Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Oral History Association 1992 Annual Meeting: Communities, Diversity, and Oral History

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries

 

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00:00:00 - Introduction to the 1992 Oral History Association Annual Meeting National Videoconference: Communities, Diversity, and Oral History

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Segment Synopsis: Terry Birdwhistell, President of the Oral History Association, introduces the first OHA video conference, on the subject of "Communities, Diversity, and Oral History."

Keywords: "Communities, Diversity, and Oral History"; Cleveland (Ohio); Cleveland, Ohio; Terry Birdwhistell

00:04:41 - Perspectives on diversity (George Wright)

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Segment Synopsis: George Wright and Terry Birdwhistell discuss why talking about issues of diversity is important, and talks about varying perspectives on diversity. They talk about how oral history can be an outlet for a community whose voice is not often heard.

Keywords: Accomplishments; America; Black community; Black history; Changes; Communities; Diversity; Divisiveness; Dr. George C. Wright; Kentucky; Lexington (Ky.); Lexington, Kentucky; Louisville (Ky.); Louisville, Kentucky; Migration; Minorities; Minority groups; Oral history; Past; Police brutality; Positive influence; Society; Struggle; Terry Birdwhistell; Universities; Violence

00:16:37 - Excerpt from the documentary "What is Fair"

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Segment Synopsis: This segment contains a brief excerpt from "What is Fair," a documentary on the history of the Urban League of Cleveland, Ohio.

Keywords: Cleveland (Ohio); Cleveland Urban League; Michael Bacon; Migration north; Negro Welfare Association; Urban League of Cleveland, Ohio; World War I

00:21:15 - Minority representation in community history through oral history (Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins)

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Segment Synopsis: Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, discuss ways oral history can increase the number of minority perspectives within the historical record, since these voices are not often captured within other standard archival documentation and manuscript collections. They each discuss how their own institutions are working with various minority groups on oral history projects.

Keywords: American Indians; Archives; Asian Americans; Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Hunter College; Cleveland (Ohio); Cleveland, Ohio; Community builders; Cultural diversity; Cuyahoga Community College; Documentaries; Documenting; Ed Miggins; Immigrants; Information sources; Internment camps; Japanese Americans; Manuscript collections; Marantz Corporation; Native Americans; New York; Personal connections; Rina Benmayor; Rose Diaz; Students; Terry Birdwhistell; Tourism industry; University of New Mexico; Working class

00:33:10 - Obtaining funding for oral history programs (Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins)

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Segment Synopsis: Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, discuss how institutions can obtain funding for oral history programs through collaboration with other groups, as well as an example of using grants for community service to both assist and document a community in need.

Keywords: Affiliations; Collaboration; Community service; Ed Miggins; Finance; Funding; Literacy programs; Oral history programs; Puerto Rican community; Quality; Research intervention; Rina Benmayor; Rose Diaz; Terry Birdwhistell; University of New Mexico

00:41:00 - Excerpt from the documentary "Journey to a Dream: From Ellis Island to Cleveland"

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Segment Synopsis: This segment contains a brief excerpt from "Journey to a Dream: From Ellis Island to Cleveland," a documentary on immigrants living in Cleveland, Ohio who came to America through Ellis Island.

Keywords: America; Ed Miggins; Families; Freedom; Immigrants; Immigration; Laborers

00:47:45 - Questions to the panel on assimilation and commonalities between communities (Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins)

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Segment Synopsis: Rina Benmayor, Rose Diaz, and Ed Miggins, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, answer questions from the audience about how the OHA is assisting in the documentation of the leaders of the Stonewall Riot; how communities are affected by outside influences and how this affects oral histories; how one can find commonalities even between diverse communities; and the importance of respecting the privacy of interviewees.

Keywords: AIDS; American Indians; Appalachia; Assimilation; Cleveland (Ohio); Cleveland, Ohio; Commonalities; Community history; Differences; Diversity; Ed Miggins; Empowerment; Founders; Frontier Nursing Service; Gay and Lesbian Movement; Grassroots; Integration; LGBTQ archives; Leaders; Native Americans; Off-the-record; Oral History Association; Oral history projects; Outsiders; Respect; Rina Benmayor; Rose Diaz; Segregation; Sexuality; Stonewall Riots; Terry Birdwhistell; Trust; Western Kentucky

01:02:05 - Ten minute break

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Segment Synopsis: The program takes a ten minute break to switch panelists.

01:12:12 - Communities in crisis panel (George Wright and Richard Candida Smith)

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Segment Synopsis: Dr. George C. Wright and Richard Candida Smith, as a panel moderated by Tom Charlton, discuss Smith's work to increase the diversity of perspectives within the collections at UCLA through oral history.

