Transcript
Toggle Index/Transcript View Switch.
Index
Search this Index
X
00:00:00 - Education / Jobs during World War II

Play segment

Partial Transcript: --ois, to start the tape today why don't you tell me about going to school?

Segment Synopsis: Lois Scott describes attending various schools in the Harlan County area. She talks about skipping a few grades and discusses why she did not finish school. She talks at length about her work at an aircraft factory during World War II. She talks about working a shift for her sister at a restaurant and her embarrassment at not being aware of things like tipping.

Keywords: "Grease monkey"; Aircraft factories; Babysitting; Benham (Ky.); Bills; Birth certificates; Bosses; Chad (Ky.); Cumberland (Ky.); Dora Jones; Evelyn Pendergrass; Fathers; Finances; Glen L. Martin; Graduation; High schools; Income; Jobs; Lester Paul Jones; Mars B-28; Naivety; Navy airplanes; Pay; Payments; Principals; Restaurants; Riveters; Riveting; Salary; Sally Opal Jones; Schoolhouses; Schools; Shrimp; Siblings; Silver dollars; Sisters; Skipping grades; Sleeping; Teachers; Tips; Unemployment; Wages; War effort; War plants; Work

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Childhood; Education--Kentucky; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Occupations.; Rural conditions; Rural schools--Kentucky; Salaries; World War, 1939-1945; World War, 1939-1945--Women

00:12:37 - War effort during World War II / Sneaking to Florida to get married

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well when did you get started writing these letters to guys in the service?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about feeling patriotic during the war and writing letters to several servicemen from Harlan County throughout the war. She talks about her attempt to join the WAVES, and how instead she ran away at age 15 to Florida to marry her first husband. She talks about the police looking for her and her friend during their bus ride to Florida, and about her husband blackmailing a nurse to get out of the military hospital to get married.

Keywords: "Grease monkey"; Army; Baltimore (Md.); Bed checks; Blackmail; Bond drives; Brothers; Buses; Childhood; Elizabeth Jones; Eloping; Elton Walker; Evelyn Pendergrass; Fake names; Florida; Friends; Hospitals; J.P. Hickey; James Harvey Hogg; Kitchens; Letters; Marriage licenses; Married; Military police; Mix ups; Navy; Nurses; Opal Jones; Patriotic; Police; Red Cross; Running away; Seabees; Servicemen; Sisters; Sneaking; Special Judge F. Byrd Hogg; Tests; War effort; Washington, D.C.; Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES)

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Marriage; Occupations.; World War, 1939-1945; World War, 1939-1945--Women

00:26:35 - Her father and husband going to prison for union organizing

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And he got out in October, see, on a medical discharge and we came back here.

Segment Synopsis: Scott describes how her father and husband became involved in wanting to start a union for theater projectionists and how that led to them being arrested and sentenced to prison for banding and confederating. She talks about how the rest of her family survived while they were in prison.

Keywords: "Scabs" (strikebreakers); Army; Banding and confederating; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Bills; Cars; Court; Cumberland (Ky.); Department stores; Doctors; Expenses; Family; Fathers; Finances; Guilty; Hugh Jones; Husbands; Income; James Harvey Hogg; Jobs; John L. Lewis; John Y. Brown; Laws; Lynch (Ky.); Mothers; Navy; Pardons; Pay; Payments; Pikeville (Ky.); Pregnancy; Pregnant; Prisons; Projectionists; Receptionists; Repeal; Salary; Scabs; Sentencing; Tana Sue Scott; Tana Sue Williams; Testimony; Trouble; U.S. Steel; Unionizing; Unions; Wages; Warrants; Work

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Collective bargaining; Communities.; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Labor unions.; Law enforcement.; Marriage; Occupations.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Rural conditions; Salaries; Strikes and lockouts

00:34:25 - Abuse from her first husband and in-laws

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you'd been working at Keedis in Cumberland for less than a year, um, then while everybody was in jail...

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about moving with her husband to Roxanne, Kentucky near Whitesburg to be closer to his family. She talks about how the men in the family abused their wives and even their parents and the children. She talks about being hit by her husband and his brothers for voting for the Democratic Party. She talks about leaving her husband and discovering that her infant daughter had pneumonia and rickets. She talks about her financial difficulties which made it hard to leave her husband. She returns to discussing the abuse by her in-laws, including an instance where her father-in-law encouraged his grandson to beat his granddaughter (Lois' daughter). Lois then threatened her father-in-law with a gun.

