Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History

Interview with Richard P. Mallory, February 18, 2016

Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky Libraries
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00:00:02 - Being hired at TVA

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Partial Transcript: --Uh--the following is an oral history interview conducted as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority Retirees Association Oral History pilot project.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory provides an overview of his background in parks working in the city of Nashville prior to joining the TVA in an expansion effort of the Youth Conservation Corps project.

Keywords: Activities; City parks; Mapping; Program Director; Sponsors; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Youth Conservation Corps (YCC); Youth Conservation Project

Subjects: Cooperation; Engineering; Nashville (Tenn.); Norris (Tenn.); Percy Warner Park (Nashville, Tenn.); Planning; Summer; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; United States. Department of Agriculture; United States. Department of the Interior

GPS: Norris (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 36.199444, -84.069167
00:02:52 - Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC)

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Partial Transcript: Well then when you, you came to TVA, what was your--uh--first job?

Segment Synopsis: Mallory discusses his work with the Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC), a program supported by the TVA, which was created by the U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Department of Labor. Age and educational requirements are discussed.

Keywords: Abandoned; Abandoned mines; Acid pools; Connections; Credentials; Director; Employable; Established; Expansion; Expertise; Facilitators; GED program; High School Diploma; Location; Mine reclamation; Mitigation; New; Older; Park construction; Practices; Private ownership; Projects; Properties; Re-evaluate; Restricted; Rocky Top (Tenn.); Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Variety; Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC); Youth Conservation Corps (YCC)

Subjects: Alabama; Anderson County (Tenn.); Campbell County (Tenn.); Cumberland County (Tenn.); Education; Equipment; Experience; Knoxville (Tenn.); Lake City (Tenn.); Memphis (Tenn.); Men; Morgan County (Tenn.); Oliver Springs (Tenn.); People; Pressure; Public lands; Reforestation; Satellites; Staff; Successful; Teaching; Tennessee Valley Authority; Tracy City (Tenn.); Training; United States. Department of Agriculture; United States. Department of Labor; United States. Department of the Interior; Virginia; Washington (D.C.); Women; Young Adult Conservation Corps (U.S.)

GPS: Oliver Springs (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 36.038056, -84.336944
GPS: Lake City (Tenn.) [now called Rocky Top (Tenn.)]
Map Coordinates: 36.224167, -84.155833
GPS: Tracy City (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.260833, -85.741667
GPS: Memphis (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.1175, -89.971111
00:09:01 - YACC activities and projects / Model for a national program

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Partial Transcript: As the program matured, we found out that there just wasn't enough reclamation work for us to do.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory lists and describes some of the activities that the Young Adult Conservation Corps participated in. Mallory talks of the possibility of a nationwide expansion of the YACC, and details some of the states and federal agencies that participated in this attempted expansion.

Keywords: Advantage; Broaden ideas; Carter Mill (Tenn.); Conservation; Exceptions; Expansion; Experiment; Flexibility; Four wheelers; Historic preservation; Instrumental; Local organizations; National Park Service; Park development; Power service area; Projects; Setup; State organizations; State parks; Tennessee State Department of Conservation; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Trail system; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; Urban; Urban areas; Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC)

Subjects: Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area (Tenn. and Ky.); California; Demonstrations; Fentress County; Historic preservation; Honor; Horses; Hunting; Illinois; Kentucky; Knowledge; Lakes; Morgan County (Tenn.); New Mexico; Research; Rural; Scott County (Tenn.); Successful; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Unemployment; United States. Department of Agriculture; United States. Department of Defense; United States. Department of Interior; United States. Department of Labor; Watersheds; Young Adult Conservation Corps (U.S.)

00:16:16 - Skills development group / Retraining displaced miners

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Partial Transcript: But, I went from that to a Skills Development group.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory illustrates a Skills Development group, created by the U.S. Department of Labor and implemented with the support of the TVA. It was an education and job retraining program for displaced miners in Copperhill, Tennessee. Mallory's role in the program is discussed. Program outcomes are also mentioned.