Keywords: "Using Oral History in Community History Projects"; African Americans; Collection development; Community leadership; Dr. George C. Wright; Minorities; Oral History Association; Oral history programs; Pamphlets; Publications; Richard Candida Smith; Southern California; Tom Charlton; University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

01:18:36 - Use of oral history in research on African American architects (George Wright, Richard Candida Smith, and Wes Henderson)

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Segment Synopsis: Dr. George C. Wright and Richard Candida Smith, as a panel moderated by Tom Charlton, talk to Wes Henderson about his research and dissertation on early African American architects in Los Angeles. He talks about how his subjects were chosen, and how this research differs from other projects studying minority communities.

Keywords: African American architects; Architecture; Buildings; Criteria; Destruction; Dr. George C. Wright; Los Angeles (Calif.); Los Angeles, California; Networks; Oral historians; Preservation; Qualifications; Richard Candida Smith; Tom Charlton; Training; Wes Henderson

01:30:43 - Questions to the panel on students' experiences with multiculturalism and the usefulness of oral history as research (George Wright, Richard Candida Smith, and Wes Henderson)

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Segment Synopsis: Dr. George C. Wright, Richard Candida Smith, and Wes Henderson, as a panel moderated by Tom Charlton, answer questions from the audience about students' sometimes limited experiences with people of different backgrounds. They talk more about Smith's work to increase the diversity of perspectives within the collections at UCLA through oral history. Wright talks about how oral history about the past can be applied to current issues.

Keywords: African American community; Attitudes; Beliefs; Collection development; Commonalities; Controversial issues; Differences; Dr. George C. Wright; Experiences; Leaders; Legal systems; Multiculturalism; Past; Patterns; Present; Public policy; Race relations; Research; Richard Candida Smith; School integration; Social issues; Tom Charlton; University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA); Wes Henderson

01:39:11 - Excerpt from the documentary "Long Road Back: Vietnam Remembered"

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Segment Synopsis: This segment contains a brief excerpt from "Long Road Back: Vietnam Remembered," a documentary on the experiences of Vietnam Veterans from Kentucky.

Keywords: "Back to the World"; Vietnam Veterans; Vietnam War

01:45:48 - Definitions of community (Kathleen Blee, George Wright, and Sherna Gluck)

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Segment Synopsis: Kathleen Blee, Dr. George C. Wright, and Sherna Gluck, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, discuss the effects of defining community in different ways. They also discuss the ways an interviewer being an insider or an outsider can affect the outcome of an oral history.

Keywords: "Dealing with Diversity in Our Communities"; Cambodia; Communities; Competition; Divisions; Dr. George C. Wright; Historical sociologists; Kathleen Blee; Ku Klux Klan; Outsiders; Political communities; Sherna Gluck; Sources; Unified

01:54:19 - Questions to the panel on the relationship between interviewers and interviewees, accuracy in oral history, and Native Americans as participants in oral history (Kathleen Blee, George Wright, and Sherna Gluck) [Tape switch]

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Segment Synopsis: Kathleen Blee, Dr. George C. Wright, and Sherna Gluck, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, answer questions from the audience about how researchers can verify the accuracy of stories told within an oral history. They answer a question regarding the participation of Native Americans in oral history projects, with special consideration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus coming to America. Blee talks about the importance of oral history in writing her book on female members of the Klan. They talk more about the ways an interviewer being an insider or an outsider can affect the outcome of an oral history.

[A repetition of material occurs between 2:04:00-2:07:50 due to changing tapes.]

Keywords: Accuracy; American Indians; Books; Dr. George C. Wright; Goals of projects; Hearsay; Insiders; Interviewees; Kathleen Blee; Lynchings; Native Americans; Outsiders; Relationships; Role of interviewers; Role of oral history; Rose Diaz; Sherna Gluck; Terry Birdwhistell; University of New Mexico; Voice; Women; Women's Klan; Written sources

02:10:37 - Excerpt from the documentary "Trouble Behind"

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Segment Synopsis: This segment contains a brief excerpt from "Trouble Behind," a documentary on racial violence and race relations in Corbin, Kentucky.

Keywords: African Americans; Corbin (Ky.); Corbin, Kentucky; Dr. George C. Wright; Race riots; Racial violence; Robbie Henson

02:19:05 - Ethical issues surrounding oral histories on race relations (Kathleen Blee, George Wright, and Sherna Gluck)

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Segment Synopsis: Kathleen Blee, Dr. George C. Wright, and Sherna Gluck, as a panel moderated by Terry Birdwhistell, talk about protecting interviewees who may espouse controversial or unpopular opinions during an oral history. They discuss other methods of funding for oral history projects not affiliated with universities. They discuss how oral histories can be used to encourage an interviewee's self-reflection on their beliefs, specifically in regard to racism. The program is concluded.

Keywords: Analysis; Attitudes; Beliefs; Changes; Changing minds; Communities; Corbin (Ky.); Corbin, Kentucky; Dr. George C. Wright; Ethical issues; Finance; Funding; Government; Grassroots; Interpretation; Kathleen Blee; Neutrality; Oral history programs; Racism; Self-reflection; Sherna Gluck; Terry Birdwhistell; Therapeutic; Universities; Videotape