Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Mohiuddin Khan, March 28, 2010

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Biographical information / trains

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Partial Transcript: --bas, I'm here with Mr. Mu-muhnodin--Mohiuddin--Mohiuddin Khan.

Segment Synopsis: Khan discusses his biographical information, such as his birth date and the place he was born. He also talks about his education at Cotton College, Sylhet Government College, and Aligarh Muslim University. Khan then talks about the train journey he undertook when traveling from Sylhet (Bangladesh) to Aligarh (India).

Keywords: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Assam University; Bachelors of science; Bengal College of Engineering and Technology; Bengali language; British India; British rule; Calcutta (India); Cotton College; Dhaka (Bangladesh); East Bengal (India); Education; Fathers; Guwahati (India); Hindus; Hura (India); Indian Army; Jalalabad (Bangladesh); Khan, Silliman; Kolkata (India); Languages; Literacy; Mothers; Muslims; Police inspectors; Railroads; Railways; Residents halls; Scholarships; Science; South Africa; Sylhet (Bangladesh); Sylhet Government College; Trains; University of Calcutta; World War II; Ziauddin, Ahmed

Subjects: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Assam University; Bangladesh; Bangladesh--History.British--India--History; Bengali language.; Cotton College; Dhaka (Bangladesh); Education; Fathers; Hindus; India--History.; Kolkata (India); Literacy.; Mothers; Muslims; Pakistan--History; Railroads; Scholarships; Science; South Africa; Sylhet, Bangladesh; University of Calcutta.; World War, 1939-1945

GPS: Aligarh (India)
Map Coordinates: 27.9135, 78.0782
00:13:19 - Religious education

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Partial Transcript: And did you have any kind of, um, religious training, or religious education as a child?

Segment Synopsis: Khan discusses the religious education in Islam that he received at home.

Keywords: Education; Homes; Islam; Koran, the (Book); Mullahs; Muslims; Prayer; Qur'an , the (Book); Religions; Religious education; Schools

Subjects: Bangladesh--History.; Education; Houses and homes; India--History.; Islam; Muslims; Pakistan--History; Prayer.; Qurʼan.; Religion; Religious education.; Schools

00:16:29 - Reaction of Aligarh Muslim University students to the partition of Pakistan

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Partial Transcript: Tea, I was about to have a cup of tea.

Segment Synopsis: Khan discusses the effect that partition had both on the Aligarh Muslim University and himself. He talks about his involvement in the Students’ Federation of India, as well as the leaders of Pakistan who visited the university. Khan talks about the decline in enrollment at Aligarh Muslim University after partition, as well as the tensions felt by the students. He also talks about celebrating the partition of Pakistan.

Keywords: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Atmospheres; Communalism; Delhi (India); Election of 1947; Elections; Fundamentalism; Habib, Muhammad; Idealism; India; Islam; Jinnah, Fatima; Khan, Liaquat Ali; Khan, Zafarullah; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP); Lucknow (India); Muslim identity; Muslim leagues; Muslims; North-West Frontier Province (India); Pakistan; Partition; Progressive movement; Punjab (India); Students; Students’ Federation of India; Unions; University of Delhi; Urdu language; Vice-chancellors

Subjects: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Bangladesh--History.; Communalism; Delhi (India); Elections; Fundamentalism; Ḥabīb, Muḥammad; Idealism; India; India--History.; Islam; Jinnah, Fatima, 1894-1967; Khan, Liaquat Ali, 1895-1951.; Khan, Zafarullah, 1965-; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan); K̲h̲ān, Z̤afarullāh; Lucknow (India); Muslims; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Partition; Punjab (India); Students; Students' Federation of India; University of Delhi; Urdu language

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:30:06 - Adjusting to university life

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Partial Transcript: Um, did you feel that there was any difference between you and the students from U.P. or Punjab?

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about the fact that he never learned to speak Urdu. He also talks about the difficulties he faced attending Aligarh Muslim University, such as adjustment to the food.

Keywords: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Curries; Fish; Food; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (India); Kolkata (India); Naan; North-West Frontier Province (India); Punjab (India); Rice; Upper Pradesh (India); Urdu language

Subjects: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Bangladesh--History.; Fish; Food; India--History.; Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan); Kolkata (India); Naan; Pakistan--History; Punjab (India); Rice; Upper Pradesh (India); Urdu language

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:33:56 - Life after Aligarh Muslim University

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Partial Transcript: Um, what--you know, so in forty seven, the population of students went much down.