Keywords: "Paddlefoot"; Abusers; Baltimore (Md.); Beat up; Beating; Bernie Hogg; Bertha Hogg; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Big Lucky (Ky.); Bills; Brothers; Burnett Hogg; Bus fare; Children; Coal trucks; Criticism; Democratic Party; Dewey Jones; Divorce; Domestic abuse; Domestic violence; Doug Hogg; Doyle Hogg; Dresses; Expenses; Farms; Fathers; Fighting; Finances; Gladys Hogg; Grandchildren; Hall Hogg; Harry S Truman; Hitting; Hogg family; Home; Hugh Jones; Husbands; Illness; In-laws; Income; Isaac Hogg; James Harvey Hogg; Jobs; Katie Hogg; Leaving; Melba Scott; Melba Strong; Milk; Money; Mothers; Oxygen; Parents; Pay; Payments; Pneumonia; Polls; Religion; Religious; Republican Party; Rickets; Roxanne (Ky.); Salary; Shame; Shotguns; Sickness; Sister-in-laws; Spending; Spousal abuse; Support; Tana Sue Scott; Tana Sue Williams; Vitamins; Votes; Voting; Wages; Whitesburg (Ky.); Willis Hogg; Wives; Work; Working

Subjects: Abused wives.; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Child abuse.; Elections; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Family violence.; Intimate partner violence.; Kentucky--Politics and government; Marital violence.; Marriage; Occupations.; Rural conditions; Salaries; Victims of family violence.; Wife abuse.

00:55:17 - Life in Indiana and finally leaving her first husband

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So what was the turning point that made you decide to leave then?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about her husband moving to Indiana to find a job, which he was unsuccessful at. She then also moved to Indiana and got a job. She talks about working in a department store and secretly saving money so she could leave her husband. She talks about how her husband found out about the money and used it to buy a restaurant. She talks about seeing a doctor about being abused by her husband and discusses the incident that finally made her leave him.

Keywords: 1955; Beatings; Bills; Black Oak (Ind.); Buses; Business; Cashiers; Childrearing; Children; Coats; Controlling; Department stores; Diners; Divorce; Doctors; Domestic abuse; Domestic violence; Expenses; Fathers; Finances; Gary (Ind.); Groceries; Guards; Hammond (Ind.); Hardware departments; Hazel Jones; Hitting; Hospitals; Income; Indiana; James Harvey Hogg; Jobs; Killing; Laid off; Leaving; Loans; Motels; Mothers; Pay; Payments; Police; Psychiatrists; Restaurants; Salary; Savings; Secrets; Spending; Spousal abuse; Stealing; Tourist season; Wages; Work

Subjects: Abused wives.; Child abuse.; Economic conditions; Employment; Families.; Family violence.; Intimate partner violence.; Marital violence.; Marriage; Occupations.; Salaries; Social conditions; Victims of family violence.; Wife abuse.

01:10:20 - Second marriage, union involvement, and hardships in Baltimore

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So what'd you do when you left?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about the beginning of her second marriage. She talks about moving the family to Baltimore where she worked in another department store. She talks about helping the cashiers try to start a union there, despite being a manager herself. She talks about how the company discovered that the workers were unionizing and fired all of the employees involved, including Lois. She talks about her family's financial hardships during their time in Baltimore.

Keywords: Assistant floor managers; Baltimore (Md.); Benham (Ky.); Bills; Billy Scott; Children; Christmas; Clarks Department Store; Cumberland (Ky.); Department stores; Divorce; Ed Scott; Expenses; Finances; Food Fair; Hardships; Harendale (Md.); Healthcare; Hiring; Income; Indiana; Involvement; Jobs; Johnny Scott; Laid off; Loans; Managers; Married; Meetings; Men; Mortgages; Pay; Payments; Picket lines; Picketers; Pickets; Policies; Policy; Presents; Restaurants; Salary; Samuel Scott; Separated; Spending; Strikers; Support; Toys; Unemployment; Union organizing; Wages; Women; Work

Subjects: Collective bargaining; Communities.; Economic conditions; Employment; Families.; Labor unions--Organizing; Marriage; Occupations.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Salaries; Social conditions; Strikes and lockouts; Women in the labor movement

01:23:56 - Trying to leave her second husband

Play segment

Partial Transcript: And then whenever we came back down here, when I--I was ready then to leave and stay down here.

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about trying to divorce her second husband. She talks about coming home to her family in Kentucky but not being able to stay with them for long. She talks about not wanting to lose her sons, so she returned to Baltimore.

