gate; Master’s degree; Mothers; Museums; Oxford University; Pakistan Movement Workers Trust; Pakistan Studies Center; Pakistanis; Political science; Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Punjab Stalls; Punjab University; Rafique, Muhammad; Scholarships; Sharif, Shabbir; State Bank of Pakistan; University of Edinburgh; University of Punjab; Vice-chancellors; Walled City of Lahore; West Pakistan

Subjects: Albert, Prince Consort, consort of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1861.; Bangladesh; Economics; Education; Family; Fathers; India; India--History.; International Monetary Fund.; Lahore (Pakistan); Mothers; Museums; Oxford University; Pakistan--History; Pakistanis; Political science; Rafique, Muhammad, 1940-; Sharīf, Shabbīr, 1943-1971; State Bank of Pakistan; University of Edinburgh; University of Punjab

GPS: Lahore (Pakistan)
Map Coordinates: 31.549722, 74.343611
00:28:01 - Early memories of the Pakistan movement

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Partial Transcript: Tell me about, um, what are your early memories of the Pakistan movement? How did you become involved?

Segment Synopsis: Professor Rafique talks about his early memories of the Pakistan movement.

Keywords: All-India Muslim League; Badshahi Masjid; Delhi (India); East Punjab (India); East Punjab (Pakistan); Haksars; Hindus; Islam; Khaliquzzaman, Chaudhry; Lahore (Pakistan); Lahore resolution; Malik, Abdul; Mosques; Movement; Muslim Student Foundation; Muslim Students Federation; Muslims; Newspapers; Newspapers, Urdu; Pakistan; Pakistan movement; Parks; Professors; Professors, Hindu; Punjab University; Riots; Riots, 1947; Schools; Sikh-Muslim Riots; Singh, Baldev; Stonings; Students; Students, Hindus; Students, Muslims; Urdu language

Subjects: All-India Muslim League; Bādshāhī Mosque (Lahore, Pakistan); Delhi (India); Hindus; Islam; Khaliquzzaman, M.; Lahore (Pakistan); Malik, Abdul; Mosques; Muslims; Newspapers; Pakistan; Parks; Professors; Riots; Schools; Singh, Baldev; Students; University of Punjab; Urdu language

GPS: Lahore (Pakistan)
Map Coordinates: 31.549722, 74.343611
00:57:56 - Refugees caused by independence of Pakistan

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Partial Transcript: Sorry.

Segment Synopsis: Professor Rafique discusses the refugees caused by the creation of the state of Pakistan.

Keywords: All India Radio Lahore; All India Radio.; British; Curfews; Great Britain; Gurdaspur district; Hamdani, Mustafa Ali; Hindus; Kashmir (India); Lahore (Pakistan); Migration; Mochi Gate; Muslims; Pakistan, independence; Radio Pakistan; Refugees; Shah-Alami Gate

Subjects: All India Radio.; British; Curfews; Great Britain; Hindus; India--History.; Lahore (Pakistan); Migration & integration; Muslims; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Radio Pakistan.; Refugees

GPS: Lahore (Pakistan)
Map Coordinates: 31.549722, 74.343611
01:02:01 - The development of the idea of Pakistan

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Partial Transcript: Well I have two, uh, more brief questions for you, and then I'll, I'll let you go.

Segment Synopsis: Professor Rafique discusses when, in his view, the history of Pakistan began.

Keywords: Allahabad Address; British; Castes; Censuses; Democracy; Elections; English language; Great Britain; Hindus; Hume, Allan; India; Indian National Congress; Iqbal, Muhammad; Kings, Moguls; Mogul Empire; Moguls; Muslims; Pakistan; Punjab Land Alienation Act of 1900; Taxes

Subjects: British; Castes and tribes of India; Census.; Democracy; Elections.; English language; Great Britain; Hindus; Hume, Allan Octavian, 1829-1912; India; India--History.; Indian National Congress; Iqbal, Muhammad; Mogul Empire.; Muslims; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Taxes

GPS: Pakistan
Map Coordinates: 30.3753, 69.3451
01:12:59 - Creation of Pakistan and fulfillment of Pakistan’s potential

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Partial Transcript: So then, who is responsible for the creation of Pakistan?

Segment Synopsis: Professor Rafique talks about who was responsible for the creation of Pakistan, the monument he would like for Pakistan, and the fulfillment of Pakistan's potential.

Keywords: All-India Muslim League; Bangladesh; China; Democracy; Education; Great Britain; Hindus; India; Indo-Pakistan War of 1965; Iqbal, Muhammad; Islam; Kai-shek, Chiang; Kashmir (Pakistan); Khaliquzzaman, Chaudhry; Mao, Zedong; Muslims; Natural resources; Pakistan; Pakistan, history; Sikhs

Subjects: All-India Muslim League; Bangladesh; Chiang, Kai-shek, 1887-1975.; China; Education; Great Britain; Hindus; India; India--History.; Iqbal, Muhammad; Islam; Khaliquzzaman, M.; Mao, Zedong, 1893-1976.; Muslims; Pakistan; Pakistan, history; Pakistan--History; Sikhs; Wars

GPS: Pakistan
Map Coordinates: 30.3753, 69.3451