Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Bobby Osborne, December 14, 2004

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries

 

Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:01 - Family home

Play segment

Partial Transcript: It's December the 19th, 2004.

Segment Synopsis: Bobby Osborne is introduced. He talks about his birth and early years in Kentucky, describing his family's homeplace there. He talks about the community he grew up in and mentions returning there often for the Osborne Brothers Hometown Festival.

Keywords: Birth; Cellars; Community; Electricity; Fathers; Grandmothers; Houses; Mothers; Mountains; Nixon Center; Osborne Brothers Homecoming; Osborne Brothers Hometown Festival; Plumbing; Rivers; Short Creek (Ky.); Thousandsticks (Ky.); Wells

Subjects: Families.; Harlan (Ky.); Hyden (Ky.); Rural children; Rural conditions

GPS: Hyden (Ky.)
Map Coordinates: 37.163333, -83.375
00:04:13 - Early interest in music and the influence of Ernest Tubb

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Talk about music in the home.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about his family's musical ability and interest in music. He talks about listening to the Grand Ole Opry on the radio as a child. He talks at length about one of his idols, Ernest Tubb, and learning to play guitar and sing by imitating Tubb. He talks about his experience meeting Tubb later in life.

Keywords: 1940; Afraid; Albums; Banjos; Changes; Chords; Clawhammer banjo style; Dayton (Ohio); Entertainment; Ernest Tubb (Artist); Fathers; Grand Ole Opry; Guitars; Idols; Imitation; Jimmie Rodgers (Artist); Jobs; Learning to play; Live shows; Meeting; Memorial Hall (Venue); Mothers; Musical styles; News; Pitch; Playing music; Radio shows; Records; Rodgers, Jimmie (Artist); Saturday nights; Singing; Soldier's Last Letter (Song); Songbooks; Teachers; Tubb, Ernest (Artist); Uncles; Vocal range; Voice; WSM (Radio station); Yodeling

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Instruction and study.; Musical ability.; Musical families; Musical groups.; Radio programs.; Radio stations.; Records.; Sound recordings.

GPS: Dayton (Ohio)
Map Coordinates: 39.759444, -84.191667
00:15:40 - Influence of Bill Monroe and Earl Scruggs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now, the music of Bill Monroe also was a big influence you--on you in those days.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses two more of his musical idols, Bill Monroe and Earl Scruggs. He talks about his reaction to seeing them play a live show when he was young.

Keywords: Banjos; Bill Monroe (Artist); Bill Monroe and his Blue Grass Boys (Artist); Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys (Artist); Bill Monroe's Blue Grass Boys (Artist); Clothing; Concerts; Crowds; Cumberland Gap (Song); Dress; Earl Scruggs (Artist); Emceeing; Emcees; Flatt, Lester (Artist); Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Influence; Lester Flatt (Artist); Memorial Hall (Venue); Monroe, Bill (Artist); Orange Blossom Special (Song); Outfits; Pitch; Reactions; Scruggs, Earl (Artist); Shows; Songs; Voice

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance

00:21:29 - Beginning to play in bands

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now you're still playing guitar at this point in time.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks more about learning to play guitar. He talks about his first professional job with the Lonesome Pine Fiddlers in 1948. He describes some of their concerts as well as their radio shows. He talks about working with Larry Richardson and mentions how much they were paid.

Keywords: 1948; Audio recording; Banjos; Bluefield (W. Va.); Booking; Buck Duncan (Artist); Cline, Ezra (Artist); Concerts; Crowds; Dayton (Ohio); Duncan, Buck (Artist); Eddie King (Artist); Eleanor Parker (Artist); Electricity; Ezra Cline (Artist); Fears; Finger picks; First professional job; Flatt, Lester (Artist); Gigs; Guest spots; Guitars; High schools; King, Eddie (Artist); Larry Richardson (Artist); Learning; Lester Flatt (Artist); Live shows; Lonesome Pine Fiddlers (Artist); Managers; Merle Travis (Artist); Molly and Tenbrooks (Song); Money; Morgan, Ray (Artist); Music recording; Parker, Eleanor (Artist); Parker, Rex (Artist); Payment; Picks; Radio shows; Ray Morgan (Artist); Recording sessions; Recording studios; Rex Parker (Artist); Rex and Eleanor Parker (Artist); Richardson, Larry (Artist); Roads; Ruby (Song); Salary; Schools; Shows; Sisters; Thumb picks; Touring; Travis, Merle (Artist); Uncles; WHIS (Radio station); WPFB (Radio station); Wages; Welch (W. Va.); West Virginia

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.; Radio stations.; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing; Travel.

