Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Riazur Rahman Sherwani, July 6, 2008

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:00 - Aligarh Muslim University / partition

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Partial Transcript: This is Amber Abbas...

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani discusses his time at Aligarh Muslim University. The familial connections that Sherwani had with the university are also mentioned. The character and political involvement of students and professors respectively during the 1930s and 1940s are assessed. The interviewee then gives his opinions on the partition. Demographical differences following the partition are also considered. Lastly, the fate of the All-India Muslim League supporters is illustrated.

Keywords: Aligarh (India); Aligarh Muslim University; All-India Muslim League; Divided; Family; High school; Immigration; India; Muhammad Ali Jinnah; Pakistan; Politics; Provinces; Supporters; United

Subjects: Education; Ideology; Leaders; Minorities; Muslims; Partition; Professor; Students

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:09:33 - Changes to the university

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Partial Transcript: In the university, what kinds of changes were made in that time?

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani talks of changes made to Aligarh Muslim University during and after the partition. The majority of the changes in that period are found to be related to the administration and student body respectively. Tensions between Muslim and non-Muslim students in various eras (1960s and 1980s) are also explored.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Amendment; Council; Enrollment; Ordinance; Vice chancellors

Subjects: Administration; Muslims; Partition; Teachers; Violence

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:15:04 - Guest speakers / Aligarh movement

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Partial Transcript: Do you remember, when the nationalist leaders--do you remember the nationalist leaders visiting the university?

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani recalls the various guest speakers who visited Aligarh Muslim University prior to the partition. Notables include Jinnah and Gandhi. Subsequently, the interviewee contemplates and lists the values of the 'Aligarh Movement,' the primary goal being the elevation of Muslim culture whilst remaining adherent to the religious practices of Islam.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Governors; India; Mahatma Gandhi; Modernization; Muhammad Ali Jinnah; Objectives; Pakistan; Uttar Pradesh (India)

Subjects: Culture; Education; Identity; Leaders; Partition; Religion; Speeches

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:24:59 - Aligarh movement today

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Partial Transcript: When politics became dominant here, it lost many things.

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani compares the Aligarh movement of the past to the one of the present, which relies heavily upon political elements. In relation to this, Sherwani offers an alternative philosophy developed during the time of British-rule in India.

Keywords: Aligarh Muslim University; Books; Britain; English; India; Politics; Prophets; Sons; Traditionalism

Subjects: Comparisons; Muslims; Philosophy; Religion

GPS: Aligarh Muslim University
Map Coordinates: 27.915009, 78.078793
00:29:29 - Education and family

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Partial Transcript: In our family, the practice was, that in the beginning, we were given religious education.

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani chronicles his educational path, both in a secular and religious sense. Sherwani then discusses his family, including his mother, father, grandfather, and uncle. Details about each family member are provided.

Keywords: All-India Muslim League; Arabic language; Family; Government; Grammar; Grandfathers; Jammu and Kashmir (India); Legislature; Persian language; PhD; Politics; Tutors; Uncles; Urdu language

Subjects: Education; English; Father; Islamic studies; Mother; Religion; Rural; Safety; Theology

00:40:44 - Pakistan / politics

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Partial Transcript: Did any of your family members migrate to Pakistan?

Segment Synopsis: Sherwani details which of his relatives immigrated to Pakistan after the partition. Following this, Sherwani and the interviewer talk of the upcoming presidential election in the United States, focusing upon the nominees in the Democratic party, as well as President Bush. The role of women in politics in India and Pakistan respectively are examined. Finally, the interviewer explains her personal connection to Aligarh.

Keywords: Aligarh (India); Barack Obama; Conflict; George Bush; Hilary Clinton; Immigration; Karachi (Pakistan); Pakistan; Politics; Relatives; United States

Subjects: Elections; Iraq War, 2003-2011; Life; Partition; Presidents; Women

GPS: Karachi (Pakistan)
Map Coordinates: 24.86, 67.01