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about Aligarh Muslim University’s recovery after partition. He then talks about his life after graduating with a degree in engineering.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Bangladesh; Dhaka (Bangladesh); East Pakistan; East Pakistan communications and building department; Engineering; India; Migration; Pakistan; Public servants; Public works; Recovery; Retirement

Subjects: Aligarh Muslim University; Assam (India); Bangladesh; Bangladesh--History.; Dhaka (Bangladesh); Engineering; India; India--History.; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Public works; Retirement

GPS: Dhaka (Bangladesh)
Map Coordinates: 23.7, 90.366667
00:39:26 - Language movement / Bangladesh Liberation War

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Partial Transcript: What was your um, experience during the fifties and sixties when the language movement was going on and there was rising tension against Pakistani government. How did you feel about that?

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about his memories of the language movement, in which Bengali speakers were attempting to make Bengali an official language along with Urdu. He then discusses his memories of the Bangladesh Liberation War, such as hiding freedom fighters in his office and flying a black flag to protest the government. Khan also talks about discrimination under the Pakistani government as a Bangladeshi.

Keywords: Bangladesh; Bangladesh Liberation War; Bangladesh War of Independence; Bengali language; Black flags; Chittagong (Bangladesh); Development; Dhaka (Bangladesh); Discrimination; East Bengal (India); East Pakistan; English language; Freedom fighters; Governments; Independence; Language movement; Liberation War; Memories; Oppression; Pakistan; Pakistan Army; Public servants; Urdu language; West Pakistan

Subjects: Bangladesh; Bangladesh--History.; Bengali language; Chittagong (Bangladesh); Dhaka (Bangladesh); Discrimination; English language; Independence; Independence war; India--History.; Memories; Oppression; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Pakistan. Army.; Urdu language

GPS: Dhaka (Bangladesh)
Map Coordinates: 23.7, 90.366667
00:56:02 - After Bangladesh’s independence

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Partial Transcript: Did you, um--one of the things I've learned about the Aligarh Old Boys' Association is that, um, the--you had a big membership prior to nineteen sixty four, sixty five, um, and then many of them left.

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about the specific people he knew that left Aligarh Muslim University after the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. He then talks about his personal disappointment in supporting Pakistan, which discriminated against Bangladeshis.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Bangladesh; Ethnic conflict; Old Boys' Association; Pakistan

Subjects: Aligarh Muslim University; Bangladesh; Bangladesh--History.; Ethnic conflict.; India--History.; Pakistan; Pakistan--History

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
01:00:01 - Aligarh Muslim University

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Partial Transcript: What do you think, um, in relation to your experience at Aligarh, what was the most important aspect of your experience there that has affected you most in your life?

Segment Synopsis: Khan discusses how attending Aligarh Muslim University taught him self-reliance and self-confidence. He then talks about his younger brothers, who also attended the university. Khan also talks about the election of 1946. He then talks about his first impressions of Aligarh Muslim University, as well as notable alumni.

Keywords: Agra (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Bangladesh; Brothers; Cafes; Community; East Pakistan; Election of 1946; Elections; Food; Independence; Islam, Baharul; Jaipur (India); Khan, Ayub; Lucknow University; Mumbai (India); Rahman, Hakim Syed Zillur; Self-confidence; Self-reliance; United Provinces (India); Universities; Upper Pradesh (India)

Subjects: Agra (India); Aligarh Muslim University; Bangladesh; Brothers; Cafés; Community; Elections; Food; Independence; Islam, Baharul (Justice); Jaipur (India); Khan, Ayub, 1969-; Khan, Ayub, 1970-; Lucknow University; Mumbai (India); Rahman, Halima Mohammed Sbdel; Self-confidence.; Self-reliance.; Upper Pradesh (India)

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
01:09:12 - Progressive movement

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Partial Transcript: Okay, well, I think maybe one last question and then I'll let you be free.

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about sticking with the ideals of the progressive movement. He also talks about why he feels here is little conflict between his progressive ideals and his identity as a Muslim.

Keywords: Bangladeshis; Communist Party; Ideals; Islam; Muslims; Old Boys’ Association; Presidents; Progressive movement

Subjects: Bangladesh; Bangladesh--History.; Bangladeshis; Communist Party of Bangladesh.; India--History.; Islam; Muslims; Pakistan; Pakistan--History; Presidents

01:12:52 - Old Boys’ Association

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Partial Transcript: Since when you have you been president of the Old Boys' Association?

Segment Synopsis: Khan talks about the Old Boys’ Association, of which he is president. He also talks about their charitable involvement and desire to build a new university.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Charity; Old Boys’ Association; Poverty; Qur'an; Religious schools; Universities

Subjects: Aligarh Muslim University; Charity; Poverty; Qur'an; Schools

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793