Keywords: Annapolis (Md.); Baltimore (Md.); Beating; Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Bills; Billy Scott; Children; Daughters; District attorneys; Divorce; Domestic abuse; Domestic violence; Ed Scott; Expenses; Fathers; Finances; Gerald Cornette; Giving up; Hardships; Home; Housing projects; Income; Jay Downing; Johnny Scott; Loans; Mothers; Opal Jones; Pay; Payments; Restaurants; Salary; Samuel Scott; Sisters; Sons; Spending; Spousal abuse; Support; Treatment; Wages; Work

Subjects: Abused wives.; Economic conditions; Employment; Families.; Family violence.; Intimate partner violence.; Marital violence.; Marriage; Occupations.; Salaries; Social conditions; Victims of family violence.; Wife abuse.

01:31:58 - More on hardships and raising her sons in Baltimore

Play segment

Partial Transcript: So you went back then with Ed to Baltimore?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks more about the financial hardships her family faced during their time in Baltimore. She talks about how the local police would help watch out for her sons when she had to work. She talks about being too proud to ask for help, but accepting help from neighbors when they offered.

Keywords: Babysitting; Baltimore (Md.); Billy Scott; Birthdays; Cake mixes; Childrearing; Ed Scott; Friends; Hardships; Jobs; Johnny Scott; Neighbors; Police; Pride; Problems; Restaurants; Samuel Scott; Sons; Waitresses

Subjects: Economic conditions; Employment; Families.; Marriage; Occupations.; Salaries; Social conditions

01:36:50 - Arranging to move back to Kentucky / Jobs she has worked

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well then, uh, how did you decide you wanted to come back down here?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about being offered a job in New York but turning it down out of fear for her sons' safety living in a city. She talks about returning to Kentucky for a funeral and deciding to stay there. She talks about how her father and brothers helped her make arrangements for housing, a car, and other needs and how they secretly helped her pay some of these bills. She talks about renting a house in need of repairs and fixing it up. She talks about some of the jobs she worked when she returned to Kentucky.

Keywords: Antique shops; Arrangements; Baltimore (Md.); Baptist churches; Bills; Brothers; City; Cumberland (Ky.); Death; Dewey Jones; Dion (Ky.); Domestic abuse; Domestic violence; Ed Scott; Expenses; Fathers; Finances; Fixed up; Funerals; Grandmothers; Graveyards; Hardships; Home; Houses; Hugh Jones; Income; Jobs; Lewis family; Lynch (Ky.); Lynch Country Club; Mines; Moving; New York; Odd jobs; Parents; Pay; Payments; Rent; Repairs; Safety; Salary; Samuel Scott; Scared; Slaves; Sons; Spending; Spousal abuse; Strikes; Wages; Work

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Marriage; Occupations.; Rural conditions; Salaries

01:50:06 - Flood of 1975

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well now what about, um, then when the strike was over?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about how people in Harlan County were affected by the flood in 1975. She talks about volunteers coming to the area but doing nothing to help, and the church giving food to the volunteers instead of the flood victims. She talks about contacting Tim Lee Carter and other politicians for assistance for the flood victims.

Keywords: Bernie Aaronson; Charles Harris; Children; Conditions; Dan Hall; First Baptist Church; Flood victims; Food; Forms; Governors; Help; Houses; Jobs; Markets; Older people; Preachers; Red Cross; Sad; Senators; Strikes; Sudie Crusenberry; Telegrams; Tim Lee Carter; Tommy Lee; Volunteers; Vouchers; Washington, D.C.

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Families.; Flood damage; Floods--Kentucky; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Rural conditions

02:01:21 - Buying her house

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Lois, describe for me briefly, um, what your house was like that you were living in during the strike.

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about buying the house which she lived in during the Brookside strike. She talks about its plumbing and appliances, and talks about how she did her laundry when she lived in the rented house.

Keywords: 1970; Appliances; Bills; Brothers; Childrearing; Children; Dryers; Ed Scott; Expenses; Fathers; Finances; Home ownership; Houses; Income; Indiana; Jobs; Kentucky; Laundromats; Laundry; Leaving; Mortgages; Mothers; Pay; Payments; Plumbing; Rent; Salary; Samuel Scott; Sister-in-laws; Spending; Strikes; Wages; Washers; Wives; Work

Subjects: Abused wives.; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Child abuse.; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Family violence.; Intimate partner violence.; Marital violence.; Marriage; Occupations.; Rural conditions; Salaries; Victims of family violence.; Wife abuse.