GPS: Dayton (Ohio)
Map Coordinates: 39.759444, -84.191667
00:33:10 - Writing "Pain in My Heart" and its cover by Flatt and Scruggs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well I wanted to ask you, when--in those days with the Lonesome Pine Fiddlers that's where you made your first commercial recordings.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about writing his first song, "Pain in My Heart." He talks about feeling honored when two of his idols, Flatt and Scruggs, covered his song.

Keywords: 1950; Audio recording; Banjo contests; Banjo players; Bluefield (W. Va.); Cline, Ezra (Artist); Commercial recordings; Commercialized; Concerts; Coral Records; Cozy Records; Credit; Crowds; Earl Scruggs (Artist); Ezra Cline (Artist); Flatt and Scruggs (Artist); Flatt, Lester (Artist); Gigs; Honored; Idols; Larry Richardson (Artist); Lester Flatt (Artist); Lonesome Pine Fiddlers (Artist); Mercury Records; Music recording; Pain in My Heart (Song); Recording sessions; Recording studios; Richardson, Larry (Artist); Scruggs, Earl (Artist); Shows; Songwriting; WHIS (Radio station)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music icons; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.; Radio stations.; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Bluefield (W. Va.)
Map Coordinates: 37.262222, -81.218611
00:40:44 - Recording with Jimmy Martin

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now in your days with the Lonesome Pine Fiddlers, uh, that's where, uh, Jimmy Martin enters the picture in your story.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about how he began working with Jimmy Martin and the records they made together. He talks about why he began playing the mandolin instead of the guitar and mentions a mandolin he took with him when he served in the Korean War.

Keywords: Albums; Audio recording; Bristol (Tenn.); Bristol (Va.); Car accidents; Charlie Cline (Artist); Cline, Charlie (Artist); Cline, Curly Ray (Artist); Curly Ray Cline (Artist); Darrell "Pee Wee" Lambert (Artist); Fiddle players; Fiddlers; Fiddles; Grand Ole Opry; Guitar players; Guitars; Gunther, Ralph (Artist); Harmonies; Harmony; Jimmy Martin (Artist); King Records; Knoxville (Tenn.); Korea; Lambert, Darrell "Pee Wee" (Artist); Larry Richardson (Artist); Lonesome Pine Fiddlers (Artist); Mandolin players; Mandolins; Marine Corps; Marines; Martin, Jimmy (Artist); Money; Music recording; Musical styles; Nathan, Sid (Artist); Payment; Personality; Playing styles; Ralph Gunther (Artist); Recording sessions; Recording studios; Richardson, Larry (Artist); Salary; Sid Nathan (Artist); Singing; Songs; Songwriting; Stanley Brothers and the Clinch Mountain Boys, the (Artist); The Stanley Brothers and the Clinch Mountain Boys (Artist); Voice; WCYB (Radio station); Wages

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Korean War, 1950-1953; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical instruments.; Musical performance; Radio programs.; Radio stations.; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Knoxville (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.972778, -83.942222
00:49:41 - Military service

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You talked about, uh, going into the, uh, Marine Corps at that point in time.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about his military service during the Korean War, playing music while serving, and how the experience changed his life.

Keywords: Combat; Discipline; Front lines; Guitars; Influence; Learning; Life-changing; Navy; On the road; Playing music; Survival; Touring

Subjects: Korean War, 1950-1953; Military service, Voluntary.; United States. Marine Corps--Military life

00:53:28 - The Osborne Brothers in Knoxville and Dayton

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you come back stateside and, uh, that's the latter part of '53 if my memory serves me. Is that right?

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about forming a band with his brother Sonny, The Osborne Brothers. He talks about Sonny working with Jimmy Martin and Bill Monroe, and the other connections that Sonny made while Bobby was serving in the Marine Corps. He talks about working for Cas Walker in Knoxville, the types of songs they were performing at that time, how Hank Thompson influenced his musical style, and working day jobs while playing music. He talks about recording the song "Ruby" and getting a record contract.