Keywords: Automotive technology; Cars; Commute; Construction; Contracted; Damage; Denuded forest; Displaced miners; Educated; Familiar; Flexible; Funding; General Motors; Help; Higher education; Interesting; Job retraining; Needs; New; On-site training; Opportunity; Ore; Organizations; Placement; Progressive; Retraining; Skills; Skills Development group; Spending; Supplier; Technicians; Temporary; Tennessee Chemical Company; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Tuition assistance; White glove jobs; Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC)

Subjects: Atlanta (Ga.); Change; Chattanooga (Tenn.); Coal miners; Community colleges; Copperhill (Tenn.); Deforestation; Economic development; Education; Electricians; Electronics; Forests; Georgia; Harvest; Job creation; Loyalty; Mechanics; Murphy (N.C.); North Carolina; Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.); Partnership; People; Polk County (Tenn.); Reputation; Skilled labor; Spouses; Sulfuric acid; Technology; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Tradition; Training; United States. Department of Labor; Work ethic; Young Adult Conservation Corps (U.S.)

GPS: Copperhill (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 34.992108, -84.374254
GPS: Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.2061, -84.6578
00:25:09 - Educational technologies for rural school networks

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Partial Transcript: And then I started working with another group that, that did--uh--educational technologies with schools and universities throughout the Tennessee Re--Valley Region.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory details a program orchestrated by the TVA to provide educational technologies and distance learning opportunities for high school students. High schools were connected to local universities through fiber optic networks sponsored by small, cooperative phone companies throughout the Tennessee Valley. The challenges of implementing such a program in the 1980s is also mentioned. Some of the benefits of the program to the overall community are considered.

Keywords: Adult Learning Centers; Al Gore; Black fiber cable; Broadcast; Challenging; Communications; Connected; Cooperative networks; Counties; Cumberland Region (Tenn.); Data transmission; Daunting; Fiber optic communications; Fiber optic networks; Frequencies; Full-motion video; Future; In-house funding; Interesting; Jail; News; Night school; No limits; Opening; Rare; Regions; Resources; Senators; Technology specialists; Tennessee Valley; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Unfamiliar; Universities

Subjects: Administration; Advanced placement programs (Education); Appalachian Regional Commission; Change; Cooperation; Courts; Depositions; Distance education; East Tennessee State University; Education; Equipment; Fiber optics; High schools; Languages; Mathematics; Money; North Carolina; Rural; Schools; Speed; State governments; Students; System; Teachers; Teaching; Technology; Telephone companies; Tennessee; Tennessee Tech University; Tennessee Valley Authority; Training; Weather

00:35:52 - Support of educational technologies outside of TVA

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Partial Transcript: Would TVA--uh--maintain--uh--a relationship with this--these schools and these networks?

Segment Synopsis: The steps that the TVA took in order for the individual schools to become independent and run the educational technology programs without direct TVA assistance are described. Mallory also explains some of the challenges of expanding the program nationwide, partly due to the opposition of large telephone companies.

Keywords: AT&T Inc.; Educational associations; Educational conferences; Educational cooperatives; Educational opportunities; Establishment; Fiber optic networks; Hard; Jealous; Needs; Networks; Organizations; Representatives; Sessions; Support; Telephone cooperatives; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Upper East Tennessee

Subjects: Administration; Awards; Contractors; Distance education; Education; High schools; Interest; Legacy; People; Programs; Rural; Schools; Technology; Telephone companies; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Washington (D.C.)

00:39:18 - Economic development via TVA-ARC partnership

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Partial Transcript: So, in terms of your own career at TVA--uh--you did more--uh--after your skills development work.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory articulates his involvement with promoting economic development at the TVA. A partnership with the Appalachian Regional Commission is emphasized.

Keywords: Access; Activities; Beneficial; Federal agencies; Funding; Industrial development; Industrial sites; No limits; Spec buildings; Tennessee Valley; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Walks; Waterfront development

Subjects: Administration; Airports; Appalachian Regional Commission; Budget; Economic development; Education; Federal government; Infrastructure; Roads; State governments; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority

00:43:18 - Ocoee River Olympic event

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Partial Transcript: The, the meeting was around the idea of having a 1996 Olympic event on the Ocoee River when Atlanta was hosting the Olympics--the--the Centennial Olympics.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory recalls the preparations that the TVA assisted with in getting the Ocoee River ready for an Olympic event, which was part of the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. The uniqueness of this event is emphasized, as it was the only natural river to be used in a whitewater slalom event in the Olympics (slalom is a race down a winding course).