02:05:28 - Father's death from black lung

Play segment

Partial Transcript: When did he die, Lois?

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about her father's death from black lung. She talks about how he and her mother were raising her sister's children, and how her father felt like he couldn't die because their only income was his pension. She talks about arranging for her parents to adopt the children so that they would receive social security upon his death. She talks about his suffering and eventual death from black lung.

Keywords: Adoption; Bills; Black lung; Breathing; Cancer; Childrearing; Children; Death; Doctors; Dying; Expenses; Family; Finances; Fingernails; Geneva Jones; Grandchildren; Hazel Jones; Hospitals; Hugh Jones; Income; Money; Pay; Payments; Pensions; Purpose; Reason for living; Relationships; Salary; Social security; Spending; Suffering; Wages; Work

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Lungs--Dust diseases; Marriage; Occupations.; Rural conditions; Salaries

02:13:55 - Effects of the Brookside strike / Threats to the strikers

Play segment

Partial Transcript: The last few questions are about what life's been like kinda since the strike and your impressions of its influence on your life and your family.

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about what she hoped would change after the Brookside strike. She talks about her daughter being threatened by the KKK for her involvement in trying to unionize Harlan County. She talks about being criticized by others for her involvement, including her son's teacher and her own husband.

Keywords: Bessie Cornett; Bessie Lou Scott; Billy Scott; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Children; Criticism; Daughters; Ed Scott; Effects; Future; Hopes; Impressions; Involvement; Johnny Scott; Kidnapping; Killing; Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Lies; Medical care; Newspapers; Opposition; Samuel Scott; Shootings; Strikes; Support; Tar and feather; Teachers; Threats; Tired; Warrants; Women

Subjects: Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Coal Miners' Strike, Harlan County, Ky., 1973.; Coal miners' spouses; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions--Organizing; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Communities.; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Ku Klux Klan (1915- ); Law enforcement.; Marriage; Occupations.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Rural conditions; Strikebreakers; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Violence; Women in the labor movement

02:20:28 - Coal operators' influence on politics in Harlan County

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Well now, do you--does the strike come up much now when you get together?

Segment Synopsis: Scott says that the strike made her children more politically aware. She talks about how the coal operators control the politics in Harlan County.

Keywords: Awareness; Brookside Mine; Brookside Mine Strike; Brookside Strike; Changes; Children; Closing; Coal operators; Control; Different; Duke Power; Duper Jackson; Education; Factions; Feelings; Jimmy Blanton; Public offices; Ricky Clem; Sold; Strikes; Tax evasion

Subjects: Coal Miners' Strike, Harlan County, Ky., 1973.; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions--Organizing; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Communities.; Elections; Families.; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Kentucky--Politics and government; Picketing.; Political corruption--Kentucky; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Women in the labor movement

02:24:45 - Conditions for women in Harlan County

Play segment

Partial Transcript: Let me ask you this Lois.

Segment Synopsis: Scott talks about domestic abuse, affairs, and women's employment in Harlan County. She talks about women working in the coal mines, and says her daughter started the lawsuit at U.S. Steel which led to women being employed there. She talks about her daughter's career. The interview is concluded.

Keywords: Affairs; AppalReD Legal Aid; Applications; Bills; Cheating; Domestic abuse; Domestic violence; Expenses; Fathers; Female; Finances; Income; Jobs; John Cox; Lawrence Jones; Lawsuits; Loans; Male chauvinism; Male chauvinists; Marcy; Matthew Strong; Melba Scott; Melba Strong; Men; Mortgages; Paralegals; Pay; Payments; Salary; Spending; Spousal abuse; Strike pay; Ted Stacy; U.S. Steel; Union organizers; Wages; Wives; Women; Women miners; Work

Subjects: Abused wives.; Appalachian Region--Economic conditions; Appalachian Region--Social conditions; Child abuse.; Coal Miners' Strike, Harlan County, Ky., 1973.; Coal miners--Kentucky; Coal miners--Labor unions--Organizing; Coal miners--Labor unions.; Coal mines and mining--Kentucky; Collective bargaining--Coal mining industry; Communities.; Employment--Kentucky; Families.; Family violence.; Harlan (Ky.); Harlan County (Ky.); Intimate partner violence.; Marital violence.; Marriage; Occupations.; Picketing.; Protest and social movements; Protest movements.; Rural conditions; Salaries; Strikes and lockouts--Coal mining--Kentucky; Strikes and lockouts--Miners; United Mine Workers of America; Victims of family violence.; Violence; Wife abuse.; Women coal miners; Women in the labor movement