Keywords: Allen, Red (Artist); Audio recording; Bill Monroe (Artist); Billy Thomas (Artist); Brothers; Cas Walker; Contracts; Crase, Noah (Artist); Day jobs; Dayton (Ohio); Deejays; Dinner Bell (Radio program); Disc jockeys; Doctors; Dreams; Enis Johnson (Artist); Ernest Tubb (Artist); Flatt and Scruggs (Artist); Gateway Records; Hank Thompson (Artist); Idols; Imitation; Influence; Jimmy Martin (Artist); Johnson, Enis (Artist); Knoxville (Tenn.); MGM Records; Martin, Jimmy (Artist); Material; Money; Monroe, Bill (Artist); Music recording; Musical styles; National Cash Register (NCR); Noah Crase (Artist); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Parents; Payment; Record labels; Recording sessions; Red Allen (Artist); Ruby (Song); Salary; Song covers; Songs; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Strikes; Sutton, Tommy; Thomas, Billy (Artist); Thompson, Hank (Artist); Tommy Sutton; Tubb, Ernest (Artist); Two banjos; WROL (Radio station); Wages; Walker, Cas; Words

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Knoxville (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.972778, -83.942222
01:04:33 - The Osborne Brothers in Detroit

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now backtracking though, uh, uh, your story if you will, uh, you had been in Knoxville--

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about how the Osborne Brothers came to work in Detroit. He talks about their work for radio station WJR and WEXL. He talks about touring in Michigan as well as Canada. He talks about recording albums around this time, their musical style, and their reception in the north.

Keywords: "Cowboys"; Audio recording; Barn dances; Big Barn Frolic (Radio program); Casey Clark (Artist); Clark, Casey (Artist); Concerts; Crowds; Daily shows; Detroit (Mich.); Different; Dress; Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Guitars; Honkytonks; Jimmy Martin (Artist); Mandolin players; Mandolins; Martin, Jimmy (Artist); Martin, Troy (Artist); Michigan; Middletown (Ohio); Migration; Money; Music recording; Musical styles; Outfits; Payment; RCA Victor; Radio shows; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Salary; Shows; Sound; Southerners; Style; Television; Troy Martin (Artist); Venues; WEXL (Radio station); WJR (Radio station); Wages; Windsor (Canada)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing; Travel.

GPS: Detroit (Mich.)
Map Coordinates: 42.331389, -83.045833
01:14:11 - The Osborne Brothers recording in Tennessee and buying a mandolin--Part I

Play segment

Partial Transcript: When you came to Nashville, I know it was in November.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne begins to speak about the musicians they were working with when they began recording in Nashville in 1954 and about their unique musical style before the interview is interrupted by a mouse.

Keywords: 1954; Audio recording; Bobby Osborne style mandolin; Cedric Rainwater (Artist); Electric guitars; Fiddle players; Fiddlers; Garland, Hank (Artist); Guitars; Hank Garland (Artist); Music recording; Nashville (Tenn.); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Playing styles; RCA Victor; Rainwater, Cedric (stage name of Howard Watts) (Artist); Recording sessions; Recording studios; Red Taylor (Artist); Save It, Save It (Song); Sonny Osborne (Artist); Sound; Style; Taylor, Red (Artist)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Nashville (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 36.166667, -86.783333
01:15:44 - Interview break **[Content Warning]**

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And, uh--(laughs)--

Segment Synopsis: WARNING: This segment may contain material sensitive to some viewers. A mouse is harmed off camera (audio only) during the course of this interview.

Keywords: Mice; Mouse

01:17:16 - The Osborne Brothers recording in Tennessee and buying a mandolin--Part II

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you played electric guitar for a period of time and Hank Garland was a big influence...

Segment Synopsis: Osborne continues his discussion of the albums they recorded in Nashville. He talks about how it felt to hear their songs on a jukebox. He mentions dissolving their partnership with Jimmy Martin. He tells the story of how he acquired a mandolin from Charlie Bailey.

Keywords: Accomplishments; Bailey, Charlie (Artist); Buying; Casey Clark (Artist); Charlie Bailey (Artist); Clark, Casey (Artist); Dayton (Ohio); Feelings; Fiddle players; Fiddlers; Fiddles; Gibson Company; Idols; Influence; Jimmy Martin (Artist); Jukeboxes; Knoxville (Tenn.); Lead guitar; Lloyd Loar mandolins; Mandolin players; Mandolins; Martin, Jimmy (Artist); Money; Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Owners; Partnerships; Post offices; Record labels; Selling; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Trades; Trading; Transition; WJR (Radio station); Wheeling (W. Va.); Wheeling Jamboree (Radio program)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music icons; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical instruments.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Knoxville (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.972778, -83.942222
01:27:37 - Working with Charlie Bailey and Red Allen in Wheeling, West Virginia

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you left Jimmy, you and your brother did.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about how he became acquainted with Charlie Bailey and began working with him at Wheeling, West Virginia. He talks about touring in Canada due to the reach and popularity of the radio station WWVA. He talks about recordings they made and tells a story about playing a show during a snowstorm. He talks about becoming acquainted with and working with Red Allen. He talks about recording with Red Allen for MGM Records. He talks about their work on the Wheeling Jamboree and describes more of their concerts.

Keywords: Albums; Allen, Red (Artist); Audio recording; Bailey Brothers (Artist); Bailey, Charlie (Artist); Bailey, Danny (Artist); Band members; Booking; Canada; Canadians; Charlie Bailey (Artist); Concerts; Contracts; Country music; Crowds; Danny Bailey (Artist); Dayton (Ohio); Deejays; Disc jockeys; Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Jimmy Martin (Artist); Lee Sutton; MGM Records; Martin, Jimmy (Artist); Money; Music business; Music recording; Myers, Paul (Artist); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Paul Myers (Artist); Payment; Promoters; Radio shows; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Red Allen (Artist); Residence; Rose, Wesley; Salary; Schools; Shows; Snow; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Sunset Park; Sutton, Lee; Talent agencies; WWVA (Radio station); Wages; Wesley Rose; West Grove (Pa.); Wheeling (W. Va.); Wheeling Jamboree (Radio program)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music business; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.; Radio stations.; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

GPS: Wheeling (W. Va.)
Map Coordinates: 40.070278, -80.698611
01:37:59 - Recording and song arrangements

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Now in that period of time there is when the, the famed high lead trio that you all became so famous--

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses the development of the Osborne Brothers' high lead trio style of harmonizing. He talks about the song "Once More" and its role in the development of their style. He discuses the effortless way they switched parts while singing. He talks about getting their material from the Acuff Rose Recording Company, including "Give This Message to Your Heart," among many others. He talks about using session musicians when recording, using twin fiddles and twin banjos for various recordings, and adding the dobro and drums to their band. He mentions "Once More" becoming a hit record.

Keywords: Acuff Rose Recording Company; Acuff, Roy (Artist); Allen, Red (Artist); Art Stamper (Artist); Audio recording; Brown, Jr., Jimmy (Artist); Deejay conventions; Dobros; Drums; Dusty Owens (Artist); Eddington, Ray (Artist); Experience; Flatt and Scruggs (Artist); Fred Rose (Artist); Give This Message To Your Heart (Song); Gordon Terry (Artist); Graves, Josh (Artist); Hank Williams (Artist); Harmonies; Harmony; High lead trios; High parts; Hit records; Ira Louvin (Artist); Jimmy Brown, Jr. (Artist); Josh Graves (Artist); Key; Lead parts; Louvin Brothers (Artist); Louvin, Ira (Artist); MGM Records; Music recording; Once More (Song); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Owens, Dusty (Artist); Pedal steel guitars; Pitch; Publishers; Ray Eddington (Artist); Recording sessions; Recording studios; Red Allen (Artist); Rose, Fred (Artist); Roy Acuff (Artist); Session musicians; Singing; Song arrangement; Song covers; Songs; Songwriters; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Sound; Stamper, Art (Artist); Steel guitars; Studio musicians; Style; Terry, Gordon (Artist); Twin banjo

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

01:49:47 - Invitation to be a guest on the Grand Ole Opry

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Had you guested on the Opry yet any during that period of time, uh, when you were on MGM?

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about the connections that led to them being a guest on the Grand Ole Opry program. He talks about how he felt being on stage where many of his idols had played.