Keywords: 1996 Summer Olympics; Comments; Control; County governments; Environmental Impact Statements; Events; Fair; Land; Modifications; Natural river; New; Ocoee Development Agency; Olympic event; Open volume of water; Positive; Practice; Preparation; River bed; Site development; Slalom; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); U.S. Slalom Team; Unique; Water flow; Water flows; Water release; Whitewater kayaking

Subjects: Athletes; Atlanta (Ga.); Cherokee National Forest (Agency : U.S.); Competition; Georgia; Infrastructure; Monitoring; Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.); Olympics; Polk County (Tenn.); Rates; Reputation; Respect; Sports; State governments; Structure; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Testing; Training; United states; Water

GPS: Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.2061, -84.6578
00:48:49 - Impact of the 1996 Ocoee River Olympic event / Work on the Olympic Planning Committee

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Partial Transcript: And it has, it has had markable growth since that time.

Segment Synopsis: Mallory briefly talks of his interactions with the International Olympic Committee in planning the Ocoee River slalom event. Mallory chronicles the impact that the 1996 Olympic event has had upon the Ocoee regional economy.

Keywords: 1996 Summer Olympics; Busy; Exposure; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); Generators; Gratifying; Juan Antonio Samaranch; Liaisons; Ocoee Region; Ocoee gorge; Olympic Planning Committee; Paid; Projections; Slalom; State organizations; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Torch ceremony; Water releases; Whitewater kayaking

Subjects: Atlanta (Ga.); Chattanooga (Tenn.); Cleveland (Tenn.); Compliance; Diversity; Economic development; Equipment; Global; Growth; Hotels; International Olympic Committee; Murphy (N.C); Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.); Promotions; Rafting (Sports); Recreation; Restaurants; Special Olympics; Sports; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Tourism; Water

GPS: Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.2061, -84.6578
00:52:40 - Impacts of TVA economic development activities

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Partial Transcript: So, after that, what did you do, at TVA?

Segment Synopsis: Mallory assesses the impacts of the economic development initiatives of the TVA and the Appalachian Regional Commission, with the main outcome being increased tourism and more retirees deciding to settle in the Tennessee Valley.

Keywords: Access; Adults; Beneficial; Catfish; Counties; Driving tour; Economic initiatives; Fish; Freshwater shrimp; Funding; Gratifying; Industrial development; Initiatives; Recognition; Regional impact; Regions; Remote; Southern Highroads Trail; Staying; Tennessee Valley; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Unaware; Varied; Viable; Young Adult Conservation Corps (YACC)

Subjects: Airports; Appalachian Regional Commission; Aquaculture; Credit; Economic development; Educational; Georgia; Industries; Infrastructure; Interest; Introductions; Job creation; Memphis (Tenn.); Mississippi; Money; Mountain City (Tenn.); National geographic; North Carolina; Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.); Popular; Retirees; Retirement; Salmon; South Carolina; States; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Tilapia; Tourism; Travel; Young Adult Conservation Corps (U.S.)

GPS: Memphis (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.1175, -89.971111
GPS: Ocoee River (Ga. and Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.2061, -84.6578
00:59:28 - Career legacy

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Partial Transcript: --Are there any questions that I have not asked, that you wished I had asked?

Segment Synopsis: Mallory briefly expresses his gratitude for the opportunities he has had as a TVA employee.

Keywords: Best job; Coverage; Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Subjects: Alabama; Beale Street (Memphis, Tenn.); Economic development; Experience; Georgia; Kentucky; Memphis (Tenn.); Mississippi; Mountain City (Tenn.); North Carolina; Opportunity; Tennessee; Tennessee Valley Authority; Time; Virginia

GPS: Memphis (Tenn.)
Map Coordinates: 35.1175, -89.971111