Keywords: Belonging; Brown, Jr., Jimmy (Artist); Concerts; Day jobs; Dayton (Ohio); Ernest Tubb (Artist); Flatt and Scruggs (Artist); Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Guest spots; Guests; Jimmy Brown, Jr. (Artist); Joe Lucas (Artist); Lucas, Joe (Artist); Radio shows; Rose, Wesley; Ruby (Song); Scared; Shows; Success; Taxi cabs; Tubb, Ernest (Artist); Wesley Rose

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.

01:54:03 - Turning point in their career

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You talked about driving taxi cabs in those days.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses a low point in their career which was turned around when they began working with Doyle Wilburn and his management group, The Wilburn Brothers. He talks about how Doyle arranged for them to become members of the Grand Ole Opry and he describes their first night performing as members. He talks about recording for Decca Records, where they got their material, working on country package shows, and their experience driving all night to perform in various cities.

Keywords: 1963; 1964; Audio recording; Benny Birchfield (Artist); Birchfield, Benny (Artist); Black Poodle (Venue); Booking; Careers; Carlton Haney; Cast; Concerts; Contracts; Country music; Country package shows; Crowds; Day jobs; Decca Records; Deejays; Devine, Ott; Disc jockeys; Doyle Wilburn; Driving; Ernest Tubb (Artist); Flatt, Lester (Artist); Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Haney, Carlton; Heroes; Idols; Lester Flatt (Artist); MGM Records; Managers; Material; Memberships; Motels; Music recording; Nashville (Tenn.); New members; On the road; Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Ott Devine; Parents; Promoters; Publishing companies; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Roads; Rose, Wesley; Ruby (Song); Shows; Signing; Songs; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Speed limits; Stories; Sunset Park; Talent agencies; Taxi cabs; Teddy Wilburn; Touring; Tubb, Ernest (Artist); Turning points; WSM (Radio station); Wesley Rose; Wil-Helm Talent Agency; Wilburn Brothers; Wilburn, Doyle; Wilburn, Teddy; Wilhelm Talent Agency

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music icons; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing; Travel.

GPS: Nashville (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 36.166667, -86.783333
02:10:22 - "Rocky Top"

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I want to talk about the song "Rocky Top."

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses the life-changing experience of recording "Rocky Top." He tlaks about the song's writers, Felice and Boudloux Bryan, and convincing his manager to let them record it despite it being from a different publisher. He talks about the other people involved with the recording, including session musicians and producers. He talks about the release of the record on Christmas Day 1967, and how the song was the B-side of the album but became more popular than the A-side. He describes a tour they did in Germany and the popularity there of the songs "Rocky Top" and "Country Roads."

Keywords: Acuff-Rose Publishing Company; Audio recording; Ballads; Boudleaux Bryant (Artist); Bradley, Owen; Bryant Publishing; Bryant, Boudleaux (Artist); Bryant, Felice (Artist); Careers; Charts; Christmas Day; Concerts; Country Roads (Song); Crowds; Dale Sled (Artist); Decca Records; Deejays; Different; Disc jockeys; Doyle Wilburn; Emery, Ralph; Faron Young (Artist); Felice Bryant (Artist); Felice and Boudleaux Bryant; Germany; Gigs; Grand Ole Opry; Harmonies; Harmony; Hit records; Hits; Life-changing; MGM Records; Material; Military bases; Music recording; My Favorite Memory (Song); Once More (Song); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Owen Bradley; Popularity; Producers; Publishers; Publishing companies; Ralph Emery; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Releases; Rocky Top (Song); Roll Muddy River (Song); Session musicians; Shows; Sled, Dale (Artist); Songs; Songwriters; Songwriting; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Studio musicians; Sure-Fire Music; Takes; Teddy Wilburn; Touring; Wilburn, Doyle; Wilburn, Teddy; Young, Faron (Artist)

Subjects: (Artist); Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing; Travel.

02:24:37 - Adding electric instruments to the band

Play segment

Partial Transcript: In that era there, the Rocky Top era, is, uh, when you all plugged in. Electrified your instruments.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses the reasons for their decision to add electric instruments to their band while touring with Conway Twitty. He talks about others' opinions on this change.

Keywords: Adaptation; Airplay; Ambitions; Attitudes; Banjo players; Banjos; Bill Monroe (Artist); Bluegrass purists; Concerts; Conway Twitty (Artist); Country music; Country package shows; Country songs; Country sound; Crowds; Decca Records; Electric instruments; Electrified; Flatt and Scruggs (Artist); Gigs; Harmonies; Harmony; Loud; Mandolin players; Mandolins; Monroe, Bill (Artist); Pickin' Grass and Singin' Country (Album); Reactions; Shows; Trends; Twitty, Conway (Artist); Wilburn Brothers

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical instruments.; Musical performance

02:30:49 - Trio harmony

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You guys defined trio harmony singing.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses the development of The Osborne Brothers' trio harmony singing. He talks about other groups who were also doing trio harmonies and their influence on one another. He talks about some of the awards they won around this time, including CMA Vocal Group of the Year. He discusses how they came up with arrangements for their songs, tenor versus lead parts, and how he takes care of his voice.

Keywords: 1971; Alcohol; Allen, Red (Artist); Andrews Sisters (Artist); Appeal; Audio recording; Awards; Best Bluegrass Band; Bill Monroe (Artist); Bluegrass bands; Brown, Jim Ed (Artist); CMA Vocal Group of the Year; Cigarettes; Commercial high lead singers; Country Music Association awards (CMA awards); Deejays; Disc jockeys; Endings; Finalists; Harmony singing; Influence; Ira Louvin (Artist); Jim Ed Brown (Artist); Johnny Russell (Artist); Just For Old Time's Sake (Song); Key; Lead; Learning; Live recordings; Louvin, Ira (Artist); Making Plans (Song); McGuire Sisters (Artist); Monroe, Bill (Artist); Mullins, Paul; Music City News poll; Music recording; Nominations; Ohio; Osborne Brothers (Artist); Part switching; Pathway of Teardrops (Song); Paul Mullins; Pianos; Pitch; Pop music; Popular music; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Red Allen (Artist); Russell, Johnny (Artist); Shortcuts; Singing; Smoking; Songs; Tenor parts; The Browns (Artist); The Glazer Brothers (Artist); The Whites (Artist); Trios; Turning points; Vocal groups; Vocals; Water

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

02:48:18 - Playing at the White House for President Nixon

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I wanted to talk to you about, uh, your days touring with, uh, the Buck Owens Show and, uh, Merle Haggard.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about playing with Merle Haggard when he was invited to play at the White House for First Lady Pat Nixon's birthday. He talks about the experience of getting to play the show, including Sonny Osborne's first plane ride, meeting President Nixon, and taking a tour of the White House.

Keywords: 1973; Airplanes; Awards; Bob Eubanks; Bob Wills (Artist); Booking; Buck Owens (Artist); Casinos; Concerts; Congressmen; Deejays; Disc jockeys; Emery, Ralph; Ernest Tubb (Artist); Eubanks, Bob; Flying; Gettysburg Address; Gigs; Grand Ole Opry House; Haggard, Merle (Artist); Honors; Lake Tahoe (Calif. and Nev.); Lincoln Bedroom; Memory; Merle Haggard (Artist); New Opry House; Nixon, Pat; Nixon, Richard; Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Owens, Buck (Artist); Parties; Pat Nixon; Presidents; Press secretaries; Ralph Emery; Resorts; Richard Nixon; Ron Ziegler; Senators; Shows; Sonny Osborne (Artist); Springfield (Mo.); The Buck Owens Show; Tubb, Ernest (Artist); Venues; Vocal Group of the Year; Washington, D.C.; White House; Wills, Bob (Artist); Ziegler, Ron

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994; Travel.; Washington (D.C.)

GPS: Washington (D.C.)
Map Coordinates: 38.904722, -77.016389
03:00:38 - Moving to the new Grand Ole Opry House

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You mentioned about Nixon coming to the Opry House a year later to the day when the new Opry House opened.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about playing on the last Grand Ole Opry show held at their former venue, the Ryman Auditorium, before moving to the new Grand Ole Opry House. He talks about the differences between the two venues.

Keywords: Acceptance; Acoustics; Crowds; Feelings; Grand Ole Opry House; Growth; Home; Last show; Nervous; New Opry House; Reception; Ryman Auditorium; Venues

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Radio programs.

03:04:34 - State songs

Play segment

Partial Transcript: I want to talk to you about "Rocky Top" becoming a state song.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about "Rocky Top" being used as the University of Tennessee's fight song for football and basketball games. He talks about the song being chosen as the state song of Tennessee in 1982. He talks about the song "Kentucky" being chosen as the Kentucky state song in 1992.

Keywords: 1982; 1992; Basketball; Concerts; Crowds; Dr. Julien; Fight songs; Football; Gigs; Halftime; Karl & Harty (Artist); Karl And Harty (Artist); Kentucky (Song); Knoxville (Tenn.); Louvin Brothers (Artist); Marching bands; Material; National Anthem; Rocky Top (Song); Shows; Songs; Stadiums; State Congress; State songs; Supporters; University of Kentucky; University of Tennessee

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Kentucky; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Tennessee

GPS: University of Tennessee
Map Coordinates: 35.951667, -83.93
03:11:04 - Career from the 1970s through the 1990s

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well there's so much more to the Bobby Osborne story and the Osborne Brothers story, certainly after "Rocky Top" and, uh, the seventies...

Segment Synopsis: Osborne describes various aspects of his career from his time with several record companies, the impact of television appearances, the future of the Osborne Brothers, and more about the awards he has received.

Keywords: Acoustic sound; Acuff, Roy (Artist); Albums; Audio recording; Bobby Osborne & the Rocky Top X-Press (Artist); Bobby Osborne and the Rocky Top X-Press (Artist); Boudleaux Bryant (Artist); Bryant, Boudleaux (Artist); Bryant, Felice (Artist); CMH Records; Careers; Clooney, Rosemary (Artist); Concerts; Country package shows; Decca Records; Dobro players; Dobros; Emery, Ralph; Fathers; Felice Bryant (Artist); Felice and Boudleaux Bryant; Fiddle players; Fiddlers; Fiddles; Future; Gigs; Health problems; Honors; IBMA Hall of Honor; Induction; International Bluegrass Music Association (IBMA); International Bluegrass Music Awards; Kentucky Music Hall of Fame; Live albums; MCA Records; Mac Wiseman (Artist); Music recording; Nashville Now (Television program); Osborne Brothers (Artist); Osborne, Sonny (Artist); Popularity; RCA Victor; Ralph Emery; Recognition; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Retired; Rosemary Clooney (Artist); Roy Acuff (Artist); Shows; Sonny Osborne (Artist); TNN; Wiseman, Mac (Artist)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass festivals; Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Awards.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

03:17:00 - Songwriting

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Bobby, any idea how many songs you've recorded over the years?

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses how many songs he has recorded and how many he has written. He talks about learning to write songs, and tells a story about "song doctor" Bill Anderson and his opinion of one of Osborne's songs, "Banjo Ringing Saturday Night."

Keywords: "Song doctor"; Albums; Anderson, Bill (Artist); Audio recording; Banjo Ringing Saturday Night (Song); Bill Anderson (Artist); Eulogies; Funerals; Learning; Loretta Lynn (Artist); Lynn, Loretta (Artist); MGM Records; Music recording; Pain in My Heart (Song); Quality; Recording sessions; Recording studios; Songs; Songwriters; Songwriting; Teddy Wilburn; The Banjo Boys (Song); Wilburn, Teddy

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Sound--Recording and reproducing

03:22:07 - International tours

Play segment

Partial Transcript: You talked earlier about going to Germany.

Segment Synopsis: Osborne talks about touring in Sweden, Japan, and Germany, and their reception internationally.

Keywords: Acceptance; Alaska; Auditorium; Bluegrass 45 (Artist); Canada; English; Fliers; Germany; Hawaii; Imitations; International; Japan; Lance LeRoy; LeRoy, Lance; North Pole; Overseas; Reception; Sweden; Tokyo (Japan); Touring; Traveling; United States

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music audiences; Music fans.; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.; Travel.

GPS: Tokyo (Japan)
Map Coordinates: 35.683333, 139.683333
03:25:32 - Bobby Osborne's legacy

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well, you know, if you never sing another song, if you never played the mandolin on another tune, if you never made another record...

Segment Synopsis: Osborne discusses what he would like to be remembered for. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Accomplishments; Bill Monroe (Artist); Career; Country music; Dreams; Ernest Tubb (Artist); Eulogies; Funerals; History; Honored; Honors; Legacies; Monroe, Bill (Artist); Retirement; Thankful; Tubb, Ernest (Artist)

Subjects: Bands (Music); Bluegrass music.; Bluegrass musicians; Music--Performance.; Musical groups.; Musical performance; Records.; Sound